An Introduction To Flow Analysis Applications With .

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Engineering Designand Technology SeriesAn Introduction to Flow AnalysisApplications with SolidWorksFlow Simulation,Instructor GuideDassault Systèmes - SolidWorks Corporation300 Baker AvenueConcord, Massachusetts 01742 USAPhone: 1-800-693-9000Outside the U.S.: 1-978-371-5011Fax: 1-978-371-7303Email: [email protected]: http://www.solidworks.com/education

1995-2010, Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation, aDassault Systèmes S.A. company, 300 Baker Avenue,Concord, Mass. 01742 USA. All Rights Reserved.The information and the software discussed in this documentare subject to change without notice and are not commitmentsby Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation (DSSolidWorks).No material may be reproduced or transmitted in any form orby any means, electronically or manually, for any purposewithout the express written permission of DS SolidWorks.The software discussed in this document is furnished under alicense and may be used or copied only in accordance with theterms of the license. All warranties given by DS SolidWorks asto the software and documentation are set forth in the licenseagreement, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this documentor its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification oramendment of any terms, including warranties, in the licenseagreement.Patent NoticesSolidWorks 3D mechanical CAD software is protected byU.S. Patents 5,815,154; 6,219,049; 6,219,055; 6,611,725;6,844,877; 6,898,560; 6,906,712; 7,079,990; 7,477,262;7,558,705; 7,571,079; 7,590,497; 7,643,027; 7,672,822;7,688,318; 7,694,238; 7,853,940 ; and foreign patents, (e.g.,EP 1,116,190 and JP 3,517,643).eDrawings software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,184,044;U.S. Patent 7,502,027; and Canadian Patent 2,318,706.U.S. and foreign patents pending.Trademarks and Product Names for SolidWorksProducts and ServicesSolidWorks, 3D PartStream.NET, 3D ContentCentral,eDrawings, and the eDrawings logo are registered trademarksand FeatureManager is a jointly owned registered trademark ofDS SolidWorks.CircuitWorks, Feature Palette, FloXpress, PhotoWorks,TolAnalyst, and XchangeWorks are trademarks of DSSolidWorks.FeatureWorks is a registered trademark of Geometric SoftwareSolutions Ltd.SolidWorks 2011, SolidWorks Enterprise PDM, SolidWorksSimulation, SolidWorks Flow Simulation, and eDrawingsProfessional are product names of DS SolidWorks.Other brand or product names are trademarks or registeredtrademarks of their respective holders.COMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE PROPRIETARYU.S. Government Restricted Rights. Use, duplication, ordisclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as setforth in FAR 52.227-19 (Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights), DFARS 227.7202 (Commercial ComputerSoftware and Commercial Computer SoftwareDocumentation), and in the license agreement, as applicable.Contractor/Manufacturer:Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation, 300 BakerAvenue, Concord, Massachusetts 01742 USACopyright Notices for SolidWorks Standard,Premium, Professional, and Education ProductsPortions of this software 1986-2010 Siemens ProductLifecycle Management Software Inc. All rights reserved.Portions of this software 1986-2010 Siemens IndustrySoftware Limited. All rights reserved.Portions of this software 1998-2010 Geometric Ltd.Portions of this software 1996-2010 Microsoft Corporation.All rights reserved.Portions of this software incorporate PhysX by NVIDIA2006-2010.Portions of this software 2001 - 2010 Luxology, Inc. Allrights reserved, Patents Pending.Portions of this software 2007 - 2010 DriveWorks Ltd.Copyright 1984-2010 Adobe Systems Inc. and its licensors.All rights reserved. Protected by U.S. Patents 5,929,866;5,943,063; 6,289,364; 6,563,502; 6,639,593; 6,754,382;Patents Pending.Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, the Adobe PDF logo,Distiller and Reader are registered trademarks or trademarksof Adobe Systems Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.For more copyright information, in SolidWorks see Help About SolidWorks.Copyright Notices for SolidWorks SimulationProductsPortions of this software 2008 Solversoft Corporation.PCGLSS 1992-2007 Computational Applications andSystem Integration, Inc. All rights reserved.Copyright Notices for Enterprise PDM ProductOutside In Viewer Technology, Copyright 1992-2010,Oracle Copyright 1995-2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.Portions of this software 1996-2010 Microsoft Corporation.All rights reserved.Copyright Notices for eDrawings ProductsPortions of this software 2000-2010 Tech Soft 3D.Portions of this software 1995-1998 Jean-Loup Gailly andMark Adler.Portions of this software 1998-2001 3Dconnexion.Portions of this software 1998-2010 Open Design Alliance.All rights reserved.Portions of this software 1995-2009 Spatial Corporation.This software is based in part on the work of the IndependentJPEG Group.Document Number: PME0419-ENG

iIntroductionTo the InstructorThis document introduces SolidWorks users to the SolidWorks Flow Simulation flow andheat transfer analyses software package. The specific goals of this lesson are to:1 introduce the basic concepts of fluid flow analyses and their benefits2 demonstrate the ease of use and the concise process for performing these analyses3 introduce the basic rules for computational fluid dynamics analyses and how to obtainreliable and accurate results.This document is structured similar to lessons in the SolidWorks Instructor Guide. Thislesson has corresponding pages in the SolidWorks Flow Simulation Student Workbook.Note: This lesson does not attempt to teach all capabilities ofSolidWorks Flow Simulation. It only intends to introducethe basic concepts and rules of performing flow and heattransfer analyses and to show the ease of use and theconcise process of doing so.Education Edition Curriculum and Courseware DVDAn Education Edition Curriculum and Courseware DVD is provided with this course.Installing the DVD creates a folder named SolidWorksCurriculum and Courseware 2011. This folder contains directories for thiscourse and several others.Course material for the students can also be downloaded fromwithin SolidWorks. Click the SolidWorks Resources tab in theTask Pane and then select Student Curriculum.Double-click the course you would like to download. Control-select the course todownload a ZIP file. The Lessons file contains the parts needed to complete the lessons.The Student Guide contains the PDF file of the course.SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide1

IntroductionCourse material for teachers can also be downloaded from the SolidWorks web site. Clickthe SolidWorks Resources tab in the Task Pane and then select Instructors Curriculum.This will take you to the Educator Resources page shown below.SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide2

IntroductionSolidWorks Simulation Product LineWhile this course focuses on the introduction to flow analysis using SolidWorks FlowSimulation, the full product line covers a wide range of analysis areas to consider. Theparagraphs below lists the full offering of the SolidWorks Simulation packages andmodules.Static studies provide tools for the linear stress analysis ofparts and assemblies loaded by static loads. Typical questionsthat will be answered using this study type are:Will my part break under normal operating loads?Is the model over-designed?Can my design be modified to increase the safety factor?Buckling studies analyze performance of the thin partsloaded in compression. Typical questions that will be answered using this studytype are:Legs of my vessel are strong enough not to fail in yielding; but are they strongenough not to collapse due to loss of stability?Can my design be modified to ensure stability of the thin components in myassembly?Frequency studies offer tools for the analysis of the naturalmodes and frequencies. This is essential in the design or manycomponents loaded in both static and dynamic ways. Typicalquestions that will be answered using this study type are:Will my part resonate under normal operating loads?Are the frequency characteristics of my components suitablefor the given application?Can my design be modified to improve the frequencycharacteristics?Thermal studies offer tools for the analysis of the heattransfer by means of conduction, convection, and radiation.Typical questions that will be answered using this study typeare:Will the temperatures changes effect my model?How does my model operate in an environment withtemperature fluctuation?How long does it take for my model to cool down or overheat?Does temperature change cause my model to expand?Will the stresses caused by the temperature change cause my product failure (staticstudies, coupled with thermal studies would be used to answer this question)?SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide3

IntroductionDrop test studies are used to analyze the stress of movingparts or assemblies impacting an obstacle. Typical questionsthat will be answered using this study type are:What will happen if my product is mishandled duringtransportation or dropped?How does my product behave when dropped on hard woodfloor, carpet or concrete?Optimization studies are applied to improve (optimize) yourinitial design based on a set of selected criteria such as maximum stress,weight, optimum frequency, etc. Typical questions that will be answeredusing this study type are:Can the shape of my model be changed while maintaining the designintent?Can my design be made lighter, smaller, cheaper without compromisingstrength of performance?Fatigue studies analyze the resistance of parts and assembliesloaded repetitively over long periods of time. Typicalquestions that will be answered using this study type are:Can the life span of my product be estimated accurately?Will modifying my current design help extend the productlife?Is my model safe when exposed to fluctuating force ortemperature loads over long periods of time?Will redesigning my model help minimize damage caused by fluctuating forces ortemperature?Nonlinear studies provide tools for analyzing stress in parts andassemblies that experience severe loadings and/or large deformations.Typical questions that will be answered using this study type are:Will parts made of rubber (o-rings for example) or foam perform wellunder given load?Does my model experience excessive bending during normal operatingconditions?Dynamics studies analyze objects forced by loads that vary in time.Typical examples could be shock loads of components mounted invehicles, turbines loaded by oscillatory forces, aircraft componentsloaded in random fashion, etc. Both linear (small structuraldeformations, basic material models) and nonlinear (large structuraldeformations, severe loadings and advanced materials) are available.Typical questions that will be answered using this study type are:Are my mounts loaded by shock loading when vehicle hits a large pothole on the roaddesigned safely? How much does it deform under such circumstances?SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide4

IntroductionMotion Simulation enables user to analyze the kinematic and dynamicbehavior of the mechanisns. Joint and inertial forces can subsequently betransferred into SolidWorks Simulation studies to continue with thestress analysis. Typical questions that will be answered using thismodulus are:What is the correct size of motor or actuator for my design?Is the design of the linkages, gears or latch mechanisms optimal?What are the displacemements, velocities and accelerations of the mechanismcomponents?Is the mechanism efficient? Can it be improved?Composites modulus allows users to simulate structuresmanufactured from laminated composite materials.Typical questions that will be answered using this modulus are:Is the composite model failing under the given loading?Can the structure be made lighter using composite materialswhile not compromising with the strength and safety?Will my layered composite delaminate?SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide5

2Basic Functionality of SolidWorks Flow SimulationGoals of This Lesson Introduce flow analysis as a tool predicting characteristics of various flows over andinside 3D objects modeled by SolidWorks and thereby solving various hydraulic andgas dynamic engineering problems. Upon successful completion of this lesson, thestudents should understand basic approaches to solving hydraulic and gas dynamicengineering problems. The students should see that the analysis of the flow overcomplex objects can influence the objects' design and performance, significantly savetime and money by performing a properly stated comprehensive CFD analysis withSolidWorks Flow Simulation instead of conducting extremely time-consuming andexpensive experimental works. Associate SolidWorks Flow Simulation flow analysis as "a chess game", in which it isvery easy "to arrange the figures over the board before the game", some effort isrequired "to obey the game rules", and it will be necessary to apply some strategy "towin the game", i.e. to obtain correct and accurate results. The students should see that,due to SolidWorks Flow Simulation's clear and well-structured interface, it is relativelyeasy "to arrange the figures over the board before the game", therefore the user willhave more time to develop a strategy of solving the engineering problem, specify theboundary conditions properly, and study the obtained results for a possible change instrategy. So, this step shows how "to arrange the figures over the board before thegame" in SolidWorks Flow Simulation. Show the students the proper ways of correctly simulating real objects and flowphenomena with SolidWorks Flow Simulation.The results of analysis may vary slightly depending on versions/builds of SolidWorksand SolidWorks Flow Simulation.SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide6

Basic Functionality of SolidWorks Flow SimulationOutline In Class Discussion Active Learning Exercise — Determination of Hydraulic Loss Opening the Valve.S

SolidWorks Flow Simulation Instructor Guide 3 SolidWorks Simulation Product Line While this course focuses on the introduction to flow analysis using SolidWorks Flow Simulation, the full product line covers a wide range of analysis areas to consider. The paragraphs below lists the full offering of the SolidWorks Simulation packages and modules.