Examples IEP Goals Objectives For ASD

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National Association of Special Education TeachersAUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER SERIESExamples of IEP Goals and ObjectivesSuggestions for Students with AutismIntroductionWhen writing goals for children with Autism it is crucial to be as specific as possible. IEP’s needto be individualized but do not always show all of the actual goals and interventions that arebeing done. As a skill is acquired - new objectives are to be added, it is not to be stagnant. Asskills become easier the difficulty is increased. Teachers of students with Autism SpectrumDisorders hope that a fluid process from year to year is maintained. This will require a great dealof communication and collaboration between staff and parents. The following lists are offered asexamples of IEP goals that can be used for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.Social Skill Area Goals1. will develop social understanding skills as measured by the benchmarks listedbelow.a. will raise their hand and wait to be called on before talking aloud in group settings 4/5opportunities to do so.b. will work cooperatively with peers in small group settings (ie. Share materials, allowpeers to share different thoughts) 4/5 opportunities to do so.c. will develop an understanding of the relationship between his/her verbalizations andactions/effect on others 4/5 opportunities to do so.d. will engage in appropriate cooperative social play interactions initiated by others 4/5opportunities to do so.e. will engage in cooperative social play interactions by allowing others to make changesor alter the play routine 4/5 opportunities to do so.f. will engage in appropriate turn-taking skills by attending to peer’s turn and waiting forown turn 4/5 opportunities to do so.g. will appropriately acknowledge an interaction initiated by others by giving anappropriate response, either verbal or non-verbal.h. will develop an understanding of the rationale for various social skills by stating thereason when asked (i.e., Why do we say excuse me?)i. will increase social awareness of environment by stating what is taking place inenvironment or imitating actions of others 4/5 opportunities to do so.j. will increase safety awareness by stating the effect of various situations 4/5opportunities to do so.NASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism1

National Association of Special Education Teachersk. will identify appropriate social rules and codes of conduct for various social situations4/5 opportunities to do so.l. will refrain from interrupting others by exhibiting appropriate social interaction skills4/5 opportunities.2. will increase social-emotional skills as measured by the benchmarks listedbelow.a. will identify various emotional states in others 4/5 opportunities to do so.b. will state why a person might be feeling a particular emotion 4/5 opportunities to do so.c. will identify various simple emotional states in self 4/5 opportunities to do so.d. will state why he/she might be feeling a particular emotion 4/5 opportunities to do so.e. will state what would be an appropriate response to a particular emotional state 4/5opportunities to do so.3. will increase social communication skills as measured by the benchmarks listedbelow.a. will initiate communicative interactions with others 4/5 opportunities to do so.b. will initiate varied appropriate topics with others 4/5 opportunities to do so.c. will initiate communicative interactions with others by asking questions 4/5opportunities to do so.d. will engage in conversational turn-taking with others across 3-4 conversational turns,4/5 opportunities to do so (topics initiated by self /others).e. will call attention to communicative partner prior to communicating 4/5 opportunities todo so.f. will ask questions of others regarding topics initiated by self or others to sustainconversation for conversational turn-taking 4/5 opportunities to do so.g. will identify and understand various non-verbal social communication behaviors (ie.Tone of voice, personal space, vocal volume, body orientation, facial expressions) by statingtheir implied meaning 4/5 opportunities to do so.h. will spontaneously seek assistance/ ask for help/ seek additional information givenvisual prompts 4/5 opportunities to do so.i. will spontaneously use a verbal or non-verbal message to indicate to the speaker that heneeds additional “wait” time to process information editorially 4/5 opportunities to do so.j. will identify breakdowns in communication and make appropriate adjustments 4/5opportunities to do so.4. will increase narrative discourse skills to objective criteria as measured by thebenchmarks listed below.a. will state the main idea of the story, video or situation 4/5 opportunities to do so.b. will relate information (ie. Past events, stories, situations, etc ) sequentially 4/5opportunities to do so.c. will identify what happened first, in the middle, and last regarding a previous readstory, past event, or situation.d. When relating information will provide an initial background statement, includereferents, include important pieces of relational information and leave out irrelevant details.NASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism2

National Association of Special Education Teachers5. will increase their ability to function appropriately within the school environmentas measured by the benchmarks listed below.a. Given visual and verbal prompts, will participate in tasks/ activities to completion byexhibiting appropriate behaviors, % of the time.b. will transition appropriately from tasks and activities and school environments % ofthe time given visual and verbal prompts.c. will accept changes in routine/schedule by exhibiting appropriate behaviors givenvisual and verbal cues % of the time.d. will follow classroom rules and directives given visual and verbal prompts % of thetime.e. will independently take a break given visual prompts % of the time. (goal #5:objectives contd.)f. will independently ask to take a break given visual and verbal prompts % of the time.Strategies to focus on above Goals/ Objectives: Social Stories: Social Stories are a tool for teaching social skills to children with autism andrelated disabilities. Social stories provide an individual with accurate information about thosesituations that he may find difficult or confusing. The situation is described in detail and focus isgiven to a few key points: the important social cues, the events and reactions the individualmight expect to occur in the situation, the actions and reactions that might be expected of him,and why. The goal of the story is to increase the individual’s understanding of, make him morecomfortable in, and possibly suggest some appropriate responses for the situation in question(Polyxo, 2008).Comic Strip Conversations: Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have troubleinterpreting social situations and understanding speech as quickly as most social interactionsrequire. A comic strip conversation is a conversation between two or more people using simpleillustrations in a comic strip format. They show children how to behave in a socially acceptablemanner and conform to social standards. The effectiveness can be enhanced by incorporating achild's favorite cartoon character into the illustration (Autism Spectrum Institute, 2008).Social Scripting/ Computer Conversations: The use of social scripts can provide the child withvisual information and strategies that will improve his understanding of various social situations.In addition, the Social scripts can teach the child appropriate behaviors to exhibit when he isengaged in varied social situations. The repetitious "reading" of the Social script makes thisstrategy effective for the child with Asperger's Syndrome.Find and use “hooks” (high interests) for academics, social relations, social communication, etc Video‐tapesDigital Photography (for real life situations)Audio‐tapingLunch/Recess ClubsStory‐mapping: These activities basically walk the child through the process of any experience.This technique has been very successful when utilized consistently for introducing children withAutism to new activities and outings. For example if a child were to have a doctor’s appointmentthese activities basically walk the child through the process of visiting the doctor’s office. Youcan use photographs from the clinic, the elevator and the doctor's office to help prepare yourchild for what they will see and do on that day.Individual visual schedule: Visual schedule systems are an easy way to provide students withconsistent cues about their daily activities. They provide a structure that allows a student toanticipate what will happen next, reduce anxiety by providing the student with a vision ofhis/her day and promote calmness between transitions. They are especially important forNASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism3

National Association of Special Education Teachersstudents who have a profile that includes difficulties with the understanding of oral languageand directions (Kamp & McErlean, 2008).Adapted From Susan Stokes, CESA 6 Autism ConsultantExamples of IEP Goals without ObjectivesSocial Skills/Life Skills/Social Communication Skills GoalsGiven direct instruction, practice and visual supports, will successfully demonstrate twonew social skills per quarter including, recognizing, expressing and regulating emotions,conversational repair, and non verbal cues at a level of % accuracy. Skills will bedetermined quarterly by the IEP team.will acquire two new social skills per quarter to a level of % accuracy includinginitiating conversations with peers and adults, participating in turn taking during structuredactivities and recognizing positive social interactions.will acquire two new skills per quarter including table manners, phone etiquette, andorganizational skills at a level of % accuracy. The skills will be determined by the IEPteam.Given direct instruction and visual supports, will obtain two new life skills per quarter,including bathroom and hygiene routines. He/She will perform the skill independently to a levelof 70% accuracy.Given direct instruction, practice and visual supports, will successfully demonstrate twonew skills per quarter including self regulation, gender relations skills, and independence inusing visual supports 3 out of 5 opportunities to do so.will increase his/her social communication skills by refining three or more social skills(e.g. turning to see teacher when moving, interacting at age appropriate levels during free choice)necessary to function in the classroom as demonstrated during classroom activities on three outof four days of interactions.will demonstrate the accurate use and understanding of statements and questions byincreasing accurate use of these sentence forms 4 out of 5 opportunities to do so.will increase his/her social communication skills by refining four skills including;requesting help and using pictures or words in order to have basic needs met 3 out of 5opportunities to do so.will be introduced to a functional communication system and utilize it to show his/herbasic wants 3 out of 5 opportunities to do so.With adult support and visual cues will be able to identify and express his/her needswithin the school environment 4 out of 5 opportunities to do so.Given direct instruction and visual supports for word retrieval strategies willdemonstrate the ability to retrieve words during conversation when cued to do so in 3 out of 5attempts in the therapy and classroom settings.NASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism4

National Association of Special Education Teacherswill improve his/her skills in comprehension of figurative language, multiple meaningwords and perspective taking in structured tasks to a level of 10% improvement from baselinedata.will increase his/her ability to problem solve situations with peers and adults usingvisual supports and previously taught problem solving strategies 4 out of 5 opportunities to doso.Given direct instruction, practice and visual support will successfully demonstrate andunderstanding of autism awareness and stranger danger at a level of 70% accuracy.will increase his independent work time by completing one task with one or less adultprompts 3 out of 5 opportunities to do so.Academic Skill Area Goalswill answer who, what, where, why and when questions to 70% accuracy on a givenpassage.will use previously taught comprehension strategies before, during and after reading agiven passage to build text meaning and achieve an average comprehension score of 70% onassessed readings.will increase his reading skills by identifying 10 new safety words and 10 newcommunity words with 80% accuracy.will increase his/her functional math skills in the areas of time and money bydemonstrating understanding of projected time and elapsed time independently with 80%accuracy and paying for times making change independently up to 2.00 with 75% accuracy.Given direct instruction and visual supports will be able to count an assortment of coins,measure objects in standard units and tell time to the minute with 80% accuracy.Given direct instruction and visual supports, will draft, edit and publish a 4 sentenceparagraph meeting 70% mastery on conventions.will obtain selected science/social studies goals as provided in the regular educationenvironment to a level of 70% accuracy.In conclusion, there are many sources on the Internet that can assist you in writing goals forchildren with Autism. The following sites are a good beginning: http://www.kid‐power.org/samples/goals.html http://www.untangleautism.org/iepgoals.htm http://www.untangleautism.org/iepdatabase.htm http://www.udel.edu/bkirby/asperger/IEP Goals.htmlNASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism5

National Association of Special Education Teachers NASET Examples of IEP Goals and Objectives ‐ Suggestions for Students with Autism 2 k. _ will identify appropriate social rules and codes of conduct for various social situations 4/5 opportunities to do so. l. _ will refrain from interrupting o