CIVIL ENGINEERING

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rTHE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERSCESMM3CIVIL ENGINEERINGSTANDARD METHOD OF MEASUREMENTTHIRD EDITIONTHOMAS TELFORD, LONDON, 1991

PREFACEThe Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement thjrd edjfion .(CES.MM3),has been approved by the sponsors—the Institution of Civil Engineers-jand theFederation of Civil Engineering Contractors—for use in works of civil engineeringconstruction. This third edition supersedes the second edition published in 1985.Reference to CESMM3 in the Appendix to the Form of Tender, as provided for byclause 57 of the ICE. Conditions of Contract, sixth edition (January 1991) is sufficient to give effect to the use of this standard method of measurement for aparticular contract.CESMM3 may be used with other conditions of contract such as the ICE Conditions of Contract for Ground Investigation and the ICE Conditions of Contractfor Minor Works. When other conditions of contract are used, paragraph 1.2 andclause numbers referred to in CESMM3 should be amended by a statement in thePreamble in accordance with paragraph 5.4.The Committee under whose guidance CESMM3 has been prepared will keep theuse of the document under review and consider any suggestions for amendment.These should be addressed to The Secretary, The Institution of Civil Engineers,1-7 Great George Street, London SW1P 3AA. Revision of the document will bemade when such action seems warranted.

11CONTENTSITForeword to the first editionlp ii 1Foreword to the second editionm-2Foreword to the third edition3Section 1.Definitions4Section 2.General principles51Section 3.Application of the Work Classification Section 4.Coding and numbering of items .8\fSection 5.Preparation of the Bill of Quantities9itfy.'p1.6Section 6. Completion, pricing and use of the Bill of Quantities13Section 7.14Method-Related ChargesSection 8. Work Classification15Class A: General items, 16Class B: Ground investigation, 20Class C: Geotechnical and other specialist processes, 28—Class D: Demolition and site clearance, 32Class E: Earthworks, 34Class F: In situ concrete, 40Class G: Concrete ancillaries, 42Class H: Precast concrete, 46Class I:Pipework—pipes, 48Class J: Pipework—fittings and valves, 50Class K: Pipework—manholes and pipework ancillaries, 52Class L: Pipework—supports and protection, ancillaries to laying andexcavation, 56.Class M: Structural metalwork, 60Class N: Miscellaneous metalwork, 62Class 0: Timber, 64Class P: Piles, 66Class Q: Piling ancillaries, 70Class R: Roads and pavings, 74Class S: Rail track, 78Class T: Tunnels, 82 Class U: Brickwork, blockwork and masonry, 88Class V: Painting, 90Class W: Waterproofing, 92Class X: Miscellaneous work, 94Class Y: Sewer and water main renovation and ancillary works, 96Class Z: Simple building works incidental to civil engineering works, 102ffppf-*

FOREWORD TO THE FIRST EDITIONIn 1964 the Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers set up a Committee under theChairmanship of T. A. L. (now Sir Angus) Paton, CMG, BSc(Eng), FICE, to proposerevisions to the Standard Method of Measurement of Civil Engineering Quantities.In 1971 the work of revision was undertaken by Martin Barnes, PhD, BSc(Eng), MICE,who worked initially under an agreement with the University of Manchester Instituteof Science and Technology and, after he left the University in 1972, under a directagreement with the Institution of Civil Engineers.A Steering Committee wasappointed by the Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers to supervise the work.The Steering Committee was enlarged in 1972 by the appointment of an additionalrepresentative from each of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Association ofConsulting Engineers and the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors.Themembers of the committee ( indicates member appointed in 1971) were;*D. C. Coode, FICEr FlEAust, Chairman v;.*IVI. Agar, BSc, FICE, FIStructE, Institution of Civil EngineersF. J; Cave, BSc, FICE, FRICS, MTPl, FIMunE, FRSH, Institution of Civil Engineers H.-R. Oakley, MSc(Eng), FICE, MIWE, FASCE, Association of ConsultingEngineers.P, B. Ahm, MSc, FICE, Association of Consulting Engineers*R. B. Hill, BSc, FICE, FIStructE, Federation of Civil Engineering ContractorsJ. A. Sneden, FRICS, FIQS, Federation of Civil Engineering ContractorsJ. B. B. Newton, BSc(Eng), FICE, co-optedN. C. B. Brierley, BSc(Eng), FICE, co-optedLate in 1972 a draft of the revised standard method of measurement was circulatedfor comment to 71 representative bodies.20 organizations.Trial Bills of Quantities were prepared byDiscussions with interested bodies continued throughout 1973and 1974 and the form of the present document owes much to the suggestionsmade during this time by bodies outside the committee.The Steering Committeeis indebted to the many people who helped in this way.The object of the work has been to make improvements while retaining the goodfeatures of the previous edition of the standard method of measurement.Theprincipal improvements sought are(a)to standardize the layout and contents of Bills of Quantities prepared accordingto the standard method of measurement(b) to provide a systematic structure of bill items leading to more uniformitemization and description(c)to review -the subdivision of work into items so that a more sensitive andid)to take account of new techniques in civil engineering construction andbalanced description of the value of work in a contract is providedmanagement their influence on the work itself and on the administration ofcontracts.A Bill of Quantities which in essence is no more than a price list of the PermanentWorks no longer adequately reflects the many variables in the cost of civilengineering construction which have resulted from developments in constructionaltechniques and methods.It has therefore been decided to provide for someadditional items of measured work and for other items, entered at the option of thetenderer, directly related to methods of construction.A system of work classification has been adopted as the basis of the method ofmeasurement so that Bills of Quantities can be compiled and used more easily.Thesystem should enable much of the repetitive clerical work associated with the use ofBills of Quantities to be simplified, and make the use of computers easier.The Work Classification incorporates a reference number for each type of workcomponent.tion of work.These reference numbers may be used as a simple code for identificaTheir use as part of the item numbers in Bills of Quantities issuggested, but is optional.The codingis sufficiently flexible not to inhibitdescription of the particular work in each contract.

FOREWORD TO THE SECOND EDITIONIn 1983 the Council of the Institution of Civil Engineers instructed the CESMMReview Committee to prepare a second edition of the Civil Engineering StandardMethod of Measurement* T The members of the Review Committee wereH. R. Oakley, CBE, FEng, MSc(Eng), FICE, ChairmanD. C. Coode, CBE, FCG1; FICE'" " "1N. C. B. Brierley, BSc(Eng), FICEN. M. L Barnes, BSc(Eng)r PhD, FICE, FCIOB, ACIArb, MBCSj!-The work of analysing the comments received on the first edition and of drafting the ' 1second edition was undertaken by Martin Barnes and Partners who were assisted byI" McGill and Partners.j-'ijMany organizations contributed comments and suggestions for amendment ofthe document and others participated by reviewing drafts and givingadvice. The Review Committee is indebted to the many people who helped in thisI Juway, and particularly to the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors whoTappointed a committee to review and comment upon the drafts.The object of the amendments made in the second edition was twofold. Firstly it significance of different costs of civil engineering work which have taken place since'was to take account of developments in civil engineering technology and in thethe first edition was published.iIJSecondly it was to take the opportunity of alteringthe wording of the small number of provisions of the first edition which experience had shown were not working either as smoothly as they might or in the way whichhad been intended. The second edition of the CESMM is consequently not a radicalI,--departure from the first edition, but an update and general overhaul.The two most noticeable changes are the categorization and upgrading of theformer notes in the work classification and the introduction of a standard method ofmeasurement for sewer renovation work.The rearrangement of the former notesp7*1)is intended to make the document easier to use in two ways. Firstly, the notes have:been re-named rules in order to emphasize that their provisions govern how work**should be described and measured in civil engineering bills of quantities and thatthey have equal status with rules in any other part of the document. Secondly, theyhave been divided into four categories to indicate the four separate functions which1JT1,/ jJ»*Tthey perform and have, as far as possible, been laid out alongside the parts of theclassification tables to which they relate.The section for measurement of sewer renovation work has been introduced inorder to provide for the considerably increased volume of work of this type nowbeing undertaken. The method of measurement for sewer renovation in thisdocument is based upon that devised originally for the Water Research Centre andincluded in their standard specification.f **The Institution of Civil Engineers and theFederation of Civil Engineering Contractors acknowledge the assistance given bythe Water Research Centre in allowing this method of measurement to be embodiedin the CESMM." IJ jT\ .jn

FOREWORD TO THE THIRD EDITIONAlthoughthe secondeditionof theCivil EngineeringStandard Method ofMeasurement was published in 1985, a number of factors have combined tocause the need for a third edition. The main changes incorporated in the thirdedition (CESMM3) are amendments to enable its use with the ICE Conditions ofContract, sixth edition (January 1991), and the introduction of a standard methodof measurement for water rmainrenovationandfor simple building worksincidental to civil engineering works (classes Y and Z). Account has also beentake of developments in civil engineering technology and the opportunity taken tomake minor amendments and corrections to the text of the second edition. Thereare no changes in principle or in the general arrangement.The Review Committee is indebted to a number of organizations and sforamendmentThecommittee is particularly indebted to E. C. Harris: Quantity Surveying whoseproposals formed the basis for the new class Z. The work of analysing thecomments and suggestions and drafting CESMM3 was undertaken by Coopers &Lybrand Deloitte.The members of the Review Committee wereH. R. Oakley, CBEr FEng, MSc(Eng), FICE, ChairmanN. M. L Barnes, FEng, BSo(Eng), PhD, FJCE, FCIOB, AClArb, MBCS, CBIMMiss R. Beales, Barrister at-LawJ. Banyard, MICEH. A. Jones, MICE, SecretaryThe committee is indebted to Dr Barnes of Coopers and Lybrand Deloitte for hisinvaluable advice and assistance throughout.

SECTION 1.DEFINITIONS1.1. In this document and in Bills of Quantities prepared according to theprocedure set forth herein the following words and expressions have the meaningshereby assigned to them, except where the context otherwise requires.1.2. 'Conditions of Contract' means the ICE Conditions of Contract sixth edition(January 1991)#* prepared by the Institution of Civil Engineers jointly with theAssociation of Consulting Engineers and the Federation of Civil Engineering i"""""S1' Contractors.1.3.1Words and expressions defined in the Conditions of Contract have the sameimeanings herein.1.4. AH references to clauses are references to clauses numbered in the Conditionsof Contract and references to paragraphs are references to paragraphs numberedherein.j -* 1.5. The word 'work' includes work to be carried out, goods, materials and servicesto be supplied, and the liabilities, obligations and risks to be undertaken by the*Contractor under the Contract.\ m1.6. The expression 'expressly required' means shown on the Drawings, describedin the Specification or ordered by the Engineer pursuant to the Contract1.7. 'Bill of Quantities' means a list of items giving brief identifying descriptionsand estimated quantities of the work comprised in a Contract.1.8. 'Daywork' means the method of valuing work on the basis of time spent by theworkmen, the materials used and the plant employed.1.9. 'Work Classification' means the Work Classification set out in section 8.1.10.'Original Surface' means the surface of the ground before any work has been-I'm:I'«p'Final Surface' means the surface indicated on the Drawings to whichexcavation is.to be carried out.1.12.jj carried out.1.11.-'Commencing Surface' means, in relation to an item in a Bill of Quantities, thesurface of the ground before any work covered by the item has been carried out'Commencing Surface' means, in relation to a group of items in a Bill of Quantitiesfor work in different materials in an excavation or a bored, drilled or driven hole, the" '1J»' 5surface of the ground before any work covered by any item in the group has beenH1.13. 'Excavated Surface' means, in relation to an item in a Bill of Quantities, th'esurface to which excavation included in the work covered by the item is to be carriedout. 'Excavated Surface' means, in relation to a group of items in a Bill of Quantitiesfor excavation in different materials, the surface to which excavation included in the- carried out.!]iJwork covered by any item in the group is to be carried out.1.14.A hyphen between two dimensions means a range of dimensions whichincludes all dimensions exceeding that preceding the hyphen but not exceeding thatfollowing the hyphen.i': .1.15. 'BS' means British Standard. References to British Standards are deemedto include equivalent national standards of member states of the Europe

The Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement thjrd edjfion .(CES.MM3), has been approved by the sponsors—the Institution of Civil Engineers-jand the Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors—for use in works of civil engineering-construction. This third edition supersedes the second edition published in 1985. Reference to CESMM3 in the Appendix to the Form of Tender, as provided .