Homeowners’ Guide To Mortgage Solutions During The COVID .

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Homeowners’ Guide to Mortgage Solutionsduring the COVID-19 PandemicHousing Finance Policy Center, Urban InstituteJune 2020Many homeowners are experiencing financial hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic or are worriedthat they will experience such hardship soon. This guide will help homeowners who are worried aboutmaking their mortgage payments understand what help may be available and how to obtain it.Pay Your Mortgage If You Can Afford ItIf you cannot afford your next mortgage payment because of a recent job or income loss or otherfinancial hardship caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, you may be eligible for temporary mortgagepayment relief.Am I Eligible for Payment Relief?The relief available depends on the type of loan you have. The federal government’s Coronavirus Aid,Relief, and Economic Security Act, or CARES Act,1 requires specific options for borrowers with“federally backed” loans, which include loans owned or backed by these entities: Fannie Mae Freddie Mac the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) or the Federal HousingAdministration (FHA) (including federally insured reverse mortgages) the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Housing Service (RHS) the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)To learn more about who is involved in mortgage servicing, click here.21 Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, H.R. 748, 116th Cong. (2020).2 “Who Is Involved with Mortgage Servicing,” Urban Institute, Housing Finance Policy Center, accessed May 29,2020, involved-mortgage-servicing.500 L’Enfant Plaza SWWashington DC 20024urban.org

Use these resources to find out if you have a federally backed loan: Contact your loan servicer (the company that you send your monthly payments to).3 Go to https://www.knowyouroptions.com/loanlookup to see if you have a Fannie Mae loan. Go to https://ww3.freddiemac.com/corporate to see if you have a Freddie Mac loan. If you have a HUD/FHA loan, your mortgage statement might indicate that part of yourpayment goes to FHA insurance. Or check the first page of your closing documents from whenyou bought the house (HUD-1 statement or Closing Disclosure) for the loan type. If you have a VA loan, check your mortgage statement for specific references to the VA andclosing documents for fees paid to the VA. If you have a USDA/RHS loan, check your closing documents. A list of federal agencies and contact information is available here.4 If you cannot reach your loan servicer, you can write a letter to ask who owns, insures, orguarantees your loan. Make sure to send the letter to the address on your mortgage statementfor “requests for information.”If you do not have a federally backed loan, you may still be eligible for relief, but CARES Actrequirements do not apply, so the type of assistance available will vary.What Type of Assistance Is Available?Temporary Payment ReliefLoan servicers can agree to a temporary pause or reduction of your monthly payments (a forbearance). Aforbearance does not mean the missed payments are waived or forgiven; you will have to pay themback. If your loan is federally backed and you are experiencing a medical or financial hardship causedby the COVID-19 pandemic that makes you unable to make your mortgage payment»You are eligible to receive a forbearance for up to 180 days and then for up to an additional180 days upon request. In total, you are eligible to receive up to 12 months of forbearanceif you continue to face financial hardship. CARES Act forbearances may be available forperiods shorter than 180 days, such as 90 days, with further extensions available uponrequest.3 “Help Me Understand Mortgage Servicing,” Urban Institute, Housing Finance Policy Center, accessed May 28,2020, ce-policy-center/p hether the offer is legitimate or is a scam. See belowfor how to find a HUD-approved housing counseling agency.Do not agree to send money for your mortgage to anyone except your loan servicer.Where Can I Learn More about My Options for Relief or Assistance? Housing counselors at nonprofit or government agencies approved by HUD are trained to helphomeowners who are having problems making their mortgage payments. They can help youfind the best option for your situation.7 The service is free. The federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has extensive resources on its website,8 aswell as a simple and informative video about mortgage forbearance.9 Your loan servicer’s website is also likely to have more details on what your options are andhow to pursue them.Where Can I Find Help with My Mortgage If I Do Not Speak English? Your loan servicer may have staff who speak languages besides English or have access to oralinterpretation services to help you. Check with your servicer to see what assistance they canprovide.7“Talk to a Housing Counselor,” US Department of Housing and Urban Development, accessed May 28, 2020,https://www.hud.gov/i want to/talk to a housing counselor.8 “Mortgage and Housing Assistance during the Coronavirus National Emergency,” Consumer Financial ProtectionBureau, accessed May 28, 2020, ge-and-housingassistance/#options.9 “CARES Act Mortgage Forbearance: What You Needto Know,” Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, accessedMay 28, 2020, act-mortgage-forbearance-what-you-needknow/.6

Many HUD-approved housing counseling agencies have counselors who speak languagesbesides English. The list of counseling agencies is on HUD’s website,10 which indicates thelanguages in which each counseling agency can provide assistance. Common mortgage terms and forms are translated into Spanish, Korean, Chinese, andVietnamese here.11 A set of slides with information about the CARES Act relief available to renters andhomeowners is available in Korean12 and in Chinese.13A list of consumer-facing lender websites is available here.1410 “Talk to a Housing Counselor,” US Department of Housing and Urban Development.11 “Mortgage Translations Home,” Federal Housing Finance Agency, accessed May 28, ousing Finance Policy Center, “CARES Act: Policies for Homeowners and Renters (Korean Translation)”(Washington, DC: Urban Institute, res act policies for homeowners renters korean.pdf.13 Housing Finance Policy Center, “CARES Act:Policies for Homeowners and Renters (Chinese Translation)”(Washington, DC: Urban Institute, res act policies for homeowners renters chinese.pdf.14 “Directory of Servicer Contacts” (Philadelphia, National Housing Resource Center, 2020/05/Servicer-list-consumer-contact-only.pdf.7

AcknowledgmentsThe views expressed are those of the author and should not be attributed to the Urban Institute, itstrustees, or its funders. Funders do not determine research findings or the insights andrecommendations of Urban experts. Further information on the Urban Institute’s funding principles isavailable at www.urban.org/fundingprinciples.The Housing Finance Policy Center would like to thank the members of the Mortgage MarketsCOVID-19 Collaborative for contributing to this guide.ABOUT THE URBAN INST ITUTE500 L’Enfant Plaza SWWashington, DC 20024www.urban.orgThe nonprofit Urban Institute is dedicated to elevating the debate on social andeconomic policy. For nearly five decades, Urban scholars have conducted researchand offered evidence-based solutions that improve lives and strengthencommunities across a rapidly urbanizing world. Their objective research helpsexpand opportunities for all, reduce hardship among the most vulnerable, andstrengthen the effectiveness of the public sector.Copyright June 2020. Urban Institute. Permission is granted for reproduction ofthis file, with attribution to the Urban Institute.8

Jun 04, 2020 · If I Can Make My Mortgage Payment, Should I Pay, or Should I Save Up in Case I Lose My Job? If you can make your mortgage payment, pay your mortgage. The law provides for temporary payment relief for borrowers facing current financial hardship. This will also help keep call times