Career-Life-Work Series - Planning Your Career Workbook

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CareerLifeWorkPlanning Your CareerWorkbook

AcknowledgementsThe NWT Literacy Council gratefully acknowledges the financial assistance forthis project from the Department of Education, Culture and Employment,Government of the Northwest Territories.With thanks to Lisa Campbell for developing this resource for the NWT LiteracyCouncil.There are 10 manuals and workbooks in the Career – Life – Work series. Youwill find a list of them on the last page of this workbook. You can find thewhole series online at under the adult resources section.If you would like print copies, please contact the NWT Literacy Council.Box 761, Yellowknife, NT X1A 2N6Phone toll free: 1-866-599-6758Phone Yellowknife: (867) 873-9262Fax: (867) 873-2176Email: [email protected]: www.nwt.literacy.caISBN: 978-1-896472-41-6 (November 2012)

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkTable of ContentsAbout this Booklet . 2Some Terms You Should Know . 2Eight Steps to Planning Your Career . 3Step 1: Explore Your Interests . 5Step 2: Research Different Career Options . 10Step 3: List Your Transferable Skills . 13Step 4: What are the Career Prospects? . 19Step 5: Find a Mentor . 23Step 6: Job Shadow . 25Step 7: Find Out about Training and Education . 28Step 8: Do You Need to Upgrade? . 31Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook11

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkAbout this BookletPlanning a career and getting a job are two different things. The search for a jobbegins when you complete your education or when you need one, whereas acareer needs to be planned ahead of time. This booklet is about planning for yourcareer ahead of time. The aim of this booklet is to help you think about possibleoptions for your future career.Some Terms You Should KnowWhat do we mean by the term “career”?A career is the sum of our work activities – at home, at work, at school and in ourcommunities. A career includes the time we spend at our paid job. It includestaking care of a home and looking after children or the elderly. It includesvolunteer activities and the time we spend learning new things. A career is theoverall picture of what you do. Your career might be an educator, however youmight have held many different jobs during your career like teacher, earlychildhood educator, administrator, etc.What do we mean by the term “occupation”?An occupation is a group of similar jobs for which people usually have todevelop skills and knowledge. An occupation is a specific category of work. Aperson can have several jobs within an occupation. They can adapt theirknowledge and skills to a variety of positions. Examples of occupations includeelectrician, engineer and teacher.What do we mean by the term “job”?A job is a position a person holds that has specific duties. For example, youroccupation may be food and beverage server while your job is serving table atthe local diner. People usually change jobs more often than they changeoccupations.Career – Life – Work22Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkEight Steps to Planning Your CareerRead these eight steps. For each step there is an activity to help you plan for yourcareer. Fill in each handout for each step and by the end you will have a plan inplace to help you reach your goal.Step 1: Explore Your InterestsThis is a good first step to take before you decide on what career youwould like to go into. What do you really like doing when you're at work,when you're at home, or in your spare time? What excites you andenergizes you? What's your passion?Step 2: Research New CareersOnce you've discovered your passion, spend some time researching thetypes of careers that might interest you.Step 3: List Your Transferable SkillsThink about the different career options that you have looked into. What aresome of your transferable skills that would help in these occupations? Rememberthat transferable skills are the many skills that you have learned throughout yourlifetime. Some of these skills might be good communication skills, multi-tasking,excellent organization skills, ability to plan, computer skills, etc.Step 4: Check out the Career ProspectsFind out what the job prospects are for your chosen career in yourcommunity or region. You can talk to a Career Development Officer orlook at the job postings in your community or region.Step 5: Find a MentorLooking into a career path can be overwhelming. Find someone to talk to aboutyour career choices. It might be a Career Development Officer or someone who isin that particular career.Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook33

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 6: Job ShadowNarrow down your career choices to two occupations. Contact organizations orbusinesses to see if you can job shadow someone in that field for a day or two.This will give you a good idea of what the job is and if you would like to pursueit.Step 7: Find Out about Training and EducationYou may find it necessary to update your skills and education. You cantake it slowly. Find out where you can update your skills or education.You might only have to take a couple of computer courses or you mightneed to take a two year diploma program. Each career has differentrequirements.Step 8: Do You Need to Upgrade?You may need to do some upgrading before you can get into the program youwant. Find out what level of education you need to get into the program that youwant. Find out if you can get funding for upgrading. Some access programs atAurora College qualify for Student Financial Assistance.Career – Life – Work44Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 1: Explore Your Interests1Place a check mark ( ) under the Like column for those activities you like to do.Check ( ) under Dislike for those you are indifferent to, have never done, or donot like.ActivitiesLikeDislike(R) Realistic1. Fix electrical things2. Repair cars3. Fix mechanical things4. Build things with wood5. Drive a truck or other machinery6. Use metalworking or machine tools7. Take a course on woodworking or mechanicsTotal number of Ls(I) Investigative1. Read scientific books or magazines2. Work on a scientific project3. Build rocket models4. Read about special subjects on your own5. Solve math or chess puzzles6. Learn and understand weather cycles1 net/ws3.htmCareer – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook55

Planning Your Career Career Life Work7. Like to figure things outTotal number of Ls(A) Artistic1. Sketch, draw, or paint2. Sing in the choir or at church3. Play and practice a musical instrument4. Play in a band, group or orchestra5. Go to recitals, concerts, or musicals6. Write poetry or short stories7. Take an art courseTotal number of Ls(S) Social1. Connect with friends through email, Facebook orTwitter2. Attend religious services3. Belong to social clubs (make new friends)4. Help others with their personal problems5. Take care of children6. Attend meetings and conferences7. Go to sports eventsTotal number of Ls(E) Enterprising1. Influence othersCareer – Life – Work66Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life Work2. Sell something3. Discuss politics4. Operate your own service or business5. Attend conferences6. Give talks7. Meet important people (like politicians ormusicians)Total number of Ls(C) Conventional1. Keep your desk and room neat2. Add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers inbusiness or bookkeeping3. Love learning and using new technology(computer, iPad, etc.)4. Keep detailed records of expenses5. Have excellent typing skills6. Write business letters7. File letters, reports, records according to needTotal number of LsCareer – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook77

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkSummary (number of Ls for each category) # of ingConventionalLook at Your InterestsEveryone is different, so your likes and dislikes will be unique to you. However,it is possible to guess where you will best fit into the world of work. Write eachrank beside each interest category below. The category with the most Ls willrank #1, the category with the least will rank # 6.(R) RealisticRealistic people like making things with their hands, have good hand-eyecoordination and dexterity. They prefer jobs such as mechanic, constructionworker, x-ray technician, carpenter or carpenter helper.(I) InvestigativeInvestigative people like to do research, to try to understand things around them,and usually prefer working alone or in a small group. They look for thefollowing types of jobs: biologist, engineer, researcher, meteorologist,environmental monitor, taxidermist, dietitian, repair person, or computeroperator.Career – Life – Work88Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life Work(A) Artistic: People who fit this type of personality express themselves bytheir artwork. They like a work place to be flexible and they like to be creative intheir work. You find this type of person among hairdressers, actors, writers,poets, dance instructors, camera people, clowns, interior designers, painters,photographers, or translators.(S) Social: These type of people look for jobs where they can enter intorelations with other people and help others, whether it is as a teacher, nurse,playground supervisor, career counsellor, social worker, parole officer,bartender, waiter/ waitress, swimming instructor, community support worker,janitor, child care worker, youth worker or ambulance attendant.(E) Enterprising: Enterprising people express themselves easily and aregood at convincing others to think the same way they do. They look for positionswith power and prestige, and you often find them in jobs such as real estateagent, sales, store manager, bank manager, foreperson, head chef, or salesrepresentative.(C) Conventional: People who fit the conventional type look for order,minute detail, and structured work. They like jobs where rules and orders areclear and where they can complete an assigned task on time. You often find themin jobs such as office assistant, receptionist, computer programmer, recordskeeper, cashier, sewing machine operator, bookkeeper, filing clerk, telephoneoperator, warehouse person or shopkeeper.What occupations interest you most? Choose three from the above or chooseother ones that interest you.1.2.3.Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook99

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 2: Research Different Career OptionsUse the three occupations that you chose from the previous page to fill in thechart below. You will need to do some research on each particular occupation.You can look up the job on the National Occupation Classification website foundat me.aspxor you can dosome research in your own community about the occupation.For ExampleOccupationEducation NeededSkills NeededEarly ChildhoodEducatorEarly ChildhoodCertificate (College)Communicate well with parentsand childrenHelp children solve problemsWork with othersRead to childrenOrganize activitiesHeavy EquipmentOperatorHeavy EquipmentOperator Program(College)Communicate well with othersDrive a variety of trucks andtractorsGood attitudePut safety firstWriting skillsYour Turn!OccupationEducation NeededSkills NeededCareer – Life – Work1010Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkMore on Different Career OptionsYou have already researched three different occupations. This activity allowsyou to look into different occupations that you might not have thought of.1. Think of two people you know who are in jobs/careers you feel would beideally suited to you.What are the jobs?2. Ask someone else about jobs/careers they feel would be good for you. Oftenothers can suggest possibilities that do not occur to you. List theirsuggestions.3. Select three jobs that sound interesting from the above. Find out what skillsand education you need for each job.Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook1111

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupationEducation NeededSkills NeededCareer – Life – Work1212Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 3: List Your Transferable SkillsTransferable skills are skills that we have learned throughout our lives. You havealready looked at your transferable skills in the previous section.Here is a list of transferable skills that are needed for many different jobs. Check( ) off the ones that you have.Good communicatorOrganizational skillsAble to planExcellent computer skillsCan speak two languages Good at researchSensitive to othersGood with detailsLike to teach othersHave good ideasTake initiativeEnjoy working withothersGood with childrenCan problem solveLike to readGood writerGood with numbersGood at selling thingsSupportive to othersGood listenerGood at public speakingHow can your transferable skills help you with your career choice? Choose threeoccupations that you researched in Step 2. List three skills that are needed foreach occupation and then match your skills to them. You can find the skillsneeded for each occupation on the National Occupation Classification websitefound at me.aspx.Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook1313

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkFor ExampleOccupation: Early Childhood EducatorSkillDo you havethis skill?How did you learn this skill?OralYescommunicationI have very good oral communication skillsthat I learned from raising my children. I hadto learn how to communicate with them sothey would listen to me. I speak clearly andhave high expectations. I read, sing and talk tomy children. I also have learned to talk to theschool about my children in a respectful way.We work together to make sure my childrenare doing well.ProblemsolvingYesI often have to problem solve with mychildren to help them work things out. Alsowhen my children are sick I need to problemsolve to figure out what is the best thing Ishould do. Should I bring them to emergencyor call TeleHealth?Working withothersYesI have worked well with others on differentprojects that I have been involved with. Atschool I was part of a team that workedtogether to organize a family fun night. I havevolunteered at the school to read to childrenand have worked well with the teachers.Career – Life – Work1414Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupation: Heavy Equipment OperatorSkillDo you havethis skill?How did you learn this skill?Driving skillsYesI am a good driver. I have had my driver’slicense for 10 years with no accidents. I amconfident about driving and think these skillswill transfer to driving heavy equipment.Pay attentionto detailYesI am a very detail oriented person. I know thatyou have to be very detailed and precise onprocedures when driving for a living. Safety isthe number one issue for many employers andmy ability to pay attention to detail will helpme and others be safe on the job. I learned thisskill by working with my dad out-on-the-land.We had to be very precise and careful whenwe went hunting in extreme temperatures.Working withothersYesMostly when you drive a truck it is on yourown, however you still have to work withothers at the beginning of the day to getorganized and you have to listen toinstructions carefully. I am a good listener andI work well with others. I have worked onmany building projects where I have workedwell with others and have learned to listenfirst and then ask questions.Career – Life – Work15Planning Your Career Workbook15

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkYour Turn!Occupation:SkillDo you haveHow did you learn this skill?this skill?Career – Life – Work1616Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupation:SkillDo you haveHow did you learn this skill?this skill?Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook1717

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupation:SkillDo you haveHow did you learn this skill?this skill?Career – Life – Work1818Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 4: What are the Career Prospects?Narrow down your career choices to two occupations. Find out what the jobprospects are for your two occupations in your community or region. You needto make sure that there are jobs available in your chosen career path. You cantalk to a Career Development Officer, look at job advertisements in yourcommunity or region or contact potential employers in your chosen field.Part 1: Look on the Internet to see if any jobs are advertised for your two choices. http://www.jobbank.gc.caPart 2: Talk to a Career Development Officer about your two career options.Write down questions to ask him or her.Part 1: Look on the Internet for Job AdvertisementsFor ExampleOccupation: Early Childhood EducatorJob PostingWhereWageLive in CaregiverPrivate home 1,845 per month plus roomand boardInfant WorkerHay River Reserve –Katlodeeche First NationNot givenCaregiverPrivate home 11 per hourCareer – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook1919

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupation: Heavy Equipment OperatorJob PostingWhereWageHeavy Equipment RTLOperators(Backhoe, Loader,Dozer, Grader) 25 per hourClass 3 Driverswith AirEndorsementCorothers Home BuildingCentreNot givenHaul TruckDriversRio Tinto (Diavik) 80,000 with benefitsYour Turn!Occupation 1:Job PostingWhereCareer – Life – Work20Wage20Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkOccupation 2:Job PostingWhereWagePart 2: Questions to ask a Career Development OfficerFor Example What are the job prospects for a daycare worker in my community? What is the pay level for a daycare worker? How do I open a licensed day home? What are the advantages and disadvantages to running my own dayhome?Career – Life – WorkPlanning Your Career Workbook2121

Planning Your Career Career Life Work What are the job prospects for a heavy equipment operator in mycommunity? What is the pay level for a heavy equipment operator in mycommunity or at one of the mines? How do I get enough experience so I can get a job? What are the advantages and disadvantages to running my own dayhome?Your Turn!Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Career – Life – Work2222Planning Your Career Workbook

Planning Your Career Career Life WorkStep 5: Find a MentorLooking into a career path can be overwhelming. Find someone to talk to aboutyour career choices. It might be a career counselor or someone who is in thatparticular career.List potential places to call to find out if someone will talk to you about yourchosen career.For ExampleOccupation: Early Childhood Educator1. Yellowknife Daycare2. Little Friends Dayhome3. Early Childhood Consultant at Education, Culture and Employment4. Career Development Officer at your Regional ECE Services Centre5. Aurora CollegeOccupation: Heavy Equipment Operator1. RTL-Robinson Enterprises Ltd.2. NTCL –

Planning our areer Workbook 3 Planning Your Career Career Life rk Career – Life – Work 3 Eight Steps to Planning Your Career Read these eight steps. For each step there is an activity to help you plan for your career. Fill in each handout for each step and by the end you will have a plan in place to help you reach your goal.