Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 . - SDC Publications

7m ago
15 Views
0 Downloads
685.63 KB
33 Pages
Last View : 2d ago
Last Download : n/a
Upload by : Sasha Niles
Transcription

AutodeskArchitectural Desktop 2004FundamentalsElise MossSDCPUBLICATIONSSchroff Development Corporationwww.schroff.comwww.schroff-europe.com

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 FundamentalsLesson 3Floor PlansThe floor plan is central to any architectural drawing. We start by placing the exteriorwalls, then the interior walls, then doors, and finally windows.Exercise 3-1:Creating Exterior WallsDrawing Name:Estimated Time:New15 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: Create WallsTIP: Walls are automatically created on the layer assigned by palette properties.Tool PaletteCommand LineWallsWallAddTIP: If you draw a wall and the materials composing the wall are on the wrong side,you can reverse the direction of the wall. Simply select the wall, right click and selectthe Reverse option from the menu.TIP: You can convert lines, arcs, circles, or polylines to walls. If you have created afloor plan in AutoCAD and want to convert it to 3D, open the floor plan drawinginside of ADT. Use the Convert to Walls tool to transform your floor plan into walls.3-1

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals1.2.Start a new drawing using QNEW.Launch the Tool Palette.Select the Walls tab.Select the CMU-8RIGID-1.5 Air-2Brick-4: wall style.3.Toggle ORTHO ON.Start the wall at 0,0.Create a rectangle 60′ tall and 30′ wide.4.Select the Work tab.5.You see that the walls you placed are really 3-dimensional.Save your drawing as Ex3-1.dwg.3-2

Lesson 3 - Floor PlansExercise 3-2:Convert to WallsDrawing Name:Estimated Time:ex3-1.dwg60 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: 1.Convert to WallsCreating Interior WallsOpen ex3-1.dwg.2.Create the layout shown usinglines or polylines. (It may behelpful to turn off the A-Wallslayer while you are workingand create your lines on layer0).Do not add the dimensionsor the text to your drawing.They are there to help youplace the lines only.Don’t draw using rectangles ifyou are going to use theCONVERT method or youwill get duplication of linesover lines, which will affectthe wall creation.If you do not want to spendtime creating the floor plan,you can download the drawing‘floor plan.dwg’ fromwww.schroff1.com.3-3

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals3.Locate the Stud-4 GWB-0.625Each Side: wall style.4.Highlight the wall tool.Right click and select Apply Tool Properties to Linework.5.Select all the interior polylines you just created.You are prompted if you want to erase the layout geometry. Type Y for Yes.6.7.Your walls appear. Some walls maynot be aligned with others, and wallcleanup error symbols may appear aswell.Switch to the Work tab so you can see how your house looks in 3D.3-4

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans8.Save the file as ex3-2.dwg.Exercise 3-3:Wall CleanupDrawing Name:Estimated Time:ex3-2.dwg15 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: Modifying WallsWall ToolsIf your walls are all clean, you can skip this exercise.1.Open ex3-2.dwg.2.Select the Model Tab.Zoom into the area indicated.3-5

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals3.Our closet walls are not even. This is becausethe lines we converted to walls were drawn indifferent directions.When you see a red circle like the ones shown,this is considered a ‘defect condition.’4.Select one of the walls.Right click and select Reverse.5.Use the middle blue groupto line up the walls.3-6

Lesson 3 - Floor PlansNext, we delete the wall indicated.6.Select the Break tool.Select the point indicated for the Break.3-7

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals7.Select the General Drafting tab on the ToolPalette.8.Select the Fillet-0″ tool.9.Select the walls so they trim as shown.Use the Break tool to break the walls at the pointsindicated.3-8

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans10.Select the three walls highlighted.Select the Properties tool.11.Select the CMU-8 Wall Style fromthe drop-down.One of the corners needs to be cleaned up.Select the horizontal wall.Right click and select Cleanups Apply ‘L’ Cleanup.12.13.Select the vertical wall.The walls clean up.3-9

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals14. Use the Reverse tool to clean up any wall defects.You can also select the wall and then select the middle blue arrow to reverse thewall direction.15. Save as ex3-3.dwg.TIP: To create a freestanding door, press the ENTER key when prompted to pick awall. You can then use the grips on the door entity to move and place the doorwherever you like.To move a door along a wall, use Door- Reposition- Along Wall. Use the OSNAPFrom option to locate a door a specific distance from an adjoining wall.3-10

Lesson 3 - Floor PlansExercise 3-4:Adding Closet DoorsDrawing Name:Estimated Time:Ex3-3.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: 1.Adding DoorsOpen ex3-3.dwg.2.Locate the Bifold-Double door on the Doors tabof the Tool Palette.3.Highlight the Bifold-Double door.Right click and select Properties.4.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the Standard sizes to6′-0″ x 6′-8″.Set the Opening percentage to50.A 25% opening will show a doorswing at a 45-degree angle.The value of the Opening percentage determines the angle of the arc swing. A 50%value indicates the door will appear half-open at a 90-degree angle.3-11

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals5.Expand the Location section.Set Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to 1′-2 1/2″.(This will center the closet doors along the wall.)Press OK to close the Properties dialog.TIP: Note the vertical alignment field. It defaults to a threshold height of 0″ fordoors and a head height of 6′8″ for windows. You will need to adjust these defaults inmulti-story buildings.6.Place the Bifold Double doors at the two closets.The orientation of the door swing is determined by the wall side selected.In both cases, you want to select the outside face of the wall.3-12

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans7.Place a Bi-fold Double doorin the wall shown.The door will be too wide forthe wall.Select the door.Right click and selectProperties.8.Change the Standard size to5′-8″ x 6′-8″.Close the Properties dialog.The door is updated.9.Save as ex3-4.dwg.3-13

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 FundamentalsExercise 3-5:Adding Interior DoorsDrawing Name:Estimated Time:Lesson 4.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: Adding DoorsWe will add single hinge doors in the areas shown.You will need to do some wall cleanup to get the rooms to look proper.Use AddWall, Extend, and Trim.Try to keep the walls so they line up to keep the floor plan looking clean.3-14

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans1.Open ex3-4.dwg.2.Locate the Single Hinged door on the Doors tab of the Tool Palette.Right click and select Properties.3.Expand the Dimensionssection.Set the Standard sizes to2′-6″ x 8′-0″.Set the Swing angle to 25.4.Set the Position along wallto Offset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to6″.Press OK.5.Save the file ex3-5.dwg.Exercise 3-6:Add OpeningDrawing Name:Estimated Time:ex3-5.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: Adding OpeningsOpening PropertiesCopying ToolsSet Image from SelectionOpenings can be any size and elevation. They can be applied to a wall or befreestanding. Openings are placed on Layer A-Wall-Open. The Add Opening Propertiesallow the user to either select a Pre-defined shape for the opening or use a custom shape.3-15

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals1.Open ex3-5.dwg.2.Locate the Opening on the Design tab of theTool Palette.Copy a Tool3.Right click and select Copy.4.Select the Doors tab.Right click and select Paste.5.Highlight the copied tool.Right click and select Properties.3-16

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans6.Change the Name to Arched Opening.Change the Description toCreates an arched opening object.Expand the General section.Set the Description toCreates an Arched Opening.Set the Layer key toOPENING.Set the Shape to Arch.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the Width to 3′-0″.Set the Height to 6′-8″.Set the Rise to 2′-0″.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to3′-4″.Press OK.7.Place the arched opening in the dining roomwall.8.Use View 3D orbit to view the arched opening.Create an Image for a Tool3-17

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals9.Select the Arched Opening icon.Right click and selectSet Image from Selection Pick the arched opening you created.The icon updates to show an arched opening.Next we place a rectangular opening in the locationindicated.10.Select the Cased Opening tool.11.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the Width to 6′-0″.Set the Height to 6′-8″.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall to Offset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to 6″.3-18

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans12.Place the opening in the wallbetween the kitchen and the diningroom.13.Select the Work tab to view the openings.Select the Model tab.14.Place a rectangular opening between the kitchenand the family room.This is our floor plan so far.The view is set to Low Detail androtated 90 degrees.15. Save the file as ex3-6.dwg.3-19

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 FundamentalsExercise 3-7:Adding DoorsDrawing Name:Estimated Time:ex3-6.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: 1.Adding DoorsOpen ex3-6.dwg.We will add an entry door on the wallindicated.2.Select the Hinged-Double-Exterior door.3.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the Standard size to 4′-0″ x 6′-8″.Set the Swing angle to 0.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to 6″.3-20

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans4.Place the door so it is centered in the wall.5.Select the Overhead-Sectional door.6.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the Standard size to 8′-0″ x 7′-0″.Set the Swing angle to 0.7.Place the door in the garagewall.3-21

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals8.Switch to the Work tab toview the garage door andfront entry door.Switch back to the Modeltab.Next we add a sliding door tothe family room wallindicated.9.Select a Sliding Door –Double Full Lite to add tothe family room.10.Set the Standard Size to8′-0″ x 7′-0″.Set the Opening percent to 0.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to 4′-0″.3-22

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans11.Place the sliding door.Select the Work tab to view your model.12. Save the file as ex3-7.dwg.3-23

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 FundamentalsExercise 3-8:Add Window AssembliesDrawing Name:Estimated Time:Lesson 3-7.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: 1.Add WindowsOpen ex3-7.dwg.Select the Model tab.2.Select the Windows tab of the Tool Palette.Select the Casement-Double window.3.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the size to 2′-10″ x 3′-0″.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Offset to 10′-0″.Note the vertical alignment controlsshifts to head height, at 4′8″.4.Select the wall shown and theendpoint indicated.The endpoint is where the offsetis calculated from.3-24

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans5.Select the Casement-Doublewindow again.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Offset to 6′-2″.6.Place the window on the vertical master bedroomwall.Remember – if you don’t like theposition of any of the Windows, you canreposition them.Just select the window, right click, andselect ‘Reposition Along Wall.’Place a window in Bathroom #2.3-25

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals7.Select the Casement: Single Casement window.8.Expand the Dimensions section.Set the size to 2′-0″ x 3′-0″.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Offset to 3′-1″.9.Place the window in the wall indicated.10.Place a 2′-10″ x 3′-0″ Double Casement window in Bedroom #1 using a 4′-8″ offset.3-26

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans11.Place a 2′-10″ x 3′-0″ Double Casementwindow in Bedroom #1 using a 4′-8″ offseton the left vertical wall.12.Place a 2′-10″ x 3′-0″ Double Casementwindow in Bedroom #2 using a 6′-8″ offseton the left vertical wall.13.Locate the Picture- Arched to place in the left diningroom wall.3-27

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals14.Expand the Dimensionssection.Set the size to 2′-10″ x 4′-10″Rise 5″.Expand the Location section.Set the Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Offset to 8′-0″.Place the window.15.Add a 2′-0″ x 3′-0″ Casement: Single window usinga 5′-2″ offset.3-28

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans16.Place an 3′-0″ x 4.5″ Rise 5″Arched Picture window with anoffset of 0″ on each side of the entrydoor in the right living room wall.Your floor plan should look similar to the one shown here.17. Save as ex3-8.dwg.3-29

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 FundamentalsExercise 3-9:Adding a FireplaceDrawing Name:Estimated Time:Lesson 3-8.dwg30 minutesThis exercise reinforces the following skills: Adding Complex GeometryAdding OpeningsIn this exercise, we add a fireplace to the family room. You can download the fireplacefrom the publisher’s website or use the fireplace created in Lesson 1.1.2.3.Open ex3-8.dwg.Select the Model tab.Select the Design Center tool.Select the Folders tab.Locate the fireplace with chimney.dwg file.Drag and drop into your active window.When prompted for the scale, set the scale to ½ size.Close the Design Center.Explode the fireplace with chimney block, so you can control the display ofthe mass elements and mass groups.4.Set the Display Configuration to Low Detail tomake it easier to locate the fireplace.5.Move the fireplace so it aligned withthe wall.We need to add an opening for theflue.3-30

Lesson 3 - Floor Plans6.Select the Opening tool on the Design tab.Set the Width to 3′-0″.Set the Height to 3′-0″.Set Position along wall toOffset/Center.Set the Automatic offset to 0″.7.Place the opening so it is centered on the fireplace.3-31

Autodesk Architectural Desktop 2004 Fundamentals8.Activate the Mass Groups display configurationto turn off the display of mass elements.Use 3D orbit to view your fireplace and ensurethat the opening and fireplace are aligned.9.Save as ex3-9.dwg.3-32

view the garage door and front entry door. Switch back to the Model tab. Next we add a sliding door to the family room wall indicated. 9. Select a Sliding Door –Double Full Lite to add to the family room. 10. Set the Standard Size to 8′-0″ x 7′-0″. Set the Opening percent to 0. Ex