Slip, Trip, and Fall Prevention GuidePresentation:Risk Management Office2016
ObjectivesThe objectives of the Slip, Trip and FallPrevention Guide are to provide direction on: a) Identifying working environments whereslip, trip and fall hazards are most likely tooccur. b) Eliminating identified slip, trip and fallhazards. c) Training University employees whoabout prevention of slip, trip and fallhazards.
Issue: Slip Trip and Fall (STF) STFs are a major contributor to serious injuries in the workplace.STFs occur in any part of the workplace whether inside or outside.STFs may result in serious outcomes.STFs cost to both worker and employer can be great.STFs is like stepping on money.To: WorkerTo: Employer pain lost wages temporary or permanent disability reduced quality of life depression loss in productivity and business increased industrial insurance premiums costs associated with training replacementworker cost of medical treatment
Definition: Slip Trip and Fall (STF)When there is too little friction or traction betweenyour feet (footwear) and the walking or workingsurface, or there is a spill and you lose yourbalance.Definition of STF Friction:The resistance encountered when an object (foot) is moved in contactwith another ground).Friction is necessary in order to walk without slipping.
Common Types of Slip Trip and Fall (STF) Sprains, strains Bruises, contusions Fractures Abrasions, experts/newsdisc.aspx?id 29
Commonly Affected Body Parts Knee, Ankle, Foot Wrist, Elbow Back Shoulder Hip Head
Why Invest in SLIP TRIP AND FALL PreventionAccording to the CDC-NIOSH Workplace Safety & Health: Fall Injuries Prevention in the Workplace online report “fall incidentshave been estimated at approximately 70 billion annually in the United Sates [NSC 2002]. “
Human Factors Leading to Slip Trip and Fall (STF)Health and physical conditioncan impair a person’s vision, judgment, and balance.Poor housekeeping (allowing clutter to accumulate, notmaintaining clean dry floors, etc.)- Eyesight, visual perception- Age- Physical state, fatigue- Stress, illness-Medications, alcohol, drugUsing improper cleaning methods(e.g., incorrectly using wax or polish; or trying to clean upgrease spill with water)Not using signagewhen slip or trip hazards existBehaviours –actions you choose and control can contribute to a slip,trip, and fall injury if you set yourself up for one.Inattentive Behavior: walking, distractions (e.g., using cellphone, talking and not watching where you’re going, etc.)Carrying or moving cumbersome objects, or too manyobjects, that obstruct your view impair your balance andprevent you from holding onto handrailsTaking shortcuts;not using walkways or designated, cleared pathways;being in a hurry, rushing around
Factors Increasing the Risk of Slips, Trips and FallsThick wires left in walkways can createtripping hazardWire appliances so that their powercords do not stretch acrosswalkways and create a trippinghazard.Clutter Wet surfaces Improper footwear Hazardous floorsKeep walkways free of clutter
Factors Increasing the Risk of Slip Trip and FallNot Paying AttentionPreoccupationImproper Method of Carrying Itemsdown walkway/stairs
ADAAG- 4.5 Ground and Floor SurfacesThe Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 defines a “trip hazard” as any vertical change over 1/4 inchor more at any joint or crack. Since the ADA demands strict compliance, trip hazards can represent a legalliability to the University.4.5.1* GeneralSince the coefficient of friction on ground and floor surfaces varies considerably due to the presence ofcontaminants, water, and other factors not under the control of the designer or builder employees must reportall such occurrences to prevent injuries to themselves or nce with the ada for itm/comply comp1.html
Slip, Trip and Fall HazardPROBLEMSlip: if it is wet outside and the mat isfolded back, then the floor is getting wetinstead of the mat absorbing the water.Trip: the mat is folded back andsomeone could catch their foot on themat and trip.Fall: both a wet floor and caught footcould contribute to a fall.Report this danger!
Accidents are Preventable! Close file cabinet or storage drawers Report cables/wires that cross walkway Keep working areas and walkways well lit and clear Report burned out bulbs Be aware of your surroundings and report anyperceived danger
Do Not22.214.171.124.5.6.Prop fire doors open.Store materials in stairwells.Store trash cans in front of doorway.Use cinderblock to prop open the doors.Use chair to block an emergency cut-off valve.Place chairs in dangerous areas. For example, thechair in the picture could represent a struckagainst hazard.Someone could sit in the chair, and strike their head onthe pipe and valve behind it.This chair could also encourage smoking in thestairwell.
Can you Identify the HazardThis slide represents a trip hazard. Here youcan see an electrical cord in the middle of thewalkway. This cord is plugged into anelectrical outlet.Contact Facilities Management to rearrangethe room so that the piece of equipment isclose to the outlet or have an additionaloutlet installed.If there is no way to rearrange the room orinstall a new outlet, then run the cord up thewall across the ceiling and down the wall toprevent the trip and fall hazard.The last resort would be to tape down thecord or use a cord cover as a means ofpreventing someone from STF.Report this danger !
Be Mindful of these Other Causes of Injuries BitesVehicle – cars, golf carts, buses, etcBurnsNeedles/Scales – sticks, pricksElectrical devise - shocksFalling objectsCARE MUST BE TAKEN TO PREVENT INJURIESTHAT MEANS YOU!
QuestionsE-Mail: [email protected]
ResourcesNova Southeastern UniversityRisk Management Office3100 SW 9th Avenue,Suite 422Fort Lauderdale, Fl 33315Tel: (954) 262-5404 * (954) 262-6860 (fax)E-Mail: [email protected] EntityCannon Cochran Management Services, Inc.2600 Lake Lucien Drive l Suite 225 l Maitland, FL 32751866‐291‐0194 l 407-660-5637 l [email protected]
References WISHAhttp://www.lni.wa.gov/ National Floor Safety Institutehttp://www.nfsi.org/ American National Standards Institutehttp://www.ansi.org/ OSHAhttp://www.osha.gov NIOSHhttp://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/falls/#NSC
Thank You .for taking the time to learn about safety and health andhow to prevent future injuries and illnesses.Your Risk Management Team
The objectives of the Slip, Trip and Fall Prevention Guide are to provide direction on: a) Identifying working environments where slip, trip and fall hazards are most likely to occur. b) Eliminating identified slip, trip and fall hazards. c) Training University employees who about pr