Typed Resource Definitions

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U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyTyped ResourceDefinitionsSearch and Rescue ResourcesFEMA 508-8August 2007

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyBackgroundThe National Mutual Aid and Resource Management Initiative supports theNational Incident Management System (NIMS) by establishing acomprehensive, integrated national mutual aid and resource managementsystem that provides the basis to type, order, and track all (Federal, State, andlocal) response assets.ResourceTypingFor ease of ordering and tracking, response assets need to be categorized viaresource typing. Resource typing is the categorization and description ofresources that are commonly exchanged in disasters via mutual aid, bycapacity and/or capability. Through resource typing, disciplines examineresources and identify the capabilities of a resource’s components (i.e.,personnel, equipment, training). During a disaster, an emergency managerknows what capability a resource needs to have to respond efficiently andeffectively. Resource typing definitions will help define resource capabilitiesfor ease of ordering and mobilization during a disaster. As a result of theresource typing process, a resource’s capability is readily defined and anemergency manager is able to effectively and efficiently request and receiveresources through mutual aid during times of disaster.Web SiteFor more information, you can also refer to the National Mutual Aid andResource Management Web site located at:http://www.fema.gov/nims/mutual aid.shtm.SupersedureThis document replaces Search and Rescue Resources, dated May 2005ChangesChanged the name of the Swiftwater/Flood Search and Dive Rescue Team toSwiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Team. Also added a reference source tothe Comments section.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 2 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyTable of ContentsBackground . 2Resource Typing . 2Web Site . 2Supersedure . 2Changes . 2Canine Search and Rescue Team – Disaster/Structure Collapse Live . 5Canine Search and Rescue Team – Disaster/Structure Collapse Human Remains. 6Canine Search and Rescue Team – Land Human Remains . 7Canine Search and Rescue Team – Water Human Remains . 8Canine Search and Rescue Team – Land Live . 9Urban Search and Rescue Task Force. 11Mine Search and Rescue Team, Abandoned Mine . 12Cave Search and Rescue Team . 15Mountain & Technical Search and Rescue Team; Technical Rescue Team . 20Land Search and Rescue Team . 24Structure Collapse Rescue Squad . 28Structure Collapse Search Squad . 29Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Team . 30FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 3 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyCANINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM – DISASTER/STRUCTURE COLLAPSE LIVERESOURCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITeamPersonnel1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Disaster/StructuralCollapse Live- Heavy)1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Disaster/StructuralCollapse Live- Medium)1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchTechnician, Disaster/StructuralCollapse- Light)TeamCapabilitiesSearch for and detect livehuman scent in failed heavyframe structures and naturaldebris fields.Search for and detect livehuman scent in failed mediumframe structures and naturaldebris fields.Search for and detect livehuman scent in failed lightframe structures and naturaldebris fields.TeamOperationsSelf-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.TeamEquipmentPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS: Heavy frame includes heavy floor construction, pre-cast concrete construction, and steel frame construction. Medium frame includes heavy wall construction. Light frame includes wood frameconstruction. A canine search team must operate in conjunction with a support person who is, NIMS Credentialed as a Structural Collapse Search or Rescue Technician or highereither as part of the team or provided by the requesting organization.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 4 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyCANINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM – DISASTER/STRUCTURE COLLAPSE HUMAN REMAINSRESOURCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamPersonnel1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Disaster/StructurelCollapse Human RemainsHeavy)1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Disaster/StructureCollapse Human RemainsMedium)TeamCapabilitiesSearch for and detect humanremains in failed heavy framestructures and natural debrisfields.Search for and detect humanremains in failed medium andlight frame structures andnatural debris fields.TeamOperationsSelf-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.TeamEquipmentPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsTYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS: Heavy frame includes heavy floor construction, pre-cast concrete construction, and steel frame construction. Medium frame includes heavy wall construction. Light frame includes wood frameconstruction. A canine search team must operate in conjunction with a support person who is, NIMS Credentialed as a Structural Collapse Search or Rescue Technician or highereither as part of the team or provided by the requesting organization.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 5 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyCANINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM – LAND HUMAN REMAINSRESOURCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamPersonnel1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Land HumanRemains, Small Quantity)1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Land HumanRemains, Large Quantity)TeamCapabilitiesCapable of locating less than15 grams of human remainsoutside of the collapsedstructure environment.Capable of locating 15 gramsor more of human remainsoutside of the collapsedstructure environment.TeamOperationsSelf-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.TeamEquipmentPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsTYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS: A canine search team must operate in conjunction with a support person who is NIMS Credentialed as a Search and Rescue Technician, Land or higher either as part of theteam or provided by the requesting organization.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 6 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyCANINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM – WATER HUMAN REMAINSRESOURCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamPersonnel1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Swiftwater)1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Stillwater)TeamCapabilitiesCapable of workingswiftwater/stillwaterenvironments.Capable of working stillwaterenvironments.TYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERTrained and equipped toTrained and equipped toperform search ops from shoreperform search ops from shore and from watercraft.and from watercraftTeamOperationsSelf-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.TeamEquipmentPersonal Protective Equipment,including: Water Helmet; ClassV Water Vest; Canine PFD,Throw RopeFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective Equipment,including: Class III- V WaterVest; Canine PFD, Throw RopeFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsCOMMENTS: Note: A canine search team must operate in conjunction with a support person. For a Type II team this individual must be NIMS Credentialed as a Search and RescueTechnician, Land or higher. For a Type I team this individual must be NIMS Credentialed as a Swiftwater/Flood Rescue Technician or higher.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 7 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyCANINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM – LAND LIVERESOURCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICKIND:TYPE ITYPE IITeamPersonnel1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Land Live, Large1 Dog, 1 Handler (NIMSCredentialed Canine SearchSpecialist, Land Live, Small)TeamCapabilitiesSearching for live subjectswithin areas of approximately160 acres in daylight and 40acres at night.Searching for live subjectswithin areas of approximately40 acres in daylight.TeamOperationsSelf-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.Self-sustaining for 24 hours.Capable of 12 hour searchoperations.TeamEquipmentPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsPersonal Protective EquipmentFood and WaterBasic First AidIntra-team communicationsTYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS: Note: A canine search team must operate in conjunction with a support person who is NIMS Credentialed as a Search and Rescue Technician, Land or higher either as part ofthe team or provided by the requesting organization.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 8 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEURBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE TASK FORCECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTPersonnelKIND:TYPE IMETRICTYPE IITeamTYPE IIITraining andCertification70 person29 person28 personComply with NFPA 1006 andNFPA 472 requirements fortheir area of specialization ororganization operations levelfor support personnel asoutlined in NFPA 1670.Comply with NFPA 1006 andNFPA 472 requirements fortheir area of specialization ororganization operations levelfor support personnel asoutlined in NFPA 1670.Comply with NFPA 1006 andNFPA 472 requirements fortheir area of specialization ororganization operations levelfor support personnel asoutlined in NFPA 1670.TeamTrainingTrained for Heavy FloorConstruction, Pre-castConcrete Construction, SteelFrame Construction, HighAngle Rope Rescue (includinghighline systems), ConfinedSpace Rescue (permitrequired), and MassTransportation RescueTrained for Heavy FloorConstruction, Pre-castConcrete Construction, SteelFrame Construction, HighAngle Rope Rescue (includinghighline systems), ConfinedSpace Rescue (permitrequired), and MassTransportation RescueTrained for Light FrameConstructionTeamSustainedOperationsCapable of continuous 24 houroperationsCapable of heavy operationsfor 12 hoursCapable of light operations for12 hoursTeamCertificationsNIMS credentialed consistentwith applicable jobrequirementsNIMS credentialed consistentwith applicable jobrequirementsNIMS credentialed consistentwith applicable jobrequirementsTeamEquipmentConsistent with FEMA US&RStandardized Cache List forType I Task ForceConsistent with FIRESCOPEStandardized Equipment Listfor Regional Task ForcesConsistent with FEMA US&RStandardized Cache List forType III Task ForceTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS:FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 9 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEMINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM, ABANDONED MINECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamCapabilityInactive or abandonedmMinesActive mines underconstructionTeamPersonnelSame as Type II8 members (at least 5 qualifiedon breathing apparatus)PersonnelTrainingSame as Type II plus:20 hour MSHA initial trainingon use of breathing apparatusTYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERUnderstanding forces involvedin technical rope systemsRefresher training sessionsunderground with breathingProficiency in the selectionapparatus at least every 6and set up of rescue anchors monthsAbility to construct andUse and care of auxiliary mineoperate simple and compound rescue equipmentmechanical advantagesystems, belay systems andMine searching and mappinglowering systemsMine ventilation proceduresProficiency in technical litterand equipmentevacuations in a verticalMine firefightingenvironmentAny advanced mine rescuetraining and procedures, asdescribed by MSHABasic First Aid/CPRFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 10 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEMINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM, ABANDONED MINECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM ratusTYPE ISame as Type IIKIND:TYPE IITYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHER6 4-hour self-contained oxygenbreathing apparatus and anynecessary equipment fortesting such breathingapparatus before putting it intoservice1 extra, fully charged, oxygenbottle6 spare coolant canisterscompatible with the breathingapparatus1 oxygen pump or cascadingsystem with portable supply ofpressurized oxygen to becompatible with the breathingapparatusEquipmentLampsSame as Type II10 permissible cap lamps andcharging rackEquipmentGas DetectorsSame as Type II2 gas detectors capable ofreading oxygen levels, and anyflammable or poisonous gasesencountered or anticipated atthe rescue locationEquipmentCommunications Same as Type II1 portable mine rescuecommunications system atleast 1,000 feet in lengthEquipmentRepairSame as Type IINecessary spare parts andtools for repairing the breathingapparatus or communicationssystemEquipmentRiggingSufficient rope and hardwareto support complex riggingFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 11 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEMINE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM, ABANDONED MINECATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IIEquipmentPersonalSame as Type II, plus fullbody harnessHead protection compatiblewith cap lamps, gloves, flameprotective outerwear, footwearappropriate to the environmentTransportationResourcesSame as Type IITransportation for all personneland equipment to mine siteTYPE IIITeamTYPE IVOTHERCOMMENTS:FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 12 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCECAVE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMCATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM TYPE ISame as Type IIIKIND:TYPE IISame as Type IIICaveSame as Type II, plus:Same as Type III, plus:TrainingProficiency in cave and surface Proficiency in verticalsearchenvironments greater than100 feet in depthAbility toProficiency in high- and lowsafely traverse multi-dropangle technical rescues andcavesevacuations from dry, wet, andmulti-drop cavesAbility to rapidly ascend arope next to a litter during alitter raiseTeamTYPE IIISame as Type IV, plus MedicalSpecialistTYPE IVOTHERField Team LeaderField Team MembersSame as Type IV, plus:Basic understanding of thecave environment, includingAbility to carry additional rescue- regional differences in ambientrelated equipment to andcave temperature, normalthrough the cavehazards such as risk offlooding, hypothermia, andpotential changes in caveenvironment because ofseasonal variations and outsideweatherProficiency in crawling,climbing and moving overuneven surfaces andbreakdown areas covered inmud, sand, or waterFamiliarity with chimneying,bridging, and other basicclimbing techniques used inmoving through cavesAbility to move comfortably andefficiently in small spacesAbility to rappel and ascend66’ of static line using standardsingle rope techniquesProficiency in changing overfrom ascent to rappel andrappel to ascentAbility to carry personalequipment to and through thecaveFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 13 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCECAVE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMCATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITYPE IVOTHERAbility to identify fragile caveenvironments and takemeasures to protect themAbility to maintain primary me as Type IISame as Type III, plus:Same as Type IV, plus:Basic TrainingSame as Type II, plus;Same as Type III, plus:Same as Type IV, plus:Ability to plan, organize, anddirect cave rescue and searchmissions using ICSAbility to direct activitiesaccording to ICSCapable of operating within ICSProficiency in back-countryKnowledge of common symbolsnavigation and route findingpresent on cave mapswith a map and compass, useProficiency in reading caveof GPS and UTM coordinatemapssystemAbility to use topographic mapsto locate cavesExperience with ICS UnifiedCommandProficiency in edge tending forTechnical proficiency in single the vertical environmentperson rope rescueProficiency in preparing andtechniquesrigging basket and flexible littersProficiency in crack andfor haul and lower operationscrevice rescueProficiency in patient packagingProficiency in creating loadfor extrication;distributing and artificialFamiliarity with the basicanchors in-cavetechniques for crack and crevicerescueAbility to improvise patientpackagingFamiliar with cave maps andtopographic mapsFamiliarity with basic cavesearch techniquesFamiliarity with the NIIMS ICSof incident managementProficiency in establishingsimple anchors and fixing linesfor personal rappels andascentsAwareness of the psychologicaland physical patientconsiderations in rescueextrications of long durationProficiency in basic in-cavelitter movement techniquesAbility to assist in patientpackaging for extricationSpecialized training required tosafely and appropriately usecommunication and technicalFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 14 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCECAVE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMCATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITYPE IVOTHERrescue equipmentPersonnelTechnicalTrainingSame as Type II, plus:Same as Type III, plus:Same as Type IV, plus:Proficiency in the use,placement, and analysis ofmechanical anchors andanchor systemsUnderstanding of themechanical forces involved intechnical rescue systemsProficiency in tying commonknots and knowledge of theirapplications and strengthefficienciesProficiency in use of highlinesand guiding linesProficiency in the organizationand direction of technical caverescue searches andrescuesfor regions/caves withswiftwaterProficiency in working in andaround moving waterundergroundProficiency in the selectionand setup of rescue anchorsystemsProficiency at estimatingcomponent and system loadratios and assessing safetyfactorsAbility to rig and operatesimple and compound 4:1,6:1, and 9:1 mechanicaladvantage systemsSwiftwater/Flatwater Ttchnician Proficiency in rigging and usefor regions/caves with bad air: of counterbalance systemsProficiency in the use of a 3gas monitor (oxygen, hydrogensulfide and carbon monoxide)and ability to understand itsoutputProficiency in technical litterevacuations and transportincluding litter raises andlowers on breakdown, in freefall and other verticalenvironments, in narrow orwaterfall situations, and inmultidrop cavesPersonnelSurvivalTrainingSame as Type IIISame as Type IIIPersonnelMedicalSpecialistTrainingNational Standard EMT-B, with National Standard EMT-B, orBTLS or PHTLSadvanced wilderness firstresponder; BTLSFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Proficiency in establishingsimple anchors for haul andlower systemsAbility to establish 2:1 and 3:1haul systems, fixed brakelowering systems, and belaysystemsAbility to serve as a member ofa haul or lower team andfamiliarity of appropriatecommandsAbility to serve as a member ofan evacuation teamOther skills or abilities asidentified by the team’soperations leaderFamiliarity with basic searchtechniques and nomenclatureAbility to maintain scene integrityin case of crimeProficiency in establishing andoperating in-cave wiredcommunications systemsAbility to operate a handheldradioProficiency in choosingappropriate in-cave littermovement techniquesSame as Type IV, plusexperience in wet and verticalcavesOperational proficiency in thecave environment for theregionSame as Type IVBasic First Aid/CPRPage 15 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCECAVE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMCATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICKIND:TYPE ITYPE IITeamTYPE III24 hoursTYPE IVTeamSustainedOperations48 hours or more36 hoursTeamSearch andRescueCapabilitiesSame as Type II withexperience complex rescueenvironments as appropriatefor region of activitySame as Type III withSame as Type IVexperience in wet and verticalcaves and crack/crevicesituationsTrained cave rescue and cavesearch personnel withexperience in relatively drycaves with moderate verticalsituationsEquipmentTeam Suppliesand MaterialsSame as Type III, plus:Same as Type III, plus:Ability to support more than 2patients at 2 separateincidents;Ability to respond to two incave patients simultaneouslyHarnesses, Helmets; Basichardware (including:Same as Type IVPersonalSupplies andmaterials24 hours7/16 or .5” static kernmantlerope, webbing, pulleys,carabineers, lowering devices,etc.)Sufficient rope and hardware tosupport complex rigging,multiple drops, highline, etc.EquipmentField telephones and wireIn regions/caves withswiftwater:Radio communications on acommon frequencyAppropriate floatationequipment for patient(s) andother necessary swiftwaterspecific rigging equipmentPatient packaging materialsIn regions/caves with bad air:3-gas monitorsEdge protectionSame as Type II, plus food for48 hoursOTHERLitters appropriate for situationEntrance control materials;Same as Type III, plus foodfor 36 hoursIn regions/caves withswiftwater:Appropriate swiftwater gear,PFD, personal throwbags,Same as Type IV, plus wetsuitwhere appropriatePersonal protective equipmentincluding:Footwear, underwear, andouterwear suited to theparticular cave environmentSewn seat harnessPersonal descending andascending equipment with 2points of attachment above theFEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 16 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCECAVE SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMCATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITYPE IVOTHERwaistHelmet (with 3- or 4-pointchinstrap suspension system)Gloves with leather palms3 independent sources of light,each capable of exiting thecave; 2 of which must behelmet-mountableBatteries (carbide ifappropriate)Quantity of water appropriatefor the conditionsFood for 24 hoursKnife/multi-toolPersonal first aid kitWaterproof pen/pencil andpaperAppropriate pack to carrypersonal gear; food for 24hoursEquipmentMedicalSupplies andMaterialsSame as Type IVSame as Type IVSame as Type IVAs appropriate for level oftraining, as applied inwilderness/cave environmentand meeting local protocolsand requirementsCOMMENTS:FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 17 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEMOUNTAIN & TECHNICAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM;TECHNICAL RESCUE TEAMDESCRIPTION Mountain & Technical SAR Team provides search and rescue in land SARenvironments as well as technical rope and rock environments and up toand including alpine environments (generally above 6,000 ft MSL), andsevere snow and ice environments.Technical Rescue Team provides non-technical and technical rescue inurban/suburban and infrastructure “supported” environments.CATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM PE ISame as Type IVKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITYPE IVTYPE VSame as Type IVSame as Type IVMeets all criteria of a Type ILand SAR TeamNoneSpecificMountain & Technical SARResource Name TeamMountain & Technical SARTeamMountain & Technical SARTeamMountain & Technical SARTeamTechnical Rescue TeamTeamTerrain, Search, Type II plus multiple pitches inand Rescuealpine environment aboveCapabilitiestimberline including glacier,crevasse and vertical iceType III plus multiple pitches inmountain environments up totimberline, extreme snow andnon-vertical ice conditions, andincluding avalanche SARType IV plus multiple pitches inremote four season weather,wilderness and unsupportedenvironments (poor or noinfrastructure)Up to and including YDS Class4 & 5 terrain (steep and highangle and vertical technicalsearch and rescue) inurban/suburban supportedenvironments (withinfrastructure). May requiremultiple pitch capability.Up to and including YDSClass 4 & 5 terrain(steep and high angleand vertical technicalrescue) inurban/suburbansupported environments(with infrastructure). Mayrequire multiple pitchcapability.PersonnelLength of Team Same as Type IV or asSelfrequested by the incident’sSustainabilitymanagement teamSame as Type IV or asrequested by the incident’smanagement teamSame as Type IV or asrequested by the incident’smanagement teamMinimum 72 hours, excludingtravel.Minimum 72 hours,excluding travel.PersonnelTeamCompositionSame as Type IIISame as Type IV, plusadditional Squads as neededby the incident’s managementteam.Minimum 6 members: At least1 Mountain SAR Squad Officerand 5 Mountain SARTechnicians, at least 1 of whomshall be a Medical Specialist.Others may also be a Logisticsor other Technical Specialist.Minimum 6 members,excluding “search”certification/trainingrequirements, andincluding at least 1Technical RescueSquad Officer and 5Technical RescueTechnicians, at least 1of whom shall be aMedical Specialist.Same as Type IIIFor every 2-3 Squads, add 1Mountain SAR ST/TF Leaderand 1 Logistics Specialist.FEMA 508-8 Typed Resource Definitions - Search and Rescue Resources11/14/2005Page 18 of 30

U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityFederal Emergency Management AgencyRESOURCEMOUNTAIN & TECHNICAL SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAM;TECHNICAL RESCUE TEAMDESCRIPTION Mountain & Technical SAR Team provides search and rescue in land SARenvironments as well as technical rope and rock environments and up toand including alpine environments (generally above 6,000 ft MSL), andsevere snow and ice environments.Technical Rescue Team provides non-technical and technical rescue inurban/suburban and infrastructure “supported” environments.CATEGORY: Search & Rescue (ESF #9)MINIMUM CAPABILITIES:COMPONENTMETRICTYPE IKIND:TYPE IITeamTYPE IIITYPE IVTYPE VOthers may also be aLogistics or otherTechnical Specialist.For every 2-3 Squads,add 1 Technical RescueST/TF Leader and 1Logistics SpecialistPersonnelMedicalSpecialistSame as Type IV, withSame as Type IV.preference to EMT-Paramediclevel (USDOT)Same as Type IV.Minimum of a NationalStandard First Responder(preferably EMT-Basic) withadditional remote orwilderness-type trainingPersonnelTrainingSame as Type II, plus glacier, Same as Type III, plus extremecrevasse and vertical ice travel snow and non-vertical iceand SAR.search and rescue; avalanchesafety and SAR.Same as Type IV, plusbackcountry and mountainweather and navigation.NIMS Mountain/Technical SAR NIMSTechnician, including:Mountain/TechnicalRescue Technician,NIMS Land SAR Technicianexcluding searchrequirements, andFlat, low, high angle andincluding:vertical technical rescueRopes, knots, simple throughcomplex mechanical advantageand highline forces andsystems inc

outlined in NFPA 1670. 28 person Comply with NFPA 1006 and NFPA 472 requirements for their area of specialization or organization operations level for support personnel as outlined in NFPA 1670. Team Training Trained for Heavy Floor Construction, Pre-cast .