A History Of Coffee From Bean To Cup

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From Bean to Cup:a history of coffeeMichael FirminUDLS - 19 Sep 2014

What this UDLS is not How to make coffee ABCs of Brewing Coffee alexandru totolici, 5 Oct 2012 Where to find coffee Coffee Shops Around Vancouver Michael Firmin, 13 Sep 2013

What this UDLS is Exploration into the origins of coffee Depiction of coffee in cultures past andpresent Fun coffee trivia

So what is coffee, anyway? Contrary to popular belief, coffee is not a‘bean’ It is the seed of the coffea cherry From the Coffea plant Native to Southern Africaand Tropical Asia Two Species: Arabica and Robusta

Great. So how does it turn into the deliciousbeverage we know and love?

Picking Cherries are generally hand picked One major harvest per year (April-Jun) In some regions a second, smaller one in December

Processing Wet Process Sorted by immersion in water Ripe fruit sinks, unripe floats Fruit is stripped from the seed Remaining pulp removed byfermentation Sun or machine dried

Processing Dry Processing Traditional method Dirt, soil, leaves removed with alarge sieve in a process calledwinnowing Unripe cherries removed by hand Sun dried

Milling Remove the remaining husk Sort by density, size, and color Generally all automated

Remaining Steps RoastGrindBrewEnjoy!

Origins of Coffee in Legend Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili North-African Islamic scholar Discovered birds ‘of unusual vitality’ in Ethiopia Upon eating the same berries as the birds,experienced the same vitality

Dancing Goats Ethiopian goat herders noticedthe effects of caffeine on theirgoats When presented to the Monks,they disapproved and threwthem in the fire. The enticing smell led totoday’s drink

Origins of Coffee Originated in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen insouthern Arabia Caught on as a replacement for alcohol, which wasbanned 16th Century 1511 - Coffee banned by theological court in Mecca,overturned in 1524 1554 - First coffeehouse opens in Constantinople 1580 - News of ‘black water’ spreads to Italy

Papal Approval 1600 - Pope Clement VIII’s advisors askedhim to ban the ‘drink of the devil.’ Upon tasting it, he found it delicious and gave itthe Papal Approval This caused its rapid spread through the Catholicworld

Penny University 17th Century - First Coffeehouses open inLondon. They charge a penny for entrance, and providenewspapers, bulletins, gossip, etc. Frequented by university students The first of these led to theformation of the Oxford CoffeeClub, now known as the RoyalSociety

A Proclamation for the Suppression of CoffeeHouses Coffee is called into questionin the Women’s PetitionAgainst Coffee King Charles II responds bybanning coffee houses Reverted a year later

Coffee In France Late 1600s - Coffee reaches Paris, andcoffee houses begin to appear 1710 - An infusion brewing process isdeveloped 1713 - King Louis XIV’s court is the first toadd sugar to coffee 1723 - French naval officers introducecoffee plantations to the Americas

Coffee Cantata Bach’s one act comedic opera on coffeeaddiction Some choice quotes: “If I can’t drink my bowl of coffee three timesdaily, then in my torment I will shrivel up like apiece of roast goat.” “That as well, only I beg of you, leave me mycoffee!”

Coffee Cantata

Freedom Beverage1773 - The Boston Tea Party leads to a revoltagainst tea, making coffee the patrioticbeverage of America

Brazil 1800s - Brazilian independence leads tomassive coffee cultivation Produces 600,000 bags annually, 25% of worldproduction By 1900, this rose to 90% Followed by Cuba, Haiti, and Java Coffee prices reach all-time lows Coffee continues to spread all around the world

Instant Coffee Invented in 1906 by George Washington An English Chemist living inGuatemalaNot this George Washington

Italy and Espresso 1905 - Desiderio Pavoni produces thefirst commercialized espressomachine, based on Luigi Bezzera’s1901 design Local authorities would controlprice, provided the drink wasconsumed standing up Spreads to the English speakingworld in the form of lattes andcappuccino

Modern Day Coffee 1971 - Alfred Peet of Peet’s coffee andfriends open the first Starbucks in Pike’sPlace Market in Seattle Originally sold only whole roasted beans, notbrewed coffee

Tim Hortons Tim Hortons opens in Ontario in 1964 Originally had only coffee and donuts on the menu

Third Wave Coffee Coffee as an artisanal foodstuff Independently owned coffee shops Focus on flavor of the beans rather than the roast

Coffee Consumption TodayThe US alone drinks 400 million cups per day (2011)


Coffee In France Late 1600s - Coffee reaches Paris, and coffee houses begin to appear 1710 - An infusion brewing process is developed 1713 - King Louis XIV’s court is the first to add sugar to coffee 1723 - French naval officers introduce coffee plantations to the Americas