Handbuch Zu Puppy 2

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http://www.puppy-linux.infoHandbuch zu Puppy 2.171. Introduction2. How to get Puppy3. How to run Puppy3.1 How to run Puppy the very first time3.2. Boot-Options3.3 How to save the settings and your personal files4. How to install Puppy4.1 Preparing the installation4.1.1 Harddrives, partitions and filesystems4.1.2 Defragment your hard disk4.1.3 Creating partitions4.2 Installation4.2.1 Frugal Installation using Puppy Universal Installer4.2.2 Manual Frugal Installation / Puppy Update4.2.3 Full Installation5. How to setup an Internet connection5.1 Modem5.2 DSL5.3 Router5.4 WLAN5.5 How to setup your email-program6. How to set up your hardware6.1 Printer6.2 Scanner6.3 USB-Sticks / external harddrive7. How to (de)install programs7.1 How to install official programs7.2 How to install further programs7.2.1 Unofficial PETgets7.2.2 DotPups7.2.3 Debian programs7.3 How to deinstall programs8. How to setup Puppy8.1 How to change the background desktop-image8.2 How to create your own menu8.3 How to add a program icon at the tray zone8.4 Setup time and date8.5 How to store / remove a desktop icon8.6 Setup DVD/CD-burning program TkDVD8.7 How to install fonts9. How to make a backup9.1 How to backup pup safe.2fs-file9.2 How to restore files from pup save.2fs9.3 Backup with rsync/a -1-

http://www.puppy-linux.info10. Multiuser10.1 Two or more pup save.2fs-files10.2. Multisession11. Security11.1 Live-CD11.2 Root11.3 Firewall and daemons11.4 Virus scanner11.5 Intrusion detection11.6 Encrypt with bcrypt12. Make your own Puppy-CD13. Tips and tricks13.1. Windows programs und corresponding Puppy-Linux programs13.2 Upper and lower case13.3 Special characters13.4 How to move files with ROX13.5 The contextmenu of ROX13.6 Copy and paste in the shell rxvt13.7 Automatic completion in the shell rxvt-2-

http://www.puppy-linux.infoPuppy 2.17 Manual1. IntroductionPuppy Linux is a very smart Linux distribution, which was developed by Barry Kauler. BarryKauler is an Australian professor in (early) retirement. He developed a Windows similarLinux, which contains all the important programs and is nevertheless small enough to runeven on older PCs completely in the RAM. Puppy runs on almost all hardware, is very easyto handle and can easily be adapted to personal preferences. Many volunteers constantlyextend the software on offer. Puppy has a world-wide community, which communicatesaround the clock in English over the Internet. Further information about Puppy.This manual will appeal to Linux beginners and Linux users, who would like to becomeacquainted with Puppy. There is a variety of information on the Internet, which you can reachfrom the Puppy-Homepage. This manual summarizes the most important information forPuppy beginners and explains the first steps with Puppy.How to use the manual: Menu entries and buttons are set in "", submenus are separated by vertical lines.Example: "Menu Shut Down JWM restart" means, that you first click on the button"Menu", than (at the appearing menu) on the headword "Shut Down" and finally onthe headword "JWM restart". In the manual the letter x is used as a substitute symbol for a number. For example/dev/hdax means that you have to write /dev/hda1, /dev/hda2 or /dev/hda3 - just usewhat suits your computer. With the term "shell" the program "Menu Run Rxvt terminal emulator" is meant. If you find a mistake please send a message to-3-.

http://www.puppy-linux.info2. How to get PuppyYou can get Puppy Linux from ibiblio.org or puptrix.org (you will find more download-linkshere ). Save the current release puppy-2.xx-seamonkey.iso (e.g. puppy-2.17-seamonkey.iso)on your harddrive. The filesize is about 80-90 MB.To make sure that you downloaded a genuine original file, you can compare the checksum ofthe ISO file with the associated file puppy-2.xx-seamonkey.iso.md5.txt (e.g. puppy-2.17seamonkey.iso.md5.txt). Download this file as well.Within Linux:Open a shell and change into the directory, in which you stored the two files. Enter thefollowing command: md5sum puppy-2.17-seamonkey.isoAs a result you get the checksum. Open the file puppy-2.17-seamonkey.iso.md5.txt with atext program (e.g. abiword). The two checksums should be identical.Within Windows:Download the DOS-Program md5sum.exe. To open a DOS-Box click on "Start Execute".This opens an input window, into which you enter the following command: cmdNow you get a DOS-Box.Change into the directory, in which you stored the two files, e.g. C:/Puppy. Enter thesecommands: c:-4-

http://www.puppy-linux.info cd \ cd puppy dir *.*Now you should see the Puppy-files. Enter the command: md5sum -c puppy-2.17-seamonkey.iso.md5.txtYou should get an "OK".Subsequently you burn the ISO file (in our example puppy-2.17-seamonkey.iso) on CD. Toburn an ISO file on CD, consult the manual of your CD-burning software. Beginnerssometimes copy the ISO file simply as a data-file on CD, which doesn’t work. Usually theCD-burning software has a special menu option for burning an ISO file on CD. You can verifywhether you burned the CD correctly by looking at the CD with the file manager (e.g.Windows Explorer). If you see files as "image.gz" or "vmlinuz.gz" everything is OK. If you seethe file "puppy-2.17-seamonkey.iso" this is incorrect.Tip:Create a second, identical Puppy CD as a backup copy, in case the original CD becomescorrupted.-5-

http://www.puppy-linux.info3. How to run PuppyA great advantage of Puppy Linux is that Puppy doesn’t have to be installed. You can runPuppy directly from the CD, without affecting your operating system. Alternatively you caninstall Puppy on a harddrive or a USB stick.3.1 How to run Puppy the very first timeFirst you must set up the boot sequence in the BIOS. If you do not know how to get into theBIOS-setup, consult the computers manual. Usually you press one of the following keysimmediately after switching on the PC: ESC, one of the function keys F1 to F12 or the deletekey. At the BIOS-setup you change the boot sequence so that the CD-ROM drive is first andthe harddrive is second. Close the BIOS-setup and store the settings.The PC then usually reboots. Immediately insert the Puppy CD into the CD-ROM drive. If youare too slow your old operating system starts. In this case keep the CD inserted in the CDdrive and start the PC again.Now Puppy should start. During the starting procedure you are requested to choose yourcountry. Navigate with the cursor keys downward to your country. Then strike the return-key.Thereafter a further window (Puppy video Wizard) appears, "Xorg" is already highlighted.Press the return-key. Wait some seconds till the next window (Puppy video Wizard) appears.There you navigate with the cursor keys to your screen (LCD panel flat screen, CRT standard monitor) and resolution. Then strike the return-key. After some seconds the Puppydesktop appears.Puppy was loaded completely into RAM. Your old operating system is not touched, so thatyou can look safely at Puppy Linux. Now you can take the CD out of the CD drive.If you terminate Puppy you are asked whether you want to store the settings (and yourpersonal files) in a file named pup save.2fs on a harddrive "SAVE TO FILE" or CD-ROM"SAVE TO CD". (you can change between the options with the tab-key). If you do not want tosave the settings mark "DO NOT SAVE" and press the return-key.If you would like to store the settings (and your personal files) you are asked on whichharddrive this should happen.3.2. Boot-OptionsWhen Puppy boots it offers you some boot-options. If you do not enter anything, Puppy isloaded after some seconds into RAM. When starting Puppy automatically looks for apreviously stored pup save.2fs-file. If this file doesn't exist yet, you are asked for thekeyboard map and the screen resolution (see chapter 3.1).With the boot-option puppy pfix ramyou have the option to start Puppy into RAM without your pre-saved-settings and withoutyour personal files even if a pup save.2fs-file already exists. This boot option is very usefuland is used in this manual a few times. The other boot-options are normally not needed.3.3 How to save the settings and your personal filesSo that Puppy can store all settings and your personal data, a file named pup save.2fs issaved. I recommend a size of 512 MB for this file. This is big enough for further programsand can be backed-up on CD-ROM (note: if you want to backup the file on a USB stick, itmust have a storage capacity of 1 GB). Puppy can store the pup save.2fs-file on a FAT32-6-

http://www.puppy-linux.infofilesystem only (note: USB sticks and external harddrives are usually formatted with aFAT32-filesystem, so that they can be used without problems). Windows XP-users normallyhave a NTFS-filesystem only. There are two options for you to store the pup save.2fs-file aswell: Save the file on an external harddrive or USB-stick. Make the NTFS partition smaller and create one or more further partition with FAT32filesystem and ext2/ext3-filesystemIf you intend to use Puppy durably you should select the second alternative. This alternativehas many advantages.-7-

http://www.puppy-linux.info4. How to install PuppyIf you don't feel like booting Puppy from CD-ROM all the time, you can install Puppy to harddisk. This requires some preparations.4.1 Preparing the installation4.1.1 Harddrives, partitions and filesystemsA harddrive can be divided in one or more partitions. If you create several partitions on aharddrive, each partition appears like a harddrive in the operating system. In other words:although you have only one harddrive in your PC, you will see several (virtual) hard-driveswith Windows or Linux. Windows designates the harddrives (as well as the floppy disk driveand CD/DVD drive). In Windows they will be identified with letters. Usually A designates thefloppy disk drive, C the harddrive (first partition), D the CD-ROM drive, E the harddrive(second partition), F the harddrive (third partition) and so on. Each partition has its own filesystem, Windows normally uses NTFS (Windows XP) or FAT32 (Win98, Win95).With Linux the (first) harddrive is adressed as /dev/hda or /dev/sda. If your PC has a secondharddrive, it is adressed as /dev/hdb or /dev/sdb. The partitions are sequentially numbered,starting with one. The partitions of your harddrive are adressed as /dev/hda1 (corresponds tothe Windows C-partition), /dev/hda2 (corresponds to the Windows E-partition), /dev/hda3 andso on. Linux can work with different file systems such as ext2, ext3 or ReiserFS. These filesystems are not readable by Windows. In addition Linux can work with Windows filesystemstoo. Due to this option a FAT32-Partition is ideal to exchange files between Windows andLinux.4.1.2 Defragment your hard diskBefore creating new partitions on your hard drive, you should defragment the drive so that alldata is stored at the beginning of the existing partition. Here is how to do it: Start up Windows. First, backup your files to CD-ROM, DVD, or an external hard drive. Also rememberto backup your Internet link collection (Favourites) and your e-mails. If your data isencrypted, it is advisable to decrypt it before backing it up. This protects you fromdata loss because modifying hard drive partitions always carries the risk of data loss. Next, start the Disk Defragmenter program under Windows. The program is located at"Start All Programs Utilities System Programs Disk Defragmenter".Select hard drive c:\ and click the "Check" button.-8-

http://www.puppy-linux.info-9-

http://www.puppy-linux.infoClick the "Defragment" button. Depending on the size of the partition and the amountof data on it, this process can take a long time (over an hour). If you have very largeamounts of data, you can speed up this process drastically by deleting your files afteryou have backed them up (see the previous item) and restoring them once you aredone with the modifications. In this case, please make sure beforehand that yourbackup is readable, otherwise there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.Click the "Close" button.There is now space on partition C: for additional partitions. Shut down Windows.4.1.3 Creating partitionsNow you should plan the layout of your hard disk partitions regarding file system and size. Irecommend creating three or four partitions in addition to the Windows partition. Thefollowing example assumes you have exactly one Windows partition (drive letter C). Yourhard disk would then look like this: First partition: NTFS or FAT32 (Windows)- 10 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Second partition: ext2 or ext3 (this is where Puppy will be installied to) Third partition: Linux swap (for page files) Fourth partition: FAT32 (for exchanging data between Windows and Linux) Optionally, a fifth partition: ext2 or ext3 (Linux)Windows will continue to reside on your first partition with all its programs and data. Thesecond partition (recommended size about 1-2 GB) has a Linux file system (ext2 or ext3).This is the partition Puppy will be installed to. The third partition (exactly as large as yourcomputer's memory) will be a Linux swap partition that Linux can . well, swap files to. Thefourth partition has a FAT32 file system, which is recognized by both Windows and Linux.This partition (recommended size about 5 GB) is used for files that you want to access fromboth Windows and Linux. If you want to manage large amounts of data under Puppy (e.g.music collection, pictures), you should create a fifth partition with a Linux file system(ext2/ext3). This file system cannot be accessed from Windows and is meant for Linux only.To create the partitions, proceed as follows: Start Puppy Linux from CD with the "pfix ram" boot option (see chapter 3.1). Start the Gparted program: "Menu System Gparted partition manager". First, shrink your Windows partition (NTFS file system). To do this, select theWindows partition /dev/hda1.Click the "Resize/Move" button.- 11 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Reduce the "New Size" value until the "Free Space Following" field shows enoughfree space following for the new partitions. My test computer's hard disk has only 3gigabytes; I am using half of that for the mew partitions. You probably have a muchlarger hard drive so your partition sizes can be increased accordingly.Then press the "Resize/Move" button. Next, select "Edit Apply All Operations" from the menu.- 12 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info In the dialogue box that comes up, click the "Apply" button.- 13 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoClick the "Close" button. You now have an "unallocated" area on your hard disk. Select the line saying "unallocated" and click the "New" button. Enter the size of the second partition in the "New Size" field. This is where PuppyLinux will be installed to. I recommend a size of 1 to 2 gigabytes (i.e., 1024 to 2048MiB). Select ext2 from the "Filesystem" box and click "Add".- 14 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Again select the line saying "unallocated" and click the "New" button. (You can seewhere this is going.) Enter the size of the third partition in the "New Size" field. This partition is to holdLinux's swap files as a Linux swap partition. You should make it as large as yourcomputer's memory (RAM). With my test computer, this amounts to 128 megabytes(MiB). Select linux-swap from the "Filesystem" box and click "Add".- 15 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Again select the line saying "unallocated" and click the "New" button. Enter the size of the fourth partition in the "New Size" field. This partition is meant forshared access to files from Windows and Linux. I recommend a size of about 5gigabytes (5120 MiB). Since my test computer does not have a large enough harddisk, I am using 396 megabytes (MiB) as an example. Select FAT32 from the"Filesystem" box and click "Add".- 16 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoHint: if you want to create additional partitions (e.g., for very large files under Linux),repeat the process outlined above accordingly. In this case, you may have to createso-called logical partitions. Please consult additional sources if you are unsure abouthow to do that. To actually write the changes to disk, select "Edit Apply All Operations" from themenu. In the dialogue box that comes up, click "Apply".- 17 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoClick the "Close" button. Exit GParted.4.2 InstallationThere are different ways to install Puppy:- 18 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Frugal Installation (Pupy CD image on hard drive) Full Installation Installation to a USB flash drive Installation to a CF cardI recommend Frugal Installation (see chapter 4.2.1), if you have 256 MB RAM or more. If youhave less than 256 MB RAM you should choose Full Installation (see chapter 4.2.2).4.2.1 Frugal Installation using Puppy Universal InstallerA Frugal Installation copies the image from the Puppy CD to the hard drive. At bootup, Puppyis loaded into your computer's memory (RAM) just as it is when you boot Puppy from CD,however, loading it from a hard drive is much faster. This way, Frugal Installation combinesthe advantages of booting from CD-ROM (protection from malware) and a hard drive bootup(speed). Moreover, upgrading to a new Puppy version is very simple - all you have to do isreplace some files (see chapter 4.2.2). Start "Menu Setup Puppy universal installer". Choose which medium Puppy shouldbe installed to. In this example, I chose the internal hard drive. If you have several hard drives, select one. Next, click on the button next to the partition that you want Puppy to be installed to /hda2 in this example.- 19 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info In the dialogue box, click "OK". Specify the medium that Puppy lives on right now. This will probably be a CD. Clickthe "CD" button.- 20 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info You now have to decide whether you want a "Frugal" or a "Full" installation (seechapter 4.2.2). In our example, click on the "COEXIST" button. The files are now copied from CD to the hard drive. You do not have to click the OKbutton because the dialogue box goes away once the copy process is complete. Since you now have two operating systems on your computer (Windows and PuppyLinux), you need a boot loader. The boot loader is the first program executed afterswitching the computer on. It enables you to specify which operating system shouldbe started up. If Windows was the only operating system on your computer up tonow, you do not have a boot loader. The Puppy Installer can install GRUB as a bootloader for you. To do this, click on "INSTALL GRUB".- 21 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Select "simple installation" and click "OK". In the next dialogue box, select "standard" and click "OK". Now you have to specify where the GRUB boot loader should store its files. Thesecan only be written to a Linux file system partition. Thus, please specify one of theLinux (ext2 or ext3 file system) partitions you created (/dev/hda2 in the example). Ifyou do not have a Linux file system partition yet, you need to create one (see chapter4.1.3).- 22 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Now you have to specify where the GRUB boot loader itself should be installed to.Select the Master Boot Record "MBR" and click "OK". In the next dialogue box, click "OK". The next dialogue box shows you the entry that will be added to the file "menu.lst" toboot Puppy Linux. Click "OK".- 23 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info The installation is complete. What remains to be done is to configure the GRUB bootloader so that Puppy Linux can be booted. This is how to do it: Open the file "menu.lst". You will find this file in the /boot/grub directory of the partitionyou installed the GRUB files to (/dev/hda2 in our example). For Linux newbies, Iinclude detailed instructions on how to find and open this file. More advanced userscan skip ahead to where menu.lst gets edited. Start "Menu Filesystem Pmount mount/unmount drives" and click on the red harddisk symbol next to "/dev/hda2".- 24 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info The symbol changes colour from red to green. Start "Menu Filesystem ROX-Filer file filemanager". Click on the arrow in the upper left corner.- 25 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoYou have gone up one directory. Click on the folder called "mnt".You are now inside the "mnt" folder.- 26 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Click on the folder called "hda2".You are now inside the "hda2" folder. Click on the folder called "boot".- 27 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoYou are now inside the "boot" folder. Click on the folder called "grub".You are now inside the "grub" folder. Use the right mouse button to click on the file called "menu.lst".- 28 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info From the context menu that pops up, select "File menu.lst Open As Text". You can now see the contents of the menu.lst file.- 29 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Edit the file at this point:- 30 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infotitle Puppy Linux (on /dev/hda2)rootnoverify (hd0,1)kernel /vmlinuz root /dev/ram0 loglevel 3 pmedia idehdinitrd /initrd.gz(Notice: depending on what medium you boot from, you have to set the pmediaparameter to one of usbflash usbhd usbcd ideflash idehd idecd idezip satahd scsihdscsicd. If you did not install the GRUB files to the /dev/hda2 partition, you need tochange the rootnoverify parameter as well - partition number and Linux drive letterminus one, so if the GRUB files are on /dev/hdb3, make it "rootnoverify (hd1,2)".)The bit you changed in the file should now look like this:- 31 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info"Comment out", i.e. put a number sign (#) before each of the following lines:- 32 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoIt should now look like this:- 33 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoAll necessary changes have been made. The file should now look like this:- 34 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Save the file by selecting "File Save" from the program's menu. Exit the text editor. Close the ROX file manager. Click on the green hard drive symbol next to /dev/hda2. It should then change colourfrom green to red.- 35 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Click on the green CD-ROM symbol next to /dev/hdc. Remove the Puppy CD. Exit Puppy and reboot the computer: "Menu Shutdown Reboot computer".- 36 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info When you reboot the computer, you will be asked whether you want to save the"session" (i.e., all the configuration changes you made). Hit Return to select the entry"SAVE TO FILE", which is already highlighted. Confirm the next dialogue (Warning) by hitting Return. In the next dialogue, select the "hda2" partition with the cursor keys and press Return. You will be asked whether you want a normal (unencrypted) or an encrypted savefile. Select "NORMAL" with the cursor keys and press Return. The next dialogue lets you choose a size for your save file. A file size of 512megabytes is usually sufficient. You can increase (but not decrease) this size anytimefrom within Puppy. Pick the desired file size with the cursor keys and press Return. Confirm the next dialogue by pressing Return. Creating the save file can take a fewminutes; please be patient. Your computer will now shut down completely and then start up again. You will thensee the boot loader come up. Select "Puppy Linux (on /dev/hda2)" with the cursorkeys and press Return. Puppy boots up.4.2.2 Manual Frugal Installation / Puppy UpdateTo be able to use this option, a boot loader has to be installed on your computer. If there isno boot loader installed on your computer, I recommend doing so using the Puppy UniversalInstaller durchzuführen (see chapter 4.2.1).? Boot Puppy fom CD with the "puppy pfix ram" boot option. Copy the files PUP 217.SFS ZDRV 217.SFS INITRD.GZ VMLINUZonto a partition with a Linux file system (ext2/ext3) oder a FAT32 file system. If you areupdating Puppy, overwrite the existing files. Reconfigure the GRUB boot loader by editingthe menu.lst file. You will usually find this file on a Linux partition in the /boot/grub folder.? Append the following two lines to the file menu.lst:title Puppyrootnoverify (hd0,1)kernel /vmlinuz root /dev/ram0 loglevel 3 pmedia idehdinitrd /initrd.gzNotice: (hd0,1) signifies the hard disk and partition on which GRUB is stored. Depending onyour boot medium, you will need to set the pmedia parameter to one of usbflash usbhdusbcd ideflash idehd idecd idezip satahd scsihd scsicd.? Save the file menu.lst? Close the text editor. Remove the Puppy CD from the drive and exit Puppy without savingyour session. Reboot the PC. Puppy should now boot without the CD in the drive.4.2.3 Full InstallationA Full Installation installs Puppy onto the hard drive like any other "normal" Linux. This kindof installation is a good idea if you have less than 256 MB of memory. Start "Menu Setup Puppy universal installer". Select the medium that you want toinstall Puppy to. I chose the internal hard drive for this example.- 37 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info If you have more than one hard drive, choose one. Click the button next to the partition that you want to install Puppy to.- 38 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Confirm the next dialogue by clicking "OK". Specify which medium Pupy Linux currently lives on. This will probably be a CD. Clickthe "CD" button.- 39 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info You now have to decide whether you want a "Frugal" (see chapter 4.2.1) or a "Full"installation. Since this chapter describes a Full installation, click the button labelled"NORMAL". The files will be copied from the CD to the hard drive. Since you now have two operating systems on your computer (Windows and PuppyLinux), you need a boot loader. The boot loader is the first program executed afterswitching the computer on. It enables you to specify which operating system shouldbe started up. If Windows was the only operating system on your computer up tonow, you do not have a boot loader. The Puppy Installer can install GRUB as a bootloader for you. To do this, click on "INSTALL GRUB".- 40 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Confirm the next dialogue by clicking "OK". Select "simple installation" and click "OK".- 41 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info In the next dialogue box, select "standard" and click "OK". Now you have to specify where the GRUB boot loader should store its files. Thesecan only be written to a Linux file system partition. Thus, please type "/dev/hda2" that is, the same partition to which Puppy has just been installed. Now you have to specify where the GRUB boot loader itself should be installed to.Select the Master Boot Record "MBR" and click "OK".- 42 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Confirm the next dialogue by clicking "OK". In the next dialogue box, click the "No" button. The installation is complete. What remains to be done is to configure the GRUB bootloader so that Puppy Linux can be booted. This is how to do it: Open the file "menu.lst". You will find this file in the /boot/grub directory of the partitionyou installed the GRUB files to (/dev/hda2 in our example). For Linux newbies, Iinclude detailed instructions on how to find and open this file. More advanced userscan skip ahead to where menu.lst gets edited.- 43 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Start "Menu Filesystem Pmount mount/unmount drives" and click on the red harddisk symbol next to "/dev/hda2". The symbol changes colour from red to green.- 44 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Start "Menu Filesystem ROX-Filer file filemanager". Click with the right mouse button and choose "Window Enter Path" from the contextmenu.- 45 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoType this into the box labelled "Goto" (do not omit the slash at the end):/mnt/hda2/boot/grub/You are now inside the /mnt/hda2/boot/grub/ folder.- 46 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Use the right mouse button to click on the file called "menu.lst". From the context menu that pops up, select "File menu.lst Open As Text".- 47 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info You can now see the contents of the menu.lst file.- 48 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info"Comment out", i.e. put a number sign (#) before each of the following lines:- 49 -

http://www.puppy-linux.infoAll necessary changes have been made. The file should now look like this:- 50 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Save the file by selecting "File Save" from the program's menu. Exit the text editor. Close the ROX file manager. Click on the green hard drive symbol next to /dev/hda2. It should then change colourfrom green to red.- 51 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info Click on the green CD-ROM symbol next to /dev/hdc. Remove the Puppy CD. Exit Puppy and reboot the computer: "Menu Shutdown Reboot computer".- 52 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info When you reboot the computer, you will be asked whether you want to save the"session" (i.e., all the configuration changes you made). Select "DO NOT SAVE" withthe cursor keys and hit Return. Your computer will now shut down completely and then start up again. You will thensee the boot loader come up. Select "Puppy Linux (on /dev/hda2)" with the cursorkeys and press Return. Puppy boots up. At the first bootup, you will once again haveto specify your country and your screen resolution. This configuration is saved so thatyou do not have to repeat this process at the next bootup.- 53 -

http://www.puppy-linux.info5. How to setup an Internet connection5.1 ModemThe following instruction is from the Puppy-forum and it is not tested by me.Start off clicking on the connect icon on the desktop. If you have an external serial modem itshould have been auto-detected by Puppy. In that case just start "Menu Network GKdialmodem dialup".If not you will have to use "Menu Setup Modem Wizard". If the modem wizard does notwork you most likely have a winmodem. Puppy does support some types of these modemsand there are Linux drivers for others. If your modem does not work consider picking up anexternal serial modem, they are

http://www.puppy-linux.info - 3 - Puppy 2.17 Manual 1. Introduction Puppy Linux is a very smart Linux distribution, which was developed by Barry Kauler.