OpenRoads Designer: Templates

1y ago
39 Views
2 Downloads
1.97 MB
53 Pages
Last View : 2d ago
Last Download : 5m ago
Upload by : Allyson Cromer
Transcription

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020OpenRoads Designer: TemplatesODOT Template LibraryTemplates are used to define the typical section for each alignment. Multiple templates can be used todefine different typical section designs, or the template geometry can be modified using a variety ofcorridor editing tools.When the WorkSet for a new project is created in ProjectWise, the OHDOT Templates.itl library is copiedfrom the OHDOT Standards to the 990-WorkSet Standards\Template Library\ folder and renamedusing the PID number for the project.For users working outside of the ProjectWise environment, when the Startup.mvba application isprocessed on a new WorkSet, the template library is copied to the 990-WorkSet Standards\TemplateLibrary\ folder as part of the program operation.ProjectWise Template Library Check-in/OutWhen a template library is opened in ProjectWise, the file is checked out to the current user and cannot beviewed or edited by other users. When the Create Templates dialog is closed, the software does not ask theuser to check the template library back into ProjectWise. The user is prompted to check the templatelibrary back into ProjectWise when the design file is closed, as shown below.The template library can be checked back in after closing the template library from the ProjectWiseExplorer dialog as shown below.502 Templates502-1

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Create TemplateTemplates are created and edited in the template library by choosing Template Create Template fromthe Corridors tab.The dialog is split into several areas. Each area is briefly described on the following pages. See the onlinehelp for information not presented here.502 Templates502-2

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Menu CommandsFileThe File menu contains familiar commands for creating new Templates and new folders within thetemplate library, as well as commands to save and open template libraries,EditThe Edit menu contains commands used when editing templates such as Undo, Redo, Cut, Copy, Paste,etc AddThe Add menu contains commands to add points and components to the active template.ToolsThe Tools menu contains various tools for template creation. The Options and Dynamic Settings menuitems are described on the following page.Tools OptionsSelecting Tools Options displays the Template Options dialog which allows you to specify namingand step options for the current template. Use the Dynamic Settings dialog, detailed on the followingpage, to toggle these settings on/off as you design the template.Naming OptionsComponent Seed NameFrom Feature Definition indicates, when selected, the component name is derivedfrom the style specified when the component is created.Specify indicates, when selected, the component name is specified in the field.Point Seed Name allows you to specify the seed name for point in the current template. Sincepoint names must be unique, the seed name is appended with a different number each timea point is created.502 Templates502-3

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Apply AffixesIndicates, when on, that affixes are applied.Left Prefix/Suffix specifies which prefix/suffix should be added to a point orcomponent when the value is on the left of 0.0 (absolute).Right Prefix/Suffix specifies which prefix/suffix should be added to a point orcomponent when the value is on the right of 0.0 (absolute).Step OptionsThese options are used to specify precision step input for components and points. Thesevalues can also be accessed from the Dynamic Settings dialog.X Step specifies the step increment for the X distance from the dynamic origin. If thisvalue is non-zero, then the cursor moves to the horizontal increments of the specifiedvalue as measured from the dynamic origin.Y Step specifies the step increment for the Y distance from the dynamic origin. If thisvalue is non-zero, then the cursor moves in vertical increments of the specified valueas measured from the dynamic origin.Slope specifies the step increment for slope from the dynamic origin. If this value isnot 0, then the cursor moves in slope increments of the dynamic origin. Slope isapplicable only when the dynamic settings are in horizontal/slope mode.Tools Dynamic SettingsSelect Tools Dynamic Settings to display the Dynamic Settings dialog, which is used for precisioninput of template components and to assign point names and styles when defining components.X:Y/X:Slope toggles between X,Y step lock and X/Slope step lock.X Value displays the current X distance from the dynamic origin.X Step specifies the step increment. If this value is non-zero, then the cursor moves inhorizontal increments of the specified value as measured from the dynamic origin.502 Templates502-4

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Y value displays the current Y distance from the dynamic origin.Y Step specifies the step increment. If this value is non-zero, then the cursor moves in verticalincrements of the specified value as measured from the dynamic origin.Point Name specifies the name of the point to be placed.Point Style allows you to set the style of the point. The style is used to draw feature lines inthe plan view. For ODOT projects, the style CM P Feature Line should be used as the defaultstyle for most template points unless you want to assign a specific style that can be plotted inthe display view 3D model.Apply Affixes specifies, when selected, that point name affixes (prefix or suffix) are to beapplied to the point name when placing points. The Affixes are defined on the TemplateOptions dialog.The Key-in pull down is used to specify the type of key in to be performed. XY key in absolute coordinatesDL key in delta coordinates from last point placed (defaults to the dynamic origin ifit is the first point of a component.HS key in horizontal delta distance and slope from last point placed.VS key in vertical delta distance and slope from last point placed.OL key in delta coordinates from dynamic origin.OS key in horizontal delta distance and slope from dynamic origin.Set Dynamic Origin sets the location of the dynamic origin502 Templates502-5

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Template LibraryOn the left side of the Create Template dialog is the Template Library areawhich contains a Windows-like folder structure. This area is used tomanage the content of the current template library. Two tabs aresupported for the Template Library area as described below.LibraryWhen the Library tab is selected, the Template Library displaysthe contents of the current template library in a familiar Windowsfolder structure as shown at right. The Template Library area alsosupports common Windows functions like drag, drop, cut, paste,etc.If you double-click a template name, it becomes the activetemplate.When a template is selected from the list, the Preview window isused to display a preview of the template.Double-click the template name to set it as the active template.The ODOT category contains various components and end conditions that can be used to buildtemplates for your project.The Project Templates category is used to create new templates for the active project.Active TemplateWhen this tab is selected , the Template Library area displays thecontents of the active template as shown at right.The Active Template option is used to review and edit templatepoints, components, and parameters in a table format.502 Templates502-6

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Creating New Folders and TemplatesTemplates can be organized into folders in the active template library. The Project Templates folder isintended to be used to create new folders and templates for a specific project.To create a new folder, right click on the Project Templates folder and choose the New Folder option.To create a new template, right click on the folder and choose the New Template option.You can also cut, copy and paste templates fromthe ODOT folders to the desired Project Templatesfolder.Current TemplateThe right side of the Create Template dialog is used to display and edit the current template.502 Templates502-7

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020NameShows the name of the current templateDescriptionAllows you to review/edit the current template descriptionDisplayComponents/ConstraintsThis option is used to set the display mode of the template. If Components is selected, then thetemplate components are displayed. If Constraints is selected, then the point constraints for thetemplate are displayed. Template points are always displayed.Display Point NamesToggle this option on to display the template point names.Display All ComponentsWhen this option is checked on, any components that are “hidden” are displayed with dashed lines.Current Template WindowThe Current Template Window is used to display and edit the current template. The window usesits own graphics engine and is not a MicroStation view.A magenta colored box is used to designate the origin of the template.At the bottom of the Current Template Window are view commands similar to the MicroStationview commands.The two buttons that look like MicroStation View Previous and View Next commands are undo andredo commands used on template operations. The CTRL-Z keyboard shortcut can also be used toundo the last template operation.Within the Current Template Window you can right-click to access commonly used templatefunctions. You can also double click template components for editing purposes.502 Templates502-8

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Template PointsWhen the template is processed using the corridor modeling command, the points of a template areconnected to form breakline features. Each point will be connected longitudinally to the next template droplocation to form 3-D longitudinal breakline surface features. The breaklines are drawn using the symbologydefined with the Feature Definition that is assigned to each point.Since the template points are connected to generate the completed surface, establishing a standard name fortemplate features that are used on each template is very important to the quality of the proposed designsurface. For example, if a pavement point is named ACSC T CL on the first template, and it is namedPAVT SURFACE on the next, the software will not automatically connect these points to generate thebreakline feature. Following a point naming convention is important to obtain the best results withCorridor Modeling.It is equally important to ensure that the feature definition assigned to points is consistent from template totemplate.Each template point name must be unique to the template. The software automatically appends a numberto the point name if the same name is used during template creation.There is no limit to the number of points in a template.Template ComponentsA component is a set of points that define an open or closed shape. Each component, whether open orclosed, can represent a different material or area of interest. Components are named and have an assignedfeature style. There are 6 types of components as described below:Simple ComponentsA simple component typically represents a section of pavement. It’s a closed parallelogram (4 constrainedpoints) that is defined by the slope and thickness.Constrained ComponentsA constrained component consists of points that are all restricted to the movement of the first point. Aconstrained point is typically used to manage the behavior of other points in the template. When a point(parent) is moved, any constrained point (child) also moves. This restriction only affects the offset and502 Templates502-9

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020elevation (x,y) of the restrained point and the relationship is unidirectional (movement of child point doesnot move the parent point). Fully constrained points are displayed with a red symbol.Unconstrained ComponentsAn unconstrained component is open or closed-shaped with no movement restrictions. Moving one pointhas no impact on the other points that make up the component.Null PointA null point is a template point that is purposely not related to a specific component. It’s most often used asa reference for controlling other points.End ConditionAn end condition is a special open-shaped component that targets a surface, an elevation, or an alignment.End conditions are typically used to define cut and fill slope solutions.Overlay/Stripping ComponentsA specialized component type that is used for defining pavement planning and overlay materials.502 Templates502-10

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020CircleCircular components can be created as shown in the example below.Creating Template ComponentsODOT provides an example template library that contains several commonly used components. Thesecomponents can be used to build templates. It may also be necessary to make specialized components tomeet specific project requirements.Components are added to the current templateby selecting the component that you wish toadd from the Add pull-down menu, or by rightclicking in the Current Template window toaccess the Add New Component menu shownat right.As new components are created, the Current Component portion of the Create Templates dialog is used todefine the Name, Style, and any other relevant parameters for the component type being created.In the example below, a simple component is created representing a single lane of pavement.502 Templates502-11

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Before placing the component in the template, various options are available to control how the template isplaced by right-clicking in the template window to reveal the menu shown below.Change placement Point can be used to change which component point is used as the point placedat the point you specify. Each time this command is selected, the placement point will move in aclockwise direction to the next point in the component.Mirror will create the original component as well as a mirrored component reflected horizontallyabout the template origin.Reflect will create a single component reflected about the template origin.The Mirror and Reflect options are toggles that are turned on or off and remain active. The on/offstatus of the Mirror and Reflect options is displayed at the bottom right corner of the CreateTemplates dialog.Select Set Dynamic Origin to set the location of the dynamic origin. The dynamic origin is indicated by thepurple box in the template display window.502 Templates502-12

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Point Names and AffixesWhen components are added to a template, the points that make up the component are named according tothe Point Name and the Pont Style defined in the Dynamic Settings dialog (Tools Dynamic Settings).The Point Name is automatically appended with the number 1, and the appended number is automaticallyincremented for each point in the component as shown in the example below.The Point Name can be keyed in or selected from the drop-down menu. When selected from themenu, the Point Style is automatically assigned for the point according to ODOT standards.The point and component name designations are a bit cryptic. A listing of the point and componentnames can be reviewed in the following document in the OHDOT Standards:.\OHDOT\Standards\Template Library\OHDOT RoadwayTemplateDefinitions.xlxsThe Apply Affixes option is used to add a user defined prefix or suffix to the point name. In theexample below a simple component was added with the Mirror option toggled on (as thecomponent is being placed, right-click to reveal a menu to choose the Mirror option). The prefix of“L-“ is applied to the points on the left side of the template. The prefix of “R-“ is applied to the pointson the right side of the template.The affixes are defined in the Template Options dialog.Tip: As a rule, affixes should not be applied to templates that contain individual components thatwill be used as “building blocks” for complete roadway templates. This is because the componentmay be used on either the left or right side of the template. Affixes should always be applied whencreating completed templates for use with Roadway Designer.502 Templates502-13

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Note that all the points of the component are named using the currently defined Point Name. In theexample on the previous page, the points were placed using the ACSC T CL (Asphalt ConcreteSurface Course Top Center Line) point name. After the component is placed, it is necessary torename the points and assigned feature definitions to ensure that the points and 3D line strings aredrawn using the appropriate standards. This can be done by double-clicking on each point to accessthe Point Properties dialog shown below.The Name can be typed in or selected from the drop-down list. If the Name is selected from the list,the associated Feature Definition is automatically defined. The Point Properties dialog is coveredlater in this document.Reviewing and Editing Point and Component NamesPoint and component names can easily be reviewed and edited using the Active Template tab as shownbelow.Right-click on a point or component name to reveal the menushown at left. Choose Rename to rename the selectedelement.The Item and Value list, shown below the elements, is usedto review various parameters but cannot be used for editing.Choose the Edit option for more editing operations.Points and components can also be edited by doubleclicking on a point or component in the template window.The Point Properties and Component Properties dialogs arecovered later in this document.Note: The Feature Definition cannot be edited using theActive Template editing options.502 Templates502-14

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Drag and Drop Component OperationsA previously created template component can be included in the active template by use of drag and dropoperations. Select a previously drawn component from the active template library and drag the componentinto the Current Template window. The component dynamically floats on the cursor. Release the mousebutton to drop the component at the desired location.While dragging the component in the Current Template window, right-click anywhere in the CurrentTemplate window to access the placement options discussed previously (Mirror, Reflect, etc )When connecting two components by dragging a component into the active template, the connecting pointwill change to a white colored plus sign prior to placing the component to indicate that the points arecoincident. The point name from the previously placed component will be retained. Point names can beedited at any time during the template creation process.In the example below, a previously defined curb and gutter component is placed at the edge of pavement inthe active template (New Template1) by dragging the Curb – Type 2 component and dropping it on theright edge of pavement point. The Mirror option is turned on, with Apply Affixes also toggled on, to placethe curb and gutter on both sides of the pavement.502 Templates502-15

Ohio Department of TransportationOffice of CADD and Mapping ServicesMay, 2020Component EditingComponents are edited by double-clicking on a component to open the Component Properties dialogshown below.See the online help for details oneach of these parameters.Issue a right mouse click on a previously drawn component to access the m

The Project Templates folder is intended to be used to create new folders and templates for a specific project. To create a new folder, right click on the Project Templates folder and choose the New Folder option. To create a new template, right click on the folder and choose the New Template option. You can also cut, copy and paste .