MANUAL - Volvo Car Club. Volvo Owners Car Club For Volvo .

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A/C-HEATER SYSTEM - MANUAL 1995 Volvo 8501995-96 Manual A/C-Heater SystemsVolvo 850* PLEASE READ THIS FIRST *WARNING: To avoid injury from accidental air bag deployment,read and carefully follow all SERVICE PRECAUTIONS andDISABLING & ACTIVATING AIR BAG SYSTEM procedures in theAIR BAG RESTRAINT SYSTEM article in the ACCESSORIES/SAFETYEQUIPMENT section.CAUTION: When battery or radio is disconnected, radio will go intoanti-theft protection mode. Obtain radio code anti-theftprotection code from owner prior to servicing vehicle.A/C SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONSSPECIFICATIONS ApplicationSpecificationCompressor Type . Zexel DKS-15CH 6-cyl.Compressor Belt Tension (1)System Oil Capacity . ( 2) 6.8 ozs.Refrigerant Capacity (R-134a) . 26.4 ozs.System Operating Pressures (3) High Side . 406-450 psi (28.5-31.6 kg/cm )Low Side . 25-33 psi (1.8-2.3 kg/cm )(1) - Belt tension is maintained by automatic belt tensioner.(2) - Use PAG Oil (Part No. 11 61 407-0)(3) - Pressure switch cut-out points. DESCRIPTION & OPERATIONSystem is equipped with a cycling clutch system that uses anexpansion valve in refrigerant line between condenser and evaporator,near condenser. System is engaged when A/C switch on control panel ispressed. See Fig. 1. Pressure switch on accumulator cycles compressorclutch on and off. Blower fan speed is controlled by sliding switch onlower left of A/C-heater control panel.Airflow modes are controlled by center knob on A/C-heatercontrol panel. Mode doors are controlled by cables on left side ofclimate control unit. See Fig. 2. Temperature blend (air mix) doors,located on driver and passenger side respectively, is selected by leftor right knob on A/C-heater control panel. Doors are controlled bycables on left side and center of climate control unit.Fresh/recirculated air is selected by switch to lower rightof mode knob on A/C-heater control panel. Door is controlled byrecirculation motor on upper half of climate control unit. Airconditioning system will only operate above 32 F (0 C). Blower switchmust be in position "1" or higher to engage compressor.A/C compressor is connected in series with the low-pressureswitch, high-pressure switch, and safety switch. The high-pressure andsafety switch cut power to the A/C compressor if pressure in the A/Chigh-pressure circuit becomes excessive, supplying a signal to ECM to

start cooling fan. Low-pressure switch (pressostat) turns A/Ccompressor on and off to maintain pressure within limits.Fig. 1: A/C-Heater System Control PanelCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Climate Control UnitCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.ADJUSTMENTS

NOTE:Adjust all cables at climate control unit first.CLIMATE CONTROL UNIT CABLESRemove lower dash panels. Disconnect cable sleeve (pop out)from appropriate cable at climate control unit.Left & Right Temperature ControlAdjust temperature control knobs to zero. Push appropriatetemperature damper down to end of travel. Push temperature dampercable into sleeve. See Fig. 3. If this adjustment is not satisfactory,see A/C-HEATER CONTROL PANEL CABLES.Ventilation & Floor/Defrost Cable AdjustmentSet mode switch to defrost position. Push ventilation andfloor/defrost damper levers back to end of travel. Push temperaturedamper cable into sleeve. See Fig. 3. If this adjustment is notsatisfactory, see A/C-HEATER CONTROL PANEL CABLES.A/C-HEATER CONTROL PANEL CABLES1) Remove lower dash panels. Disconnect all cable sleeves(pop out) from cables at climate control unit. See Fig. 3. Remove 4cables from damper levers.2) Remove control knobs and blower fan switch button fromA/C-heater control panel. Remove 2 screws and A/C-heater control panelfront. Remove A/C-heater control panel. Disconnect light connector.3) To adjust, pry appropriate cable from clip. Inserttemperature control cable into clip where cable exits from cover.Insert ventilation and floor/defrost cables .670" (17 mm) from wherecable exits from cover. See Fig. 4.Fig. 3: Identifying Climate Control Unit CablesCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.

Fig. 4: Identifying Manual A/C-Heater Control Panel CablesCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.TESTINGA/C SYSTEM PERFORMANCE1) Close hood and front doors. Operate engine at 2000 RPM.Turn blower on third speed. Set temperature knob to cool setting.Select panel vent position on airflow mode control knob. Selectrecirculated air (button pressed).2) Open panel vents. Turn on A/C. After 8 minutes, ensurecompressor cycles on and off.Placethermometer in center vent. Ensure ductis 41-46 F (5-8 C) when ambient temperature is 68- temperature 86 F (20-30 C), or 46-54 F (8-12 C) when ambient temperature is 104 F(40 C).REMOVAL & INSTALLATIONWARNING: To avoid injury from accidental air bag deployment,read and carefully follow all SERVICE PRECAUTIONS andDISABLING & ACTIVATING AIR BAG SYSTEM procedures in theAIR BAG RESTRAINT SYSTEM article in the ACCESSORIES/SAFETYEQUIPMENT section.A/C HEATER CONTROL PANELRemoval & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove lower dashpanels. Disconnect all cable sleeves (pop out) from cables at climatecontrol unit. See Fig. 3. Remove 4 cables from damper levers.2) Remove control knobs and blower fan switch button from

A/C-heater control panel. Remove 2 screws and A/C-heater control panelfront. Remove A/C-heater control panel. Disconnect light connector. Toinstall, reverse removal procedure.CLIMATE CONTROL UNITRemoval & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove dashboardassembly. See DASHBOARD. Discharge A/C system, using approvedrefrigerant recovery/recycling equipment. Disconnect evaporator inletand outlet pipes, and cap both ends. Remove evaporator cover plate andgasket from firewall. See Fig. 5.2) Disconnect heater hose quick-disconnect couplings. Removeheater hose cover plate and gasket from firewall. Inside vehicle,disconnect A/C-heater control cables and all electrical connectorsfrom climate control unit. Remove relay shelf. See Fig. 2.3) Remove tunnel console. Remove kick panels next to tunnel.Remove rear floor ducts connection hose. Remove radio amplifierbracket. Disconnect cruise control vacuum cylinder, if equipped.Remove climate control unit. To install, reverse removal procedure.Lubricate NEW "O" rings with compressor oil. Evacuate and chargesystem.Fig. 5: Identifying Evaporator & Heater Core ConnectionsCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.COMPRESSOR

Removal & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Discharge A/C system,using approved refrigerant recovery/recycling equipment. Remove airintake hose and hose connection to fan cover. Remove control box airintake hoses and Electronic Control Units (ECUs) from control box.2) Remove control box air intake hoses and disconnect inlethose connector to fan cover. Remove fan cover. Disconnect relays andcables from fan cover (2 tie straps).3) Remove 4 screws and fan cover. Remove relay shelf andspacers. Disconnect 2-pin connector from fan relay and connector fromfan motor. Remove fan cover. See Fig. 6.4) Shield radiator. Disconnect harness connectors fromcompressor. Disconnect snap-on connectors on receiver-drier. Removeright side headlight casing. Remove receiver-drier bracket screw.5) Remove air guide. With bracket hooked onto side member,lift receiver/drier out. Plug receiver-drier pipe ends. Disconnectdrive belt.6) Disconnect compressor connector and temperature sensor.Remove compressor. To install, reverse removal procedure. LubricateNEW "O" rings with compressor oil. Evacuate and charge system.Fig. 6: Removing Cooling Fan ComponentsCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.CONDENSERNOTE:When replacing condenser, always replace "O" rings andsnap-on connections.Removal & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Discharge A/C system,using approved refrigerant recovery/recycling equipment. Disconnectair intake hose. Remove hose connector to fan cover.2) Remove Electronic Control Units (ECUs) from control unit

box. Disconnect control unit box air intake hoses. Remove inlet hoseconnector to fan cover. Disconnect relays from relay casing. Remove 4screws to disconnect fan cover, and fold cover back towards engine.Remove relay shelf and spacers. See Fig. 6.3) Disconnect pipes from condenser and cap. Disconnect highpressure sensor connector. Remove high pressure sensor. Disconnectcondenser screws. Lift condenser out.4) To install, reverse removal procedure. Transfer highpressure sensor and rubber gasket to NEW condenser. Lubricate NEW "O"rings with compressor oil. Evacuate and charge system.DASHBOARDNOTE:Dashboard consists of 5 main sections: upper frame, lowerframe (left and right), defroster duct and dashboard cover.Except for dashboard cover, all the main sections are gluedtogether and cannot be separated.Removal & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Disable air bag system.See AIR BAG RESTRAINT SYSTEM article in the ACCESSORIES/SAFETYEQUIPMENT section. From engine compartment, remove windshield wipernuts, windshield wiper well cover panel screws and wiper well. Removewiper motor mountings.2) From passenger compartment, remove air bag module. Marksteering wheel position relative to steering wheel shaft. Removesteering wheel nuts and steering wheel. Remove steering wheel stalks.3) Remove steering wheel stalk connector. Remove left andright side sound proofing, side defroster, left and right side speakercovers, and speakers.4) Remove dashboard mounting screws and glove box. Removeradio. Remove A/C-heater control panel knobs and retaining screws.Disconnect connectors and remove A/C-heater control panel fromdashboard. Remove cigarette lighter connector. Lift off dashboard. Toinstall, reverse removal procedure.EVAPORATORRemoval & InstallationDisconnect negative battery cable. Remove dashboard assembly.See DASHBOARD. Remove climate control unit. SeeCLIMATE CONTROL UNIT. Remove evaporator cover screws and clips. Liftout evaporator. See Fig. 7. To install, reverse removal procedure.Lubricate NEW "O" rings with compressor oil. Evacuate and chargesystem.Fig. 7: Removing EvaporatorCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.HEATER CORE

Removal & Installation1) Clamp off hoses to heater core in engine compartment atfirewall. Remove center console kick panels. Remove underdash trimpanels. Remove radio amplifier bracket.2) Remove drain hose. See Fig. 8. Remove heater core casescrews. Disconnect heater hose pipes. Remove heater core and heatercore case as an assembly by pulling towards rear of vehicle. Removeheater core from heater core case. To install, reverse removalprocedure.Fig. 8: Removing Heater CoreCourtesy of Volvo Cars of North America.RECEIVER-DRIERRemoval & Installation1) Disconnect negative battery cable. Discharge A/C system,using approved refrigerant recovery/recycling equipment. Disconnectair intake hose and remove hose connector to fan cover. Remove controlunit air intake hoses and Electronic Control Units (ECUs) from controlunit box.2) Remove control unit box air intake hoses and remove inlet

hose connector to fan cover. Remove fan cover. Disconnect relays andwires from fan cover. Remove 4 screws and fan cover. Remove relaycasing and spacers. Disconnect 2-pin connector from fan relay andconnector from fan motor. Remove fan cover. See Fig. 6.3) Shield radiator. Disconnect suction pipe from compressor.Disconnect snap-on connectors from receiver-drier. Remove right sideheadlight cover. Remove screw from receiver-drier bracket.4) Remove air guide. Remove receiver-drier and bracket. Withbracket suspended from side member, lift receiver/drier out. Removereceiver-drier from bracket.5) To install, reverse removal procedure. When replacingreceiver-drier, fill NEW receiver-drier with 3 ozs. of oil. LubricateNEW "O" rings with compressor oil. Evacuate and charge system.TORQUE SPECIFICATIONSTORQUE SPECIFICATIONS ApplicationFt. Lbs. (N.m)Compressor Bracket Bolt .Compressor Bracket-To-Compressor .Compressor Bracket-To-Frame .Compressor Inlet Fitting .Compressor Outlet Fitting .Compressor Pipe Flange Bolt .Condenser Inlet & Outlet .Expansion Valve .Receiver-Drier Connection )(30)INCH Lbs. (N.m)High Pressure Sensor Connection.7 (10) WIRING DIAGRAMS

Fig. 9:Manual A/C-Heater System Wiring Diagram

1995 Volvo 850 1995-96 Manual A/C-Heater Systems Volvo 850 * PLEASE READ THIS FIRST * . WIRING DIAGRAMS. Fig. 9: Manual A/C-Heater System Wiring Diagram. Title: Volvo 850 Manual AC Heater Systems (MCC) Author: Volvo Owners Club UK Created Date: 0-01-01T00:00:00Z .