Dive Operation Risk Assessment And General Safety Information

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9 Morley Fold, Denby Dale, HD8 8XDProprietor: Steve BatemanDive OperationRisk Assessment andGeneral Safety Information2011CREW COPY

.Crew Informationplease readOfficially a ‘dive trip’ is one that has been organised by ProScuba or one in which ProScuba divecrew are working or leading. THIS INCLUDES ADVERTISED DIVES ON ANY MEDIA FORMATTHAT AS ASSOCIATION WITH US.We must enforce minimum requirements to all diving activities. Any person involved in our trips mustfulfil the requirements and expectations of our business. We have a duty of care to everybodyparticipating or associated in any dive operation in which we have involvement. We must not justjump in with anyone – check log books and certifications. Talk and ask, don’t assume a diver iscompetent.To participate in any dive operation, then one of these requirements must be met by all diversinvolved – including crew:1. Qualified for the expected dive with recent log book experience2. Under Supervision or being guided within industry standards3. Under tuition or participating in a course with ProScubaPlus there must be some paperwork (even for qualified divers tagging along): A student record file with full details, including next of kinA recent Medical form on fileA Statement of risks and liability form on fileA Standard safe diving practice statement of understanding formThis is for protection of all involved. We do not take risks; we run and manage all activities to currentguidelines and the HSE. We also have to abide by the rules of the countries we operate and teach in.Training helps us all become better divers. The more we practice the better we become. Iencourage everyone to undertake further training or update and review skills, if only for thesake of making themselves safer divers.It is strongly recommended that after Inactivity or periods of none diving, a must diver seek askill orientation and updates. THIS INCLUDES PADI PROFESSIONALS & CREW, especially forworking with divers as a guide or students.As professionals we must show professionalism in our attitude, mannerisms and conversations. Wemust show enthusiasm to all aspects of our sport. A positive attitude results in more diving foreveryone. Negative aspects and comments must be avoided around clients and students. We havechosen this route, it doesn’t matter how crap and boring, or how cold and knackered we get – SMILEand NOD, enjoy and get a drink off the darlings! The rewards and satisfaction of introducing orleading a person to their fulfilment is justification for being a PROFESSIONAL!Lastly, please familiarise yourselves with our policy of working with children and vulnerable people.We have policy document that is directly taken from PADI and BSAC (a copy is in the dive operationbox). I would expect a CRB check for anyone working with children or vulnerable groups. I can sortthis out if you require one.Page 1 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

2011 AddendumAll dive professional crew must have an up-to-date HSE medical and personal professional liabilityinsurance. To be in teaching status your PADI fee’s must be paid and up-to date.Diving must keep to within recreational limits, i.e. 40m. (unless you are trained to go beyond this)No dives are to take place under ice, without certification and the minimum age is 18 years of age.All ice dives must have the minimum team requirements, safety team and rigging equipment. No-onemust enter the water under ice without ‘thermal protection and rope’ Safety equipment must includespare ropes, ice axes, sledge hammer etc.Lifting and manual handling: A max weight of 25kg is to be lifted. So please help to lift twin setsand weight integrated BCD’s, do not do them on your own.Instructors, dive guides and safety divers must be in control of student divers. Under nocircumstances must other activities be engaged (i.e. photography etc). This is a HSE and PADIstandard.We must have shore cover for all ProScuba related dive operations. Shore cover must complete allrelevant paperwork, and must be at the water front whilst divers are in the water. Dive instructors andguides must indicate route and approx in-water time to shore cover. ProScuba recommend a max inwater dive time of 60 mins.All crew must have an up-to-date First Aid certificate.For all crew we recommend having completed certification in:Dry Suit CertificationEnriched Air (Nitrox)Search & RecoveryOxygen AdministratorEquipment SpecialityDeep DiveNight DiverPage 2 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Risk Assessment and General Safety InformationActivity:The main activity of scuba diving is outside everyday living experiences. Complete trainingwill be given to bring risk to an acceptable level and by adopting principles of the UK diveindustry and PADI safe practice and standards.Crew team:Experience and qualified at the appropriate level: A minimum operation team of threepeople (instructor, safety diver and shore support) will be maintained throughout thetraining session. Supervision will be supported at a ratio appropriate to the groups needs.All team crew will be introduced at each briefing sessions. All crew have been approved forworking with children and those deemed as vulnerable.Dive Supervisor: This is the person in overall charge of the dive operation. This may be anymember of the dive team but the position will be appointed in writing in accordance withHSE guidelines.Instructor/Dive leader: This is the person personally in charge of the dive. In water theywill conduct all training and skill evaluations with students. They will have been appointed bythe dive supervisor. (A crew record file is required for this position)Certified assistants: May be used to facilitate the ratios appropriate to site conditions andto maintain direct supervision in accordance with standards.Safety Diver: This is designated diver who can in an emergency carry out a rescue or help inan emergency situation. This divers only responsibility is that of safety cover and as suchwill not conduct in training or evaluation. A student diver under instruction may beappointed if the dive supervisor feels they could assist.Shore Support: The job here is to dive marshal the whole operation. Help with equipmentallocation and assistance where necessary. Provide and monitor waterside support.Administer and coordinate emergency procedures. Remain vigilant and in a state ofreadiness on the shore. Tend to the administration documentation during the dive operation.Equipment:As the diving contractor we shall ensure suitable and sufficient equipment is available tocarry out the dive project.Each diver will conduct the dive, with the equipment according to the standards set out byPADI and the HSE. Depth gauges may be in the form of a computer.Crew teams must have signalling devices and at least one DSMB with reel.Equipment maintenance schedules are available on request. A pre-dive visual inspection willbe carried out by the dive supervisor.Shore support personnel will have a First Aid Kit and Oxygen resuscitation equipmentavailable throughout dive operations, this may be kept in the operation vehicle, if the site iscovered by other sets at the waters edge.ProScuba have a complete emergency medical kit available at site locations. This includesoxygen, defibrillation equipment, pain relief (none dive related incidents), stretchers andcollars. Our vehicle is set out to deal with incidents from minor accidents and illnesstreatments to major trauma.Page 3 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Air Cylinders:Our bottles are marked as per their contents and status.Full - air only fills will have Blue taped valves.Full - nitrox (enriched air) will have green/yellow taped valves. These will alsohave indicated there approximate % value. All contents must analysed and checked prior touse. None qualified divers using nitrox mixes - must be verified by DM or above with anitrox ticket. All persons using our mixes must be signed for in the nitrox log.NONE TAPED BOTTLES MUST BE REGARDED AS EMPTYRiskManual handlingHazardMusculo-Skeletal injury due toinexperience in handling diveequipment.Feet (crush) injuryControlVehicles to be parked as close as possible toentrance to water.Complete and detailed demonstration of howto handle heavy dive equipment.Encourage the use of buddy system in donningand doffing equipment.Ensure components are placed as near to thewater entry point, prior to assembly.NOTE: BCD’s with integrated weightsor heavy twinsets should not be liftedby Staff or crew. Use very carefuljudgement.Slips and fallsSlipping and falling(1) on paths, car park(2) On Rocks(2) Warn all persons on the site of the hazard ofmoving around the site locations.(3) Walls and entry areasNo running.Medical illnessExacerbation of respiratoryand circulatory medicalconditions.Water HazardDrowningExertion and fatigue(1) Warn all persons arriving at the site that thearea can be slippery when wet or icy.Encourage rubber soled dive boots for safety.All participants to read and sign a medicalstatement.Where any issues are raised as a result of thisstatement, medical advice must be soughtand a written fitness certificate obtained froma medical practitioner.Students must be able to swim beforeparticipating in any in-water session.At least one member of crew must besupervising when customers are about.There must be at least two people in the waterat all times, one of which one must be atrained crew member.A short site briefing is to take place. Point outexits, first aid provision and the emergencyprocedures related to specific site locationsPoint out nearest telephone.A pole or line must be on side for rescue andassistance.In-water numbers will be in accordance withlocal protocol and standards. This may bereduced depending on site location, weatherand students abilities.Page 4 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Diving cylinders andequipmentManual HandlingSee above for manual handling.MalfunctionRegular service and visual inspection of all diveequipment to prevent malfunction.Sudden air releaseContaminated airDivingBarotraumasAscents and DescentsDCS injuriesIf contaminated air is suspected – remove fromservice and mark the cylinder to the effect.Vent off and have cylinder cleaned as soon aspossible. Report in accident book.Students to be initiated to shallow water.Gradually acclimatize students to depth andpressure.Lung injuriesGeneral diving hazardsDrowningDiving in water too deep tostand in.BarotraumaDiving medical emergenciesSudden air release must be shut down andnoted in the accident book.Rules to relation to breathing normally andequalizing pressure to be reinforcedthroughout all sessions.Rules to normal ascents and descents must bereinforced throughout all sessions.Students must be able to swim beforeparticipating in any in-water session.Loss of controlLoss of BuoyancyStudents to be initiated to shallow water.Gradually acclimatize students to depth andpressure.Rules to relation to breathing normally andequalizing pressure to be reinforcedthroughout all sessions.PanicAll diving to take place in the presence ofmember of crew.Entry into water (stride entry)into deep waterShallow water entry bymistakeIn-water numbers will be in accordance withlocal protocol and standards. This may bereduced depending on site location, weatherand students abilities.Orientate and point out the deep and shallowwater.Loss of controlEncourage rubber soled dive boots for safety.Slipping before entrySupervised all deep entries only.Falling against sideMake sure BCD have air in.WeatherAnxietyFree Flowing regulatorsAir TemperatureHypothermiaWater TemperatureFrost biteSun and HeatHyperthermia, Sun Stoke andHeat exhaustionFog or sea fretInsectsIceVisibility on surfaceWeather is to be appropriate to dive operationand experience of the group. This is to beassessed by the Dive Supervisor on the day.IF YOU HAVE ANY CONCERNS please talk tothem.Air and water temperatures below 7oc must betreated has HIGH RISK with regards to allhazards.Sun Lotion, insect repellent and water are tobe carried by the team on hot sunny days.If you can not see the water due to badvisibility, then wait until you can. Audiblesignalling must be carried by everybody.Page 5 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

DepthLittle or no ntVisibilityOverhead environmentsOut of Air distance to surfaceWrecksBad Air pocketsDrifts and currentsSwept away form entry exitRecreational diving limits apply. 12m for none qualified divers 18m for Open Water diversFor qualified divers the limit of training andexperience will be the deciding factor. This asgeneral rule will be a maximum of 40m.Some ProScuba rules: For dives below 30m, redundancy airsystems must be considered. For dives beyond 18m each diver musthave a dive computer. NO DIVE should exceed 50m.Navigation and orientation is vital. As crew youwill be expected to lead with very little doubtand error. Individuals wishing to guide must beable to follow a planned dive route and beable to exit as per plan. Know you way –practice, orientate and understand your divesites prior to leading.Use site maps to brief students.Brief divers regarding buoyancy and depthcontrol to help maintain visibility.Use careful judgement in low visibilityconditions. Buddy lines may used in extremecircumstances. Lights and strobes can be usefulFor any dive where there is some overheadenvironment then the 40m linear distance rulesapply.No stopping in air bells or air pockets.Carry signalling devices on all dives, especiallyif drifts are suspected. Each team to carry SMB.All diver training is conducted under HSE guidelines in association with PADI standards.This list is not exhaustive; always perform a pre dive dynamic risk assessment before divingAbandonment near to entryIf a diver is not able to continue or start a dive, then the procedures are as follows:If a diver is within 15m (50ft) of the shore, then a buoyant surface swim must be made to theexit. The Instructor or Safety Diver must supervise this, with help from the shore support.Shore support must maintain visual reference and communicate with the divers involved.Diver Separation and Dive Emergency:In the unlikely event of a diver separation underwater: The group will stop and wait one minutewhile looking round then do a normal ascent. All students and crew will be told, that on separation,wait one minute then surface to be reunited with the rest of the dive team.If Diver is not found at the surface then the alarm is to be raised after performing a primarysurface search. On completion of an emergency - a surface evaluation will then be made by theinstructor. Once on the surface the group is to get together and a surface evaluation made. Thena decision on how the dive will continue needs to be made by the whole team.Page 6 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Capernwray Dive CentreSite:Address:Jackdaw Quarry, Capernwray Rd, Over Kellet. CARNFORTH LA6 1AD01524 735132Environment:The Capernwray site is an established dive centre, with vehicular access and car parking.The centre is set in a rural area providing a flooded quarry within close proximity to majorroad networks. The site is very well contained with toilets, changing area, café and shop.Risk evaluation on the dry-side of this site is perceived to be low.E’gency Support:First aid and comprehensive medical support is available. All instructors and crew are firstaid trained and can administer emergency oxygen. Safety cover is also provided byCapernwray centre, these include – a fast, in-water RIB for rescue, waterside emergencytelephone system direct to centre staff, oxygen, and first aid. The site is accessible foremergency vehicles to the water edge.A fixed telephone landline is available on the dive operation site, all major networks, mobilephones work at this location.Recompression:The nearest recompression chamber is at the:North West Emergency Recompression Unit (NWERU)BUPA Murrayfield HospitalTelephone 0151 648 8000 (24 hrs emergency)Notes:The site on quiet days can be regarded as confined water. This needs careful consideration by crewinvolved. If it is used then this must be kept to within 6m. Only to be used when the watertemperature is more than 14oc (except for dry-suit orientations).Page 7 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Site:Stoney Cove Dive CentreAddress:Sapcote Rd, Stoney Stanton, Leiestershire. LE9 9DW01455 273089Environment:The Stoney site is an established dive centre, with vehicular access and car parking. Thecentre is set in a semi- rural area providing a flooded quarry within close proximity to majorroad networks. The site is very well contained with toilets, changing area, café and shop.Risk evaluation on the dry-side of this site is perceived to be medium, due to possible longwalk from car parking.E’gency Support:First aid and comprehensive medical support is available. All instructors and crew are firstaid trained and can administer emergency oxygen. Safety cover is also provided by StoneyCove, these include – a fast, in-water RIB for rescue, waterside emergency system directto centre staff, oxygen, and first aid. The site is accessible for emergency vehicles to thewater edge.A fixed telephone landline is available on the dive operation site, all major network, mobilephones work at this location.Recompression:The nearest recompression chambers is at the:North West Emergency Recompression UnitAddress Murrayfield Hospital Holmwood DriveThingwall Wirral CH61 1AUPrincipal medical director Dr John HarrisonDay time phone numbers 0151 648 8000Emergency phone numbers 0151 648 800024 hour cover YesChamber proximity to supporting hospital On site (not a BUPAchamber)Name and address of supporting hospital Murrayfield HospitalHolmwood Drive Thingwall Wirral CH61 1AU 0151 648 7000Chamber proximity to helicopter/winch point On site Time to mobilisechamber Less than 30 mins Category of chamber Category 1Responsible health authority or trust N/ANorth of England Medical Hyperbaric UnitAddress BUPA Hospital Lowfield Road Anlaby Hull HU10 7AZPrincipal medical director Mr Paul Grout Day time phone numbers01482 659471Emergency phone numbers 01489 65947124 hour cover YesChamber proximity to supporting hospital On siteName and address of supporting hospital BUPA Hospital Hull HU107AZ Chamber proximity to helicopter/winch point On site Time tomobilise chamber 60 minutesCategory of chamber Category 1Responsible health authority or trust East Riding Health AuthorityRoyal Navy Doctor 07831 151523Notes:Page 8 of 15 ProScuba/Steve Bateman version 01/01/2011

Site:Vivian QuarryAddress:Parc Pwledig Padern, Llanberis, Caernarfon. LL55 4TY01286 870889IMPORTANT NOTES:The entry point at this location is straight into 14m of deep water. The water temperatureis cooler than many other dive sites. Please take care and make sure all divers are aware ofthe fact.I strongly recommend that this site is not used for Discover Dive Divers or Dives one andtwo of any Open Water Course. It is very limited to 12m or above for training purposes.Environment:Vivian Quarry is borderline with regards to altitude diving especially if the pressure is lessthan 1000mb at sea level. We recommend that when returning home; avoid any increase inaltitude and heading towards Bangor and the A55The site is an established dive centre. The centre users a municipal car park area, wherethere is a museum, café and shops. There are toilets in the car park. A small dive shop atthe entrance to the quarry. Air fill are available. The centre is set in a rural developmentarea providing a flooded quarry. Risk evaluation on the dry-side of this site is perceived tobe medium, due to possible long walk from car parking.E’gency Support:First aid and comprehensive medical support is only available by our dive team. Allinstructors and crew are first aid trained and can administer emergency oxygen

Risk Assessment and General Safety Information Activity: The main activity of scuba diving is outside everyday living experiences. Complete training will be given to bring risk to an acceptable level and by adopting principles of the UK dive industry and PADI safe practice and standards.