Puppy & Dog Training Tips

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Puppy & Dog Training Tips

Table of Contents1) Preparing for Your New Puppy or Doga. Family Responsibilitiesb. Preparing Your Homei. Feedingii. Crate Trainingiii. Dog bedsiv. Importance of Playc. Transporting Your Dogi. Restraining Your Dogii. Vehicle Temperatures2) Bringing Home Your New Puppy or Doga. What You Need for Pick-upb. Introductions to Another Dogc. Introductions to a Catd. Exploring Your Homee. House Training3) Grooming and Medical Carea. Groomingb. Medical Carei. Medical Recordsii. Signs of a Healthy or Sick Dogiii. Heartworm and Flea & Tick Preventioniv. Hot Weather and Your Dogv. Cold Weather and You Dogvi. First Aid and CPR Training4) Traininga. Importance of Trainingb. Common Behavioral Issuesi. Chewingii. Separation Anxietyiii. Resource Guardingc. Trainers and Training Resourcesi. Selecting a Trainerii. Dog Socializationiii. Animal Rescue of the Rockies Suggested Trainers2

Preparing for Your New Puppy or DogFamily ResponsibilitiesGetting a new dog or puppy is an exciting time! It is a decision that should bethought about carefully and then prepared for prior to bringing your new familymember home. Your new dog or puppy is going to look for you to be his leader. Bynature, dogs are social animals and like to be part of a group, but that group musthave a leader. That leader must be you in order to maintain order.Your dog is going to depend on you to manage the following aspects of his care:Safety: A secure area so your dog cannot escape outdoors. Make sure your dog ison a leash when needed. Maintain a safe home environment. Always have an I.D.on your dog’s collar and be sure your dog is microchipped and registered. Medical Care: Ensure he is up-to-date on all vaccinations, wellness exams,heartworm prevention, and blood work as recommended. You are responsiblefor being watchful of changes to his health and routine grooming. Social Skills/Manners: Training and socialization are essential for your newdog and puppy. Order in the Home: It is your responsibility to maintain order in your home.If your dog is destructive, i.e. chewing shoes, etc. put your shoes away andprovides more appropriate mind-challenging toys for him to chew on. If he isgetting into the trash, cover the trash, or put it into a cabinet with a childlatch. A dog needs to be taught what is and is not appropriate behavior. Theyare not born or brought into a new home knowing these behaviors.Preparing Your HomeIn order to make the transition for your new family member as smooth as possiblefrom his current location to your new home, there are some items you should thinkabout and prepare for in advance.FeedingUnlike humans, dogs eat the same food at each meal. A quick change in their dietcan cause stomach upset and diarrhea. The best way to transition their food is tocontinue them on what they are currently eating and select what you would like tofeed them, if you decide you want to change. We suggest only purchasing a smallbag of the new food in case they don’t like it or have a reaction to it. Werecommend feeding a high-quality, grain-free food vs. the cheaper grocery storebrands. Feeding higher quality foods will help keep your dog healthier. Over acourse of seven (7) days you will gradually decrease the amount of the current foodand increase the amount of the new food. It is best to feed adult dogs (over 5months of age) two times per day, once in the morning and once in theevening. Puppies under 5 months of age should be fed three to four timesper day.3

Crate TrainingCrate training is a wonderful tool for you and your dog. A crate is an excellent wayto house train a puppy or adult dog. Dogs do not like to soil where they sleep, andthey instinctively like a small space to make them feel safe. A crate can also beused to provide a quiet restful place for your dog or puppy. It may also be helpful inthe future if your pet has a medical issue that requires limited activity and rest.Your dog will already be used to the crate and spending time there will not betraumatic.Purchasing the Correct Size CrateIt is important to purchase the correct size crate for your dog. You will want topurchase a crate that is large enough for your adult dog to stand up, turn around,and lay flat on his side for comfort. If you are purchasing a crate for a puppy, youcan purchase a large crate with a divider that you can adjust as he grows. This linkprovides a guide to purchasing the right size crate for your adult your-dog-for-a-crate/.Some dogs prefer the plastic airline style crates to the open wire style crates. If youare adopting an older dog and have a wire crate, and your dog doesn’t seemcomfortable in the new wire crate, try covering it with a blanket to make it feelmore like a den.Introducing Your Dog to the CrateYou always want your dog to associate positive things with the crate. A crate shouldnever be used as punishment! Some dogs may take longer to warm up to theircrate than others. However, the process of introducing a dog to his crate is thesame for all dogs. You just need to take the process slower for more fearful dogs.Keep the crate door open and be sure it will not hit your dog. Place a few treats justinside the crate and walk your dog over to the crate and in a happy voiceencourage him to step inside. Praise him happily if he steps in and takes the treats.Next, place treats a little further back and encourage him to get those treats.Continue the process until you have placed the treats all the way at the back of thecrate and your dog is willingly going in to retrieve the treats. The next step is tofeed your dog his next meal in the crate with the door open so he can walk in andout at will. After several meals with the door open gently close the door while yourdog is eating. After each feeding try leaving your dog in the crate for a fewminutes, gradually increasing the time. If your dog starts whining, you haveincreased the time too quickly. The next time reduce it again. However, do not letyour dog out until he stops whining, otherwise your dog will learn that whining iswhat gets him out of the crate.It is important to practice increasing the amount of time your dog spends in hiscrate alone. Encourage your dog to use his crate with a treat and praise him forentering. Sit by the crate for a few minutes and then move into another room.When you return to let your dog out, sit quietly by the crate before letting him out.Remember, do not let your dog out if he is whining. Once you have increased thetime to 30 minutes to 1 hour you can begin leaving your dog crated when you aregone for short periods of time.4

Dogs need socialization and exercise. Adult dogs should not be forced to hold theirbowels and bladders for long periods of time. Even four hours a day in a crate foran adult dog is a long period of time. We don’t recommend you crate your dog ifyou are going to be gone all day. Crating dogs and puppies, for as long as they willsleep at night, is acceptable, as long as you can hear them if they need to go out togo potty.Puppies should not be crated for more than two hours at a time. They should not beneglected and forced to break their aversion to soiling their sleeping area.Additionally, if they are left alone and not socialized when young they can developfears and aberrant behaviors of many kinds.Again, a fearful dog may take days to train. Be patient. If you introduce your dog tothe crate properly, your dog will eventually enter by himself and settle down.When a Crate Should Not Be UsedA crate is not to be used as a place for punishment. You want your dog to be happyto go to his crate when you leave or when it’s time for bed. You do not want him toassociate negative feelings with the crate. A crate should also not be used for a dogwith severe separation anxiety. A dog with separation anxiety is often anxious andwill try to chew his way out and may swallow parts of the crate or break or damageteeth trying to get out of his crate.Dog BedsIt is important that your dog is comfortable in the crate. Lay down a soft bed orblanket in the crate. During the house training stage, a bed that is easily washableis recommended. It’s also good to have a bed out of the crate that you can trainyour dog to go after he is house trained and want him to go and lie down and rest.Importance of PlayToys are an important part of your puppy’s development and your adult dog’sactivity. Toys provide not only a way for your furry friend to have fun and get someexercise, but they provide many other benefits.Why Pets Like to PlayMany dog breeds were bred for specific jobs, playing with toys and interacting withtheir human allows them to fulfill a new role. All dogs can be encouraged to playfrom puppies to adults with your interaction. It only takes you finding the right toyor game to get them excited. Don’t get discouraged it your adult dog doesn’t wantto run for a ball, try a toy that dispenses treats and you may have found his newfavorite toy!Benefits of PlayThere are several benefits of playing with your pet. Just as with humans, exercisehelps keep your pet’s body and mind healthy. There is an unprecedented number ofobese pets. Playing with your dog and a healthy diet is a way to prevent your dogfrom becoming obese. Playing with your dog also helps strengthen the bond withyour dog. Another benefit of play is that it helps to reduce behavioral problems. Ifyour dog has exercise he is less likely to be barking or chewing items he shouldn’tbe chewing.5

Encouraging Your Dog to PlayThere are many ways to engage your dog to play. Sit on the floor and start tossingballs around to yourself. Trust me, your dog will become interested and want to joinin the fun. When your dog brings a toy to you, reward him with praise and pets. Filltreat-dispensing toys if your dog is food motivated and have your dog seek themout. These toys are great for dogs that are solo players.Rotate your dog’s toys on a daily or weekly basis to prevent him from becomingdisinterested in his toys. If they don’t see a toy for a week or two, it’s like a newtoy!Transporting Your DogRestraining Your DogOne of the primary responsibilities of owning a dog is maintaining his safety. Thissafety extends to transporting your dog in your vehicle. Your dog should be securedwhile you are driving at all times. Safety belt laws exist for humans for a reasonand should exist for pets as well. If you stop suddenly your pet can easily go flyingforward out of your arms and hit the windshield or fly out of an open window. If heis in the rear seat, he becomes a secondary projectile and can hit you causingadditional injuries. We have all seen dogs with their head’s out the window enjoyingthe fresh air. This is another reason to secure your pet. Stray debris can damageyour pet’s eyes, ears, mouth or face. Loose pets may also climb down on thefloorboards and interfere with the gas and brake pedals. They may also become adistraction climbing on your lap causing you to lose focus. You should never drivewith your dog in the back of a pick-up truck as he can be thrown from the back orjump out and be struck by another driver.If you must take your dog with you, make sure he is properly restrained in a crateor a harness at all times. Harnesses are fairly inexpensive and can be purchased atyour local pet store or on Amazon.com, measure your pet according to the packageinstructions. You should NEVER restrain your dog by his collar, as he can choke todeath or hang himself.Bergenpet.com6

Vehicle TemperaturesEvery year hundreds of dogs die needlessly from heatstroke from being locked inclosed cars. These unfortunate accidents could all have been avoided. Please, if youdo not need to bring your dog with you, leave him at home.The temperature inside your vehicle can rise almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit in only10 minutes, and 30 degrees Fahrenheit in 20 minutes. This may not seem likemuch to you, but this is enough to cause serious injury and death to your fourlegged friend.The following chart, courtesy of Jan Null; Department of Geosciences, San FranciscoState University, details out the temperature changes at varying outdoortemperatures. Don’t think heat is the only deadly factor, your dog is just as at riskin the cold winter months to frostbite and hypothermia.Estimated Vehicle Interior Air Temperature vs. Elapsed TimeOutside Air Temperature (F)Elapsed time7075808590950 minutes70758085909510 minutes899499104 109 11420 minutes99104 109 114 119 12430 minutes104 109 114 119 124 12940 minutes108 113 118 123 128 13350 minutes111 116 121 126 131 13660 minutes113 118 123 128 133 138 1 hour115 120 125 130 135 140Bringing Home Your New Puppy or DogWhat You Need for Pick-upThe day has finally arrived to bring your dog or puppy home. You already have yourcrate or harness in your vehicle to secure your new family member. There are a fewother items to remember that are necessary to keep your new pup safe for thejourney home and every time he ventures outside. We highly recommend putting aharness on your new dog or pup indoors before bringing him out to your vehicle toavoid the potential to slip out of his collar. Many escapes have occurred withfrightened or nervous dogs backing out of their collars, some with deadlyconsequences.Your new dog must have a collar with an I.D. tag placed on it. The I.D. tag shouldhave your dog’s name, your address, and at least one phone number to contact youshould he get lost. If you are picking up a small puppy, sometimes harnesses workbetter to attach the leash to. You should still have a collar and an I.D. tag, butbring a harness along for the ride in case your puppy needs to stop and go potty onthe drive home. Finally, you need an undamaged leash to attach to your pet. Your7

pet should be leashed prior to opening any car doors and you should have a firmgrip on the leash.If your dog has not yet been microchipped, talk with your veterinarian aboutgetting him microchipped.Introductions to Another DogProper leash greeting: while the Aussie appears nervous the loose leashallows him to approach on his own accord. Courtesy: Whole Dog JournalIt’s always best to have a plan when introducing a new dog to your household. Thiscould be your new dog or puppy you are introducing to the family, a friend or familycoming to visit for the weekend, or a dinner guest bringing their dog along.You may know that your dog is very social, but you may not know about the newdog being introduced to the mix, or how your dog may react to a new dog actuallybeing introduced to his space, especially if they are not spayed/neutered. It is bestto conduct introductions on neutral territory or during a walk. It you have twoindividuals, one person can walk one dog at a park and the other can walk theother. Start about 10 feet apart and gradually decrease your distance if the dogsare doing well, maintaining space between them. Let the dogs smell where theother has walked. Watch the body language as the dogs get closer to make surethere is not posturing or raised hackles (raised hair on their backs). If so, increaseyour distance again. If this occurs, take a take a short break and let the dogs relaxand try again. If the dogs continue to have the same reaction to one another,contact a trainer or animal behaviorist for assistance.If the dogs give a play bow or pawing, allow them to sniff and praise them forproper behavior. Continue on your walk, occasionally allowing them to sniff. If thedogs continue to seem fine, allow them to sniff one another on loose leashes. Letthem initiate their approach and watch for any raised hackles or tense posturing.Any of these signs, begin your walk again. If all goes well, you can take themhome. However, make sure the dog toys and food bowls have been put away.These items can trigger possessiveness and lead to a fight.If you are introducing a puppy less than four months of age to an adult dog, youcan follow the same procedure. However, you should be aware of where you are8

walking them if your puppy hasn’t had all of his vaccinations. Additionally, a puppyand an adult dog will need frequent breaks from one another, as an adult dog maybecome irritated with the antics of a young puppy.As new dog relationships are developing, the dogs should NEVER be left alone. Ifyou ever have concerns about your dogs and their behavior, always consult atrainer or dog behaviorist.Introductions to a CatPhotographer: UnknownDogs and cats live happily together in many households. The first introduction isvery important and as with introducing two dogs, it is easier with two individuals inorder to be able to help control both animals.The first step is to keep your dog on a leash and let both animals see one anotherwhile each of you watch to see their body language. If the cat isn’t actingaggressively, he should be allowed to roam freely. If the dog isn’t actingaggressively, have him practice some basic commands, i.e. sit, down and stay,while the cat moves around. Praise your dog if he ignores the cat.If your dog is reacting aggressively or having strong prey dive he will be overlyfocused on the cat. He will stare, whine, cry and stiffen. If he exhibits any of thesesigns do not let him near the cat. Separate the dog and cat using a tall baby gate,place all of the cats needs in one room, i.e. litter box, food, and water and securehim. They do make baby gates with a door for him to be able to exit at the bottomthrough a pass through. This may be an option for those who crate their dogs atnight and are able to coral their cats in the morning back into the room.9

The idea is that the dog will lose interest in a few days; however, until you arecertain that your dog will not go after your cat you need to keep them separated.Exploring Your HomeOnce you arrive at your home, your new dog will need some time to explore yourhome. If you have another dog that you have already done the introductions with,allow him to enter your home first and wander the home. Your new dog or puppyshould be kept on a leash, but lead him from room to room allowing him to exploreand take in the different scents. If you are introducing a puppy or un-neuteredmale, be watchful for signs that he may need to go out to potty. Males may stopand mark their territory over another male’s scent. If this occurs, you will want toclean the spot with a good enzymatic clean such as Nature’s Miracle. This willthoroughly clean the stain and remove the scent to help prevent him from remarking in the same spot again.If you have more than one dog, you should not leave them unattended during thefirst two weeks while their relationship is forming. If you cannot be home, bothdogs should be crated or kept in separate rooms. You should feed the dogsseparately so that neither dog is competing for food. As mentioned earlier, feedingyour dog in a crate is a great way to get him used to it and will allow your otherdog to remain undisturbed. Be watchful of other situations that may excite the dogsand cause a disturbance: toys, visitors, ringing doorbells, returning from walks, andfamily members returning home. These are all new occurrences to your new dog.Give him a chance to settle in and adjust slowly. If your new dog is a puppy, he willneed frequent naps as he is growing. The best place for him to nap is in his crate.Your dog will sleep soundly and once he awakes he will be rested and ready to playagain!House TrainingThere are various techniques that people use to house train their dogs and puppies.Some people prefer to use potty pads in the corner of a bathroom or laundry room,others prefer a litter box and others prefer to take their dog or puppy directlyoutside. Whichever method you decide to use you need to stick with it. If youchoose the inside method, you will gradually need to move those potty pads andlitter boxes closer to the outside door and then out to a spot in the yard where youwant your dog to go potty.The first step in

getting into the trash, cover the trash, or put it into a cabinet with a child . crate than others. However, the process of introducing a dog to his crate is the same for all dogs. You just need to take the process slower for more fearful dogs. . Crating dogs and puppies, for as long as they will sleep at night, is acceptable, as long as .