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CONGRATULATING FRIENDS FOR DIFFERENT OCCASIONSGood news, bad newsThese lessons cover language you can use when you want to give or react to news. Includeing: Congratulating someone on good newsResponding to someone’s bad newsGiving good newsGiving bad newsResponding to someone's good newsWhat's the best way to respond to someone's good news? Most people know how to say 'congratulations' - butwhat other words, phrases and strategies are useful?Informal brilliantgreatwonderfulsplendidnews!That's fantastic! (etc)How splendid! (etc) old-fashionedFantastic! (etc.)More formal congratulations (useful for cards and letters)Congratulationson getting marriedon your good newsI'm reallypleasedhappydelightedExclamations of surpriseWow!Really?Did you?! Are you?!Follow-up questionsAre you excited?So when did you. ?And are you going to.?for you!to hear about.

BBC Learning EnglishHow to respond to someone’s good newsSIGWilliam: Hello and welcome to How to your weekly instruction manual for saying and doing things inEnglish.TAGMy name’s William Kremer. Let’s start today’s programme with a piece of good news: I’m gettingmarried next month!So what’s the best way for you to respond to something like that? Well, English speakers are lucky tohave a word that they can use whenever something really good happens to another person ExampleElena: Congratulations!William: Congratulations! If you’re writing a card or a letter you might want to say what you arecongratulating your friend about. To do this you can say ExampleElena: Congratulations on your engagement!William: Or you can sayExampleElena: Congratulations on getting married!William: But there are lots of things we can say to people who have some good news other than‘congratulations’. I’m going to invite a colleague from BBC Learning English into the studio, and I’m goingto tell him my good news – about me getting married next month, and let’s see what words he uses whenhe responds.STINGWilliam: And Matt has just come into the studio – hello Matt.Matt: Hello William.William: Now the reason I have called you into the studio today is because I have some good news.Matt: Ah excellent – I like good news.William: I am going to be getting married next month

Matt: Oh congratulations, that’s fantastic news! Are you excited?William: I am very excited, yes! Erm and er. yeah so Matt: Are you getting married in a church?William: No, we’re not getting married in a church – but er, no, we’re doing the modern thing Matt: You’re doing the modern thing rather than the traditional William: Yes, that’s right.Matt: Very good.William: That’s my news.Matt: That’s splendid news. I also have some very exciting news William: You don’t! Do you also.?Matt: I I also have some exciting news.William: What’s your news?Matt: In one month’s time, my wife is having a baby boy – our first child.William: Is she?!Matt: Yes, she is.William: Wow, I didn’t know that! When did you well, you must have found out a long time ago Matt: I found out a long time ago, but we’ve been keeping it quiet.William: Oooh, well congratulations! Do you know if it’s a boy or a girl?Matt: I said it was a boy.William: Oh yes! Good point OK Matt, that’s all I wanted to tell you.Matt: Ah, fantastic – well, good luck.William: Good luck to you too. Bye bye.OK, Matt’s left the studio now. Don’t worry if you didn’t catch all of that conversation – but let’slisten back now to a few interesting bits.William: Did you notice that after I told Matt my good news, he asked me some questions?ExampleMatt: Are you excited? Are you getting married in a church?

William: Matt is interested in my wedding. In general, when people tell you something new, somethingexciting – a very good way to respond is to ask lots and lots of questions!What other language did Matt use?ExampleMatt: Oh congratulations, that’s fantastic news!William: This is a very common and a very easy way to respond to some good news.Simply describe the news as ‘fantastic’ or ‘great’ or brilliant – or use any other very positive word ExampleMatt: Oh congratulations, that’s fantastic news!. That’s splendid news – I also have some veryexciting news William: But you don’t need to say, ‘That’s fantastic news’. When we’re talking, we can often use thesevery positive words like ‘fantastic’ or ‘splendid’ by themselves ExampleMatt: Ah, fantastic, well, good luck William: We can also use the words ‘how’ and ‘what’ by saying ‘how splendid’ or ‘what splendid news’but you don’t hear these phrases very often nowadays – they’re quite old-fashioned.One other thing to mention is that good news often involves surprise. Listen again to me being surprisedby Matt’s good news:ExampleWilliam: In one month’s time, my wife is having a baby boy – our first child.William: Is she?!Matt: Yes, she is.William: Wow, I didn’t know that! When did you well, you must have found out a long time ago ‘Wow’ - W-O-W - is a word that we use when we are really surprised by something – and pleased!William: Well, some interesting language there. I just want to play you a couple of otherphrases that you might find useful – here’s the first one:ExampleElena: I’m really pleased to hear that.William: I’m really pleased to hear that. And here’s another phrase –

ExampleElena: I’m really happy for you.William: I’m really happy for you. These two phrases are a little bit more formal, so you’re not so likely tohear them. But they are very useful for when you’re writing to congratulate someone – maybe in a card.END SIGYou can listen again to the dialogue from this programme, and practise today’slanguage point, on the How To webpage on BBC Learning English dot com.Goodbye!BBC Learning English How to .react to someone’s good news QuizFor each question choose the one correct answer.1:A:I’m pregnant! B:a:How, really?b:Wow, really ?c:Cow, really?b: That fantastic!c: Fantastic!2:A:we’re engaged! C:a:That fantastic news!3: We are so excitedyou! C:a:atb:to4:Dear Mark,c:for! Ca:Congratilations for to get your new jobb:Congratilations for your new jobc:Congratilations on getting your new job5:Dear Claire,!Ba:We’re delighted hearing about your newsb: We’re delighted to hear about your newsc: We’re delighted for your news6:I’ve won the lottery! Ca:No! Do you?b:No! Won you?c:No! Have you?

6. Congratulations and wishesWhen someone has achieved something, or been fortunate in some way, we say:Congratulations (on )Theanswer is Thank you or Thanks (informal).Well done –may also be used about an achievement.Seasonalgreetings include:Happy/ MerryChristmas!Happy New Year!Happy Easter!In replythe person greeted may either repeat the greeting or say Thank you, (and) (the) same toyou.Note that congratulate and congratulations are not appropriate here. Note also that there isno English greeting which can be used for any festival. The only way of greeting someone on theoccasion of a festival not celebrated in Britain (or at least not wildly celebrated) is to use theword wishes, for example:(Very) best wishes for My/ our (very) best wishes for The usual birthday greetings are:Many happy returns (of the day)!Happy birthday! - more common, especially in informal situationsCongratulations may be used when someone comes of age (now at 18 in Britain) in formalstyle. Otherwise it is practically never used as a birthday greeting nowadays.The answer to all these is Thank you.For engagements and weddings the following forms are used:Congratulations. - weddings onlyI wish you every happiness. –very formal, weddings onlyI hope you will be very happy. – semi-formal, weddings onlyIf we meet someone who has recently has married but whose wedding we didn’t go to, thewordmarriage is used instead.Congratulations on your marriage. – very formalI hear you’ve got married. Congratulations. – informal, semi-formalNow here are some other wishes for various occasions:Have a good/ nice holiday. – to someone going away on holidayHave a good/ nice weekend.Have a good/ nice time.Enjoy yourself.Have a good journey – to someone about to travel somewhere, but not usually when he is goingon holiday (Here is Have a good holiday is more usual.)Good luck!The best of luck!The person addressed replies Thank you or Thanks and may add I shall need it.All the best!I hope you’ll soon be/ feel better.ACTIVITIESIdentify 1st and 2nd person pronouns from the script!Grammer handout on pronouns! Pg 232 JE

CONGRATULATING FRIENDS FOR DIFFERENT OCCASIONS Good news, bad news These lessons cover language you can use when you want to give or react to news. Includeing: Congratulating someone on good news Responding to someones bad news Giving good news Giving bad news Responding to someone's good news