Biology-1 Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020

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Biology-1Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020BiologyFaculty: Pecor, Chair; Butler, Clement, Dickinson, Elderkin, Elliott, Erickson, Kress, Lovett, Morrison,Nayak, Norvell, O’Connell, Peel, Reinert, Sarwar, Shevlin, Thornton, Woldemariam, Wund.The Department of Biology at The College of New Jersey provides undergraduatestudents with a comprehensive modern education in biology, with subject matter rangingin biological complexity from molecular and cell biology, through organismal biology,and on to ecology and evolutionary biology. The general objectives of the departmentare: 1) to develop in students an understanding of the biological principles that underlieall living things; 2) to instill in students a sense of inquiry; and 3) to sharpen theanalytical thinking skills of students. The major is a liberal arts-based program thatprepares students for a variety of opportunities after graduation, including entry intobiology-related professional occupations, pursuit of advanced graduate study in biology,enrollment at medical and allied health professional schools, and teaching at the primaryand secondary levels.Students in the Department of Biology learn firsthand about the work of a biologicalscientist. They learn about both classic experiments and cutting edge research in biologyfrom the classic literature, the finest textbooks, and current primary scientific literature.In the classroom, in the field, and in laboratories, scientific inquiry is the basis forlearning, enhanced and encouraged by experienced, dedicated professors and the sharedexperiences of the class. Students construct hypotheses, develop research proposals, andhone their investigative and analytical skills through their work in course laboratories,research with faculty members, and mentored research at other institutions. Biologystudents discuss each other’s work, write research papers, and submit their findings viascientific poster presentations. This rich set of experiences allows each student to realizethe concept goals of the biology program noted below.The biology program has been designed to give all majors in the department exposure tothe complete range of disciplines within biology. The biology core courses, which arerequired of all biology students, provide a solid foundation within biology from themolecular to the ecosystem level. Students then supplement this core curriculum throughthe selection of upper-level biology option courses in their particular areas of interest.Program Concept GoalsThe study of biology is increasingly complex and multi-disciplinary. However, there arecentral concepts which are fundamental to all biological systems. These conceptsconstitute the biology program’s Concept Goals, which are instilled in each student. Within biological systems, structure and function are interdependent. Energy transformations underlie all biological processes. Expression of a unique subset of genes from an organism’s inherited DNAgenome determines a cell’s particular characteristics. Biological diversity is the result of a continuous process of evolution in anecological context.

Biology-2Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020Programs within BiologyThere are multiple programs within the biology major: liberal arts (BS or BA), secondaryeducation (BS or BA), seven-year BS/MD, and seven-year BS/OD. There also are dual majorswith early childhood education, elementary education, special education, urban education, anddeaf and hard of hearing education. There also is a biology specialization within the iSTEM dualmajor with these education majors. For program requirements, consult “Biology Programs”found on the Department of Biology web page: sheets/BIOLOGY: LIBERAL ARTS, BACHELOR OF SCIENCEMajor CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to Biology0 course unitsBIO 201/Foundations of Biological Inquiry1 course unitBIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic Cell1 course unitBIO 221/Ecology and Field Biology1 course unitBIO 231/Genetics1 course unitBIO 498/Biological Seminar1 course unit(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as thecapstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Biology option courses5 course unitsFive biology option courses (by advisement), of whichone must be in ‘organisms and evolution’ and no more than twomay be transfer credits from another institution.Total major coursesCorrelate CoursesCHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, IICHE 331, 332/Organic Chemistry I, IIMAT 127/Calculus AOne of the following courses (by advisement)MAT 128/Calculus BMAT 200/Discrete MathematicsSTA 215/Statistical InferencePHY 201/Physics ITotal required correlate courses10 course units2 course units2 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit7 course unitsBIOLOGY: LIBERAL ARTS, BACHELOR OF ARTSMajor CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to BiologyBIO 201/Foundations of Biological InquiryBIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic CellBIO 221/Ecology and Field BiologyBIO 231/GeneticsBIO 498/Biological Seminar(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as thecapstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Biology option coursesFour biology option courses (by advisement), of which0 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit4 course units

Biology-3Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020one must be in ‘organisms and evolution’ and no more than twomay be transfer credits from another institution.Total major courses9 course unitsCorrelate CoursesCHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, IIMAT 127/Calculus A2 course units1 course unitTotal required correlate courses3 course unitsBIOLOGY: SECONDARY EDUCATIONAn overview of the entire secondary-level teacher preparation sequence for students canbe found in the section of this bulletin for the Department of Education Administrationand Secondary Education. Students planning to teach middle or high school biologyshould consult with advisors in both biology and secondary education in planning theiracademic program. These plans should take into account requirements for the major,liberal learning, professional courses, and state certification. Students are considered“pre-candidates” in the program until they engage in their first major clinical fieldexperience (Clinical Experience I, typically in the Spring of Junior year), at which pointthey advance to candidacy. Students typically begin taking education courses in the firstor second year. In the sophomore year, prior to applying for Clinical Experience I,students must either have passed the Praxis Core certification exam or have achieved aState mandated threshold score on the SAT or ACT exam. In addition, their cumulativeGPA (CGPA) must be 3.0 or higher (or between 2.75 and 2.99 with permission), and bythe time they engage in Clinical Experience I, they must have earned a B- or better inSED 224, EFN 299, and SPE 103. To be allowed to student teach (Clinical Experience II,BIO 490), the student must establish a CGPA of 3.0 or higher (or between 2.75 and 2.99with permission), must have completed the biology core, must have taken the Praxis IIcertification examinations (Biology and General Science content tests), and must haveearned a B- or better in SED 399 and PHY 390.Candidates for a teacher-education certificate must have a CGPA of 3.0 or higher tosuccessfully complete their teacher education program with certification from TCNJ(students graduating with a GPA 3.0 but 2.75 and who meet certain Praxis examscore thresholds can appeal to the State for certification). They also must meet the statehygiene/physiology requirement, the harrassment-intimidation-bullying requirement, andpass the appropriate Praxis II examination before the New Jersey State Department ofEducation will issue the appropriate certificate. Teacher-education candidates will receivea “certificate of eligibility with advanced standing” which requires a candidate to beprovisionally certified for his or her first year of teaching. After one year of successfulteaching, the candidate is eligible for a permanent certificate.BACHELOR OF SCIENCEMajor CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to BiologyBIO 201/Foundations of Biological InquiryBIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic CellBIO 221/Ecology and Field BiologyBIO 231/GeneticsBIO 498/Biological Seminar(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as the0 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit

Biology-4Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020capstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Biology option courses4 course unitsFour biology option courses (by advisement), of whichone must be in ‘organisms and evolution’ and no more than twomay be transfer credits from another institution.Total major courses9 course unitsCorrelate CoursesCHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, IICHE 331, 332/Organic Chemistry I, IIMAT 127/Calculus AOne of the following courses (by advisement)MAT 128/Calculus BMAT 200/Discrete MathematicsSTA 215/Statistical Inference(preferably the section designed for biology majors)PHY 201 Physics ITotal required correlate coursesProfessional Education Sequence CoursesSED 099/College SeminarSED 224/Adolescent Learning and DevelopmentEFN 299/Schools, Communities and CultureSPE 103/Social and Legal Foundations of Special EducationSED 399/Pedagogy in Secondary SchoolsRAL 328/Reading in Secondary EducationPHY 390/Methods of Teaching ScienceBIO 490/Student TeachingSED 498/Collaborative Capstone for Professional InquiryTotal required professional education sequence courses2 course units2 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course units7 course units0 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1.5 course units0.5 course units1 course unit2 course units1 course unit9 course unitsBACHELOR OF ARTSMajor CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to Biology0 course unitsBIO 201/Foundations of Biological Inquiry1 course unitBIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic Cell1 course unitBIO 221/Ecology and Field Biology1 course unitBIO 231/Genetics1 course unitBIO 498/Biological Seminar1 course unit(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as thecapstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Biology option courses4 course unitsFour biology option courses (by advisement), of whichone must be in ‘organisms and evolution’ and no more than twomay be transfer credits from another institution.Total major courses9 course unitsCorrelate Courses

Biology-5Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020CHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, IIMAT 127/Calculus ATotal required correlate coursesProfessional Education Sequence CoursesSED 099/College SeminarSED 224/Adolescent Learning and DevelopmentEFN 299/Schools, Communities and CultureSPE 103/Social and Legal Foundations of Special EducationSED 399/Pedagogy in Secondary SchoolsRAL 328/Reading in Secondary EducationPHY 390/Methods of Teaching ScienceBIO 490/Student TeachingSED 498/Collaborative Capstone for Professional Inquiry2 course units1 course unit3 course unitsTotal required professional education sequence courses9 course units0 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1.5 course units0.5 course units1 course unit2 course units1 course unitBIOLOGY: SEVEN-YEAR BS/MD (MEDICAL) PROGRAMThis accelerated program with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School in Newark isavailable to entering first-year students only. More information on the program and theapplication process is available from Dr. Dennis Shevlin ([email protected]), Dr. SudhirNayak ([email protected]), and at the following -careers/7-year-medical-program/Major CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to BiologyBIO 201/Foundations of Biological InquiryBIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic CellBIO 221/Ecology and Field BiologyBIO 231/GeneticsTwo additional 300- or 400-level biology option courses (byadvisement), one of which must have a lab and no morethan one may be transfer credit from another institution.(BIO 393, 394, 399, 493, 494, 495, and 496 do not qualify0 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit2 course unitsto meet this requirement.)BIO 498/Biological Seminar(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as thecapstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Total major coursesCorrelate CoursesCHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, IICHE 331, 332/Organic Chemistry I, IIMAT 127/Calculus AOne of the following courses (by advisement)MAT 128/Calculus BMAT 200/Discrete MathematicsSTA 215/Statistical InferencePHY 201, 202/Physics I, II1 course unit7 course units2 course units2 course units1 course unit1 course unit2 course units

Biology-6Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020Total required correlate courses8 course unitsThe remainder of requirements for the major will be taken at Rutgers-NJ Medical School.Please note: Rutgers-NJMS also requires that students in the program participate in anindependent research project (with or without academic credit) prior to startingcoursework at Rutgers-NJMS.BIOLOGY: SEVEN-YEAR BS/OD (OPTOMETRY) PROGRAMThis accelerated program works in conjunction with the State University of New York’sState College of Optometry in Manhattan and is available to entering first-year studentsand to enrolled biology first-year students and first-semester sophomores. To beconsidered, entering first-year applicants must have an SAT score of at least 1300(Verbal Math, with at least 670 in Math) and must be in the top 10 percent of theirgraduating class. An interview at SUNY is required before acceptance into the program.Seven-Year BS/OD majors must maintain an overall GPA of 3.3 or higher and a GPA of3.3 or higher in all required science and mathematics courses, with no grade in therequired courses below a C. Students are required to take the Optometry Aptitude Test(OAT) and score 320 or higher on all sections. More information about the program isavailable from Dr. Sudhir Nayak ([email protected]) and at the following web reers/7-year-optometry-program/Major CoursesBIO 099/Orientation to BiologyBIO 201/Foundations of Biological Inquiry (formerly BIO 185)BIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic CellBIO 221/Ecology and Field BiologyBIO 231/GeneticsBIO 332/Biology of the VertebratesBIO 498/Biological Seminar(Qualified students may use BIO 495/496 to serve as thecapstone experience—see Biology course descriptions.)Biology option course (by advisement)Total major courses0 course units1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit1 course unit7 course unitsCorrelate CoursesCHE 201, 202/General Chemistry I, II2 course unitsCHE 331, 332/Organic Chemistry I, II2 course unitsMAT 127/Calculus A1 course unitPHY 201, 202/Physics I, II2 course unitsPSY 101/Introduction to Psychology1 course unitSTA 215/Statistics1 course unitTotal required correlate courses9 course unitsThe remainder of the requirements for the major will be taken at SUNY College ofOptometry.‘Organisms and Evolution’ Biology Option CoursesThe Biology-Liberal Arts and Biology-Secondary Education major will need to enroll inat least one biology option course that addresses organisms and evolution. The coursesthat fulfill this requirement include the following:

Biology-7 Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020BIO 332/Biology of the VertebratesBIO 341/Biology of Seed PlantsBIO 342/Biology of the InvertebratesBIO 343/General EntomologyBIO 344/Avian BiologyBIO 365-366/Natural History of the Galapagos Islands and EcuadorBIO 411/Animal PhysiologyCourse RegistrationIt is the responsibility of the student to ensure that all pre-requisites or co-requisites forenrolling in a particular course have been met. Students found not to have metprerequisites or co-requisites will be dis-enrolled. Furthermore, registering in a coursesection in order to hold a seat for another student is considered to be a violation ofDepartment of Biology policy for both the student holding the seat and the student takingthe held seat. Seat-holding will be monitored through PAWS.Program Entrance, Retention, and Exit StandardsEvery major program at the College has set standards for allowing students to remain inthat program, to transfer within the College from one program to another, and to graduatefrom a program.The following are the standards for Biology-Liberal Arts and Biology-SecondaryEducation Programs: Retention in the program is based on the following performance standards: 1) atthe end of the fourth semester (or second semester for transfer students) at TCNJ,the student must have a minimum cumulative TCNJ GPA of 2.0 in all math andscience courses (excluding any biology courses numbered below 185), and 2)must have completed at least three math and science courses at TCNJ required bythe major.Applicants for internal transfer to Biology should have at minimum a C- in bothBIO 201 and CHE 201. That said, this major has very limited capacity, andsimply meeting the minimum requirements is not likely to result in admission.Preference will be given to applicants based on math and science GPA, thenumber of biology, other science, and math courses completed, and demonstratedenthusiasm for the field of biology. Consult the Department of Biology web pagefor complete application details: gy/Graduation requires: 1) an overall GPA of 2.0 in all TCNJ courses, 2) acumulative GPA of 2.0 in all math and science courses taken at TCNJ, and 3) acumulative GPA of C– (1.67) or higher in the following core courses: BIO185/201, BIO 211, BIO 221, and BIO 231.The following are the standards for the Biology-Seven-Year Medical Program: Retention in the program is based on the following performance standards in these“critical content courses”: 1) overall 3.5 GPA each semester, and 2) a B or higherin BIO 185/201, BIO 211, CHE 201, 202, 331, 332, and PHY 201, 202.

Biology-8Undergraduate Bulletin 2019-2020 Internal transfer into the program is not allowed by the articulation agreement. Graduation includes credits earned during the first year at Rutgers New JerseyMedical School.The following are the standards for the Biology-Optometry Program: Retention in the program is based on the following performance standards: a GPAof 3.3 in the biology curriculum and a GPA of 3.3 in the optometry science andmathematics prerequisites, with no grade below a C. For further details consultthe optometry advisor regarding the articulation agreement. Transfer into the program can only be achieved from the Biology-Liberal Artsprogram. Students must have a GPA of 3.3 or higher in the required optometrycourses and an overall GPA of 3.3 or higher. For further details consult theoptometry advisor regarding the articulation agreement. Graduation includes credits earned at SUNY College of Optometry. For furtherrequirements and modifications consult the optometry advisor regarding thearticulation agreement.Biology MinorThe minor consists of five course units:BIO 201/Foundations of Biological InquiryTwo of the following:BIO 211/Biology of the Eukaryotic CellBIO 221/Ecology and Field BiologyBIO 231/Genetics (Please note that BIO 211 is a prerequisite for BIO 231.)Two additional biology option courses, of which no more than one may be transfer creditfrom another institution.The minimum GPA for retention in and completion of the minor is the same as for themajor.A minimum of three of the biology courses for the minor must be taken at TCNJ.Departmental HonorsThe Departmental Honors Program provides advanced research experience andrecognition of outstanding achievement. To be eligible to request Departmental Honors,the biology major must have at least eight course units earned at The College of NewJersey, including three course units in biology. The student should have an overall GPAof 3.3 or higher, and a science GPA of 3.5 or higher. The candidate must apply bysubmitting a written request to the Biology Departmental Honors Advisor. To receiveDepartmental Honors, the candidate must complete the biology major with an overallGPA

education (BS or BA), seven-year BS/MD, and seven-year BS/OD. There also are dual majors with early childhood education, elementary education, special education, urban education, and deaf and hard of hearing education. There also is a biology specialization within the iSTEM dual major with these education majors.