Advanced Transport Phenomena

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Advanced Transport PhenomenaTeaching scheme (Hr/week) Examination schemeLecture Tutorial TermTheorySessionalwork312TermViva- Totalworkvoce-6040 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks1503 Hr1. Transport in Turbulent Flowa. Momentum Transport: time smoothing of equation of changefor incompressible fluid & review of logarithmic law of viscosityb. Energy Transport: temperature fluctuations & time smoothingof temperature & energy equation, semi-empirical equationsfor turbulent energy fluxc. Mass Transport: time smoothing of equation of change,turbulent concentration profiles2. Transport between Two Phasesa. Momentum transport: friction factors for flow in tubes, flowrate & pressure drop relations, friction factor for packed bedsb. Energy Transport: non-isothermal system, heat transfercoefficients, dimensionless correlations for forced & freeconvection in tubes & around submerged objects, heattransfer coefficient for forced convection through packed bed.c. Mass Transport: mass transport coefficient, correlations forbinary systems in one phase & at low mass transfer rates,definition & correlation for binary mass transfer coefficients intwo phases at low mass transfer rates, transfer coefficients forhigh mass transfer rates, boundary layer theory3. Transport in Layer Flow Systema. microscopic mass balance & mechanical energy balances,estimation of friction losses, macroscopic energy balance innon-isothermal systems, use of balances to solve steady state& unsteady state problems.

4. Transport by other mechanisms:a. Momentum transport in polymeric liquidsb. Energy transport by radiationc. Mass transport in multi component systems and cross effectsNote:While teaching the above topics more stress is to be given on the followingunit operations;1. Transport Phenomena in liquid extraction2. Transport Phenomena in gas absorption3. Transport Phenomena in distillationText Book1. Transport Phenomena by R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart & F. W. LightfootJohn Wiley & Sons2. Momentum Transfer Operations by S. K. GuptaTata McGraw Hill Corp,Reference Book1. Transport Phenomenon in Liquid Extraction by G. S. Laddha & T. E.DegaleesanMcGraw Hill Publishing2. Absorption & Extraction by T. K. Sherwood & R. L. PigfordMcGraw Hill Publishing3. Multi-component Distillation by D. D. HollandPrentice Hall, India

MC122: PARTICULATE TECHNOLOGYTeaching scheme(Hr/week)Examination schemeLecture Tutorial 40 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks-1503 Hr1) Particle Characteristcs like permeability, Angle of friction, Angle ofrepose,Despersability apparent density etc.2) Design of Storage bin, Mohr circle , Mass flow rate of solids from bins etc3) Pneumatic conveying4) Slurry transportation5) Fluidisation and Spouted bed6) Solid- Solid mixingREFERENCE BOOKS1) Encyclopedia of Fluid MechanicsChermischnoff, Gulf Publishers Co.2) Air Pollution ControlCrawford, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publication3) Fluidization EngineeringKunii & Levenspiel, McGraw Hill Publication

Introduction to environmental engineeringTeaching scheme (Hr/week) Examination schemeLecture Tutorial TermTheorySessionalwork312TermViva- Totalworkvoce-6040 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks1503 Hr1. IntroductionTypes of pollution & their impacts on the environment2. Environmental chemistry: Aquatic Chemistry : Chemical equilibria andkinetics fundamentals; Acids and bases; Titrations; Acidity; Alkalinity;Buffers and buffer intensity; Chemical equilibrium calculations; pC-pHdiagram. Precipitation and dissolution; Water softening and waterconditioning; Langelier index; Solubility diagram; Coexistence of phases inequilibrium; Complexation of metal ions and organic complexes in naturalwater. Oxidation and reduction reactions stoichiometry; Redox couples; pEpH diagrams; Redox control in natural systems; Basic concepts of organicand colloid chemistry. Soil Chemistry : Weathering reactions; Structure andsurface reactions of clays and oxides; Forces at soil-water interfaces.Atmospheric Chemistry : Chemical equilibria and kinetics; Photodissociation and free radical reactions; Chemistry of precipitation; Acid rain.3. Environmental microbiology: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryoticcells; Types of microorganisms; Metabolic classification of microorganisms.Microbial metabolism; Respiration and energy generation; Microbialgrowth. Ecology; Ecosystem structure; Energy flow and material cycling inan ecosystem; Biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorousand sulphur; Biodiversity and conservation of wild genetic resources.Microbiological aspects of drinking water and water distribution systems.

4. Sources & Effects of air and water pollutionDefinition, ways of expressing concentration, classification & properties ofair pollutants, emission sources – classification according to source types,major emissions from global sources & emission source in India, behaviour& fate of air pollutants, effect of air pollution on – human health,vegetation & materials, air pollution laws & standards Sources ofwastewater in process industries, characteristics of waste water, waterpollution laws & standards.5. Meteorological Aspects of Air Pollution and Sampling & MeasurementPollutant dispersion, temperature lapse rate & stability, wind velocity &turbulence, plume behaviour. Ambient air sampling & stack sampling,analysis of air pollutants6. Air Pollution Control Methods & Equipmentsource correction methods, particulate emission control methods &gaseous emission control methods with special emphasis to Control ofsulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide & hydrocarbon emissions7. W. W. TreatmentObjectives & classification of W. W. treatment methods, Use of physicalunit operations like screening, communition, grit chambers, flowequalisation, mixing, flocculation, sedimentation, floatation & filtration inwaste water treatment. Use of chemical unit processes like chemicalprecipitation, gas transfer, adsorption, disinfect ion with chlorine & ozone,dechlorination in wastewater treatment

8. Biological Unit ProcessesIntroduction to treatment processes attached growth and suspendedgrowth processes. Aerobic suspended growth treatment processes:activated sludge process, aerobic aerated lagoons, aerobic digestion, andaerobic stabilisation ponds. Aerobic attached growth treatment processes& their design – trickling filters, rotating biological contactors, anaerobicsuspended growth, treatment processes – anaerobic digestion, anaerobicattached growth treatment process & design– anaerobic filter & anaerobicponds, combined aerobic/anoxic or anaerobic treatment processes –facultative lagoons (ponds), sludge treatment & disposal9. Solid Waste Management: sources & classification, methods ofcollection & disposal10. Noise Pollution: sources of noise pollution & their control methodsText Book1. Environmental Pollution Control Engineering by C. S. RaoWiley Eastern Ltd.2. Waste Water Engineering – Treatment, Disposal & Reuse by Metcalf& Eddy Inc.Tata McGraw Hill PublicationsReference Book1. Introduction to Environmental Engineering by Mackenzie L. Davis &David A. CornwellMcGraw Hill International Publications2. Environmental Engineering by Raw, Peavy & Tchobanoglous3. Chemistry for Environmental Engineering 3rd Ed. by Sawyer &McCartyMcGraw Hill Publications

MC225: ADVANCED CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERINGTeaching scheme (Hr/week) Examination schemeLecturTutoria Termelwork312TheorySessionalTermViva-workvoce-6040 Marks50Marks1 HrMark3 HrTotal150s1) Non-ideal flow with stress on single parameter and multiparametermodels.2)Fundamentals of heterogeneous reactions, fluid- fluid reactions.3) Catalytic reaction: effective ness factor of catalyst various types ofreactors to determine the reaction rate.4) Design and analysis of chemical reactors: Design of fluid solid catalyticreactors, packed bed reactors , design of non - catalytic fluid solid reactors .Design of fluid- fluid reactors.REFERENCE BOOKS1) Chemical Reaction Engineering(III Edition)O.Levenspiel, Wiley Eastern(p) Ltd.2) Elements of Chemical Reaction Engg(II Edition).H.S.Fogler, Prentice Hall(India) Ltd3) Chemical Engg.Kinetics(III Edition)J.M.Smith, McGraw Hill Publication

MC 116 : PROCESS MODEL IDENTIFICATIONTeaching schemeExamination scheme(Hr/week)LecturTutoria TermelTheorySessional TermworkworkViva Totalvoce31-60 Marks 40 Marks 3 Hr-1001 Hr1. Introduction to modeling: Classification of modeling schemes.Introduction to first principle models, gray box models, black box models.2. Statistical Preliminaries: random process, random variables, timeinvariance, correlation, correlation coefficient etc.3. Input signal design: Concept of persistency of excitation, concept ofplant friendly ness, design and implementation of input signals like RGS,PRBS, Maximum length signals, Multi level signals, Relay feed back signals,Introduction to Signal design for closed loop systems.4. Linear models: Introduction to the concept of local linearization.Detailed discussion on time series and state space model development.Introduction to linear regression, analysis of least squares estimate, bestlinear unbiased estimate, Recursive identification methods, Partial leastsquares, total least squares, introduction to prediction error methods andInstrumental variable methods. Introduction to commercial softwares onsystem identification.5. Nonlinear models: Introduction to ANN based nonlinear modelidentification. Modeling of complex nonlinear systems using fuzzydecomposition and multi model approach. Modeling of nonlinear systemsusing Voltera series models. Concept of block oriented nonlinear modelidentification. Development of nonlinear models using Ortho normal basisfunctions.6. Model order: Introduction to concept of structure selection and modelorder, conventional model order reduction techniques. Introduction tononlinear model order reduction techniques.

7. Stochastic modeling: Development of stochastic time series models,Introduction to concept of kalman filtering, Introduction to nonlinear ARXand nonlinear ARMAX type models. Introduction to extended kalmanfilters.REFERENCE BOOKS1) System Identification by Torsten Soderstrom and Petre stoica, PrenticeHall International series in systems and control engineering.2) System Identification Theory for the user, Lennert Ljung, Prentice hallPTR, Upper saddle River, NJ, 07458.3) Lessons in estimation theory for signal Processing communications andcontrol, by Jerry M.Mendal, Prentice hall signal processing series.4) Perturbation signals for system identification, Editor Keith Godfrey,Prentice Hall International series5) System identification special addition, Automatica, 1995 November.MC126: SEMINARTeaching schemeExamination scheme(Hr/week)LecturTutoria otal50

Semester-2MC223: OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUESTeaching scheme(Hr/week)Examination schemeLecture Tutorial 40 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks3 Hr1) Basics of operation research2) Linear programming.3) Transportation model.4) Assignment model.5) Sequencing model.6) Dynamic programming.7) Inventory model.8) PERT Computation.9) CPM Computation.REFERENCE BOOKS1) Operations ResearchGupta, Chand & Co.2) Optimisation TechniquesD.Himmelblau, McGraw Hill Publication-150

MC224: ADVANCED CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICSTeaching scheme (Hr/week)Examination schemeLecture Tutorial TermTheorySessionalwork31-Term Viva- Totalwork voce6040 MarksMarks1 Hr--1003 Hr1) Fugacities , activities and departure functions.2) Phase and chemical equilibrium.3) Partition functions ;canonical, grand canonical and microcanonicalensembles .4) Inter molecular potentials.5) Distribution functions and corresponding states theory.6) Introduction to irreversible thermodynamics.7) Computer simulation methods.8) Extensive problem assignments throughout.REFERENCE BOOKS1) Statistical ThermodynamicsSontag, McGraw Hill Publication2) Chemical Engg. ThermodynamicsSmith & Vanness, McGraw Hill Publication

MC226: SEMINARTeaching schemeExamination scheme(Hr/week)LecturTutoria Termelwork--6Theory Sessiona Term-Viva-lworkvoce-50-Total50Electives subjects for general chemical EngineeringSeparation TechniquesTeaching scheme (Hr/week) Examination schemeLecture Tutorial TermTheorySessionalwork312TermViva- Totalworkvoce-6040 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks1503 Hr1. Introduction to new separation techniques Introduction toseparation process, selection of separation method[2]2. Conventional seperation operations: Design of multicomponentseperation process like distillation, extraction absorption[10]Membrane processes[10]Introduction, principle and mechanism of membrane processes,different processes based on membrane separation processes viz. (1)Reverse osmosis (2) Ultra-filtration (3) Per-vaporation, (4) Supportedmembrane filtration (5) Emulsion liquid membrane;Membraneselection, Membrane fouling and regeneration, Application of abovementioned methods to waste water treatment.

3. Zone meltingMechanism of zone melting and applications of zone melting4. Super critical fluid extractionThermodynamics of supercritical fluid extraction, theory of gas[4][9]extraction in super critical condition, experimental techniques of supercritical fluid extraction, applications of super critical fluid extraction tochemical engineering.5. Chromatography[5]Fundamentals of chromatography, differential migration methods inliquid chromatography, applications of chromatography to chemicalengineering.Text Books:1. Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, Mcketta, Vol 29, 48,56, 592. Encyclopedia of Chemical Engineering, J.H.Perry, 7th Ed, McGraw HillPublication.3. Hand book of seperation techniques for chemcial engineers,Newyork, Mc Graw Hill 1988.Reference Books:1. Super critical fluid technology, JML Penninger, MA Muchugh, VJKrukonis, Elsvier Publication, 1985.2. Chrometography (Part I), E. Heftmann, Elsvier Publication.

Process synthesisTeaching scheme (Hr/week) Examination schemeLecture Tutorial TermTheorySessionalwork312TermViva- Totalworkvoce-6040 Marks50Marks1 HrMarks1503 HrSynthesis of reactors and reactor networks: Mathematical approach andHeuristic approach[10]Utility operations and process integration: Synthesis of heat exchangernetworks, synthesis of mass exchanger networks, design of reactivedistillation[15]Synthesis of seperation schemes[9]Flow sheet synthesis:[6]Text books:1. Biegler, Grossmann, and Western berg., Systematic methods ofchemical process design.2. Rudd Dole,F,Powers Gray J, Siirola , Jeffrey J, Process , Processsynthesis , Engle wood cliffs, Printice hall, 1973.

1. Transport Phenomena in liquid extraction 2. Transport Phenomena in gas absorption 3. Transport Phenomena in distillation Text Book 1. Transport Phenomena by R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart & F. W. Lightfoot John Wiley & Sons 2. Momentum Transfer Operations by S. K. Gupta